Advances in Energy Research. Volume 33


Morena J. Acosta (Editor)

Series: Advances in Energy Research
BISAC: SCI024000

Advances in Energy Research. Volume 33 begins with a focus on gas hydrates, also known as methane hydrates, which are formed due to high hydraulic pressures present under the cold seabed over long periods of time.

Following this, an exploratory method using semi-structured interviews was undertaken to investigate the barriers and drivers for implementing energy efficiency measures in South Africa’s cement finishing mill.

To address the large energy consumption of microalgae dewatering and to increase revenues from microalgae, a novel process for the prior sustainable extraction of carotenoids from wet microalgae biomass is proposed.

The authors describe the evolution of smart grids in some developing countries, highlighting the challenges and trends for the next years. For this purpose, reference cases corresponding to different developing countries of Africa and America are used.

Additionally, the basics of high efficiency cogeneration and the mathematical model used to calculate the amount of electricity in cogeneration are discussed.

In one study, the impedance of the diffusion and reaction processes in an electrochemical cell is modelled by means of transmission line equivalent electric circuits.

To discuss the applications of common techniques to control the efficiency and costs of underground ventilation, detailed information on current practices is collected through discussions with miners to identify relevant problems.

The authors go on to explore barriers and enablers which impact the durability of solar street lighting systems in rural India to create a renewable energy eco-system in rural poor communities.

Later, it is proposed that statistical control charts can assist in controlling energy consumption in universities, and the rate of energy consumption flow is used to diagnose high-energy consumption.

The closing research is an analysis of problems found during the operation of the biogas power system at Baiturrahman boarding school, West Java, Indonesia, and recommendations to enhance the system performance are provided.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. A Global Survey of Gas Hydrate Development and Reserves Specifically in Marine Field
(Shyi-Min Lu, Retiree from Energy and Environment Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Chutung, Hsinchu, Taiwan)

Chapter 2. Drivers and Barriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency: A Case Study of South Africa’s Cement Finishing Mill Plant
(Oluwafemi E. Ige, Freddie L. Inambao, Oludolapo A. Olanrewaju, Kevin J. Duffy, and Obiora C. Collins, Department of Industrial Engineering, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, and Institute of Systems Science, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa)

Chapter 3. Novel Biorefinery Concept for Integral Use of Wet Microalgae Using Renewable Solvent
(Diego T. Santos, Eduardo P. Gomes, Adriano V. Ensinas, Jean-Paul Schwitzguebel, Christof Holliger and François Maréchal, Industrial Process and Energy Systems Engineering [IPESE], École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne [EPFL], Lausanne, Switzerland, and others)

Chapter 4. Smart Grids in Developing Countries: Current Status, Challenges and Upcoming Trends
(Patricio G. Donato, Matías N. Hadad, Ignacio Carugati, Marcos A. Funes, Jorge L. Strack and Carlos M. Orallo, Laboratorio de Instrumentación y Control [LIC], Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas en Electrónica, (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata), Mar del Plata, Argentina)

Chapter 5. Techno-Economic Assessment of High Efficiency Cogeneration
(Pavel Atănăsoae, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Suceava, Romania)

Chapter 6. Electrical Networks Modelling the Impedance of the Diffusion and Reaction Processes in Electrochemical Systems
(A. A. Moya, Departmento de Física, Universidad de Jaén, Jaén, Spain)

Chapter 7. An Overview on Cost Control Techniques Used in Underground Ventilation in Brazil
(Leandro de Vilhena Costa, Diego T. Santos, José Margarida da Silva, Postgraduate Program in Mineral Engineering – PPGEM, UFOP, Ouro Preto, Brazil)

Chapter 8. Barriers and Enablers Affecting Durability of Solar Street Lighting Systems in Rural India
(Aritra Chakrabarty, Rohit Sharma, Praveen Kumar, Jayendran Venkateswaran and Chetan S. Solanki, Research Associate, Energy Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India)

Chapter 9. Controlling Energy Consumption Rates at Higher Learning Institutions
(Bantubenzani N. Mdlolo and Oludolapo A. Olanrewaju, Industrial Engineering department, Durban University of Technology, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)

Chapter 10. Evaluation of Biogas Power System Performance at Baiturrahman Boarding School, West Java, Indonesia
(Arini Wresta, Henny Sudibyo, Kusnadi, Arifin Santosa, Aep Saepudin, Ikhwan Pramuaji, Aris Sudomo and Swatika Juhana, Research Center for Electrical Power and Mechatronics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences [LIPI], Bandung, Indonesia, and others)


Additional information