Advances in Energy Research. Volume 31


Morena J. Acosta (Editor)

Series: Advances in Energy Research
BISAC: SCI024000

In the past, fossil fuels have been considered a reliable source of energy by many countries. Despite the current measures to reduce the use of fossil fuels for electricity generation, the use of this type of energy source will continue for the foreseeable future. Advances in Energy Research. Volume 31 examines how, if this situation does not change in the future, then all types of fossil fuels, particularly oil, will be exhausted before the end of the current century.

The use of microholes may potentially enhance the applications of fossil fuels in various energy fields, especially in thermal power plants. Therefore, the morphology variation of micropunch and microhole during the punching with WC/Co micropunches is investigated in this compilation through scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometer and confocal laser studies.

Following this, the authors provide a review on experimental and modeling studies performed with direct fuel cells, starting with the fundamentals and main drawbacks of these systems, followed by an exhaustive review on the different studies performed regarding the effects of operating conditions and design parameters.

In the penultimate chapter, a new method for determining the cohesion potential energy in solids is described, and fundamental factors such as internal energy, entropy, temperature and time are examined, in particular the connection of entropy and time to potential energy. The method concerns molecular solids and rests upon measurable thermodynamic quantities: heat of sublimation, heat capacity, and entropy as derived from the latter.

The closing chapter provides an overview of three methods (retarded osmosis method, forward osmosis-electrokinetic method, and diffusio-osmotic method) for sustainable power generation from the salinity gradient energy by using osmosis-based processes.
(Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Fossil Fuels: Current Situation and Perspectives of Its Use at World Level
(Jorge Morales Pedraza, Morales Project Consulting, Vienna, Austria)

Chapter 2. Ti Microholes Potential for Fossil Fuels Efficient Application Punched by WC/Co Micropunch
(Kelvii Wei Guo, Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

Chapter 3. Review on the Developments in Proton Exchange Membrane Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells (DEFCs)
(C. S. Moreira, V. B. Oliveira and A. M. F. R. Pinto, Transport Phenomena Research Center, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering University of Porto, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 4. Performance of a Passive Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell Fed with a Mixture of Alcohols
(B. A. Braz, C. S. Moreira, V. B. Oliveira and A.M.F.R. Pinto, Transport Phenomena Research Center, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering University of Porto, Porto, Portugal)

Chapter 5. Novel Determination of Potential Energy of Cohesion in Solids and Liquids: Time Efficiency of Potential Energy in Thermal Processes
(Francisco Ros, Instituto de Química Médica, CSIC, Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 6. A Review on Power Generation from Salinity Gradient Energy by Osmosis
(Yanmei Jiao and Chun Yang, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, and others)


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