Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 80


James C. Taylor (Editor)

Series: Advances in Chemistry Research
BISAC: SCI013000

This volume contains nine chapters that detail recent advances in chemistry research. Chapter One discusses the history, applications and future of ethylene glycol. Chapter Two presents flavones, one of the largest subgroups of the secondary metabolite class of flavonoids. Chapter Three discusses xylan and derivative applications, particularly emphasizing the separation and concentration of liquid streams containing hemicellulose. Chapter Four examines selective polyoxometalate (POM)-catalyzed hydrolysis of biomass xylan. Chapter Five evaluates if the thermogenic potential of pepper and cinnamon could in any way contribute to normalizing physical performance (assessed by tread mill test) in cold exposed rats. Chapter Six focuses on the biological activity of chrysin derivatives. Chapter Seven discusses the distinctive characteristics of ethylene glycol. Chapter Eight reviews the recent trends in theophylline, its derivatives, and those of its structural analogs such as caffeine, aminophylline, and threombine vis-à-vis synthesis, characterization, physicochemical properties, and applications. Finally, Chapter Nine highlights synthetic methodologies developed for the 1, 3, 4 oxadiazole derivatives and their pharmacological value.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. A Closer Look at Ethylene Glycol: Past, Present and Future
Sreejith Sreekantan, Arun Arunima Balachandran Kirali and Banu Marimuthu
Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 2. Flavones: Sources, Properties and Health Benefits
Shankar R. Thopate and Mubarak H. Shaikh
Radhabai Kale Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Chapter 3. The Concentration and Purification of Xylan-Based Hemicelluloses
María Noel Cabrera1, PhD Fernando Felissia2, PhD and María Cristina Area2, PhD
1Universidad de la República-Engineering School-Chemical Engineering Institute/Forest Processes Engineering Group, Montevideo, Uruguay
2IMAM, UNaM, CONICET, FCEQYN, Programa de Celulosa y Papel (PROCYP), Posadas, Argentina

Chapter 4. Selective Polyoxometalate (POM)-Catalyzed Hydrolysis of Biomass Xylan in Dilute Aqueous Solutions of Mixed-Addenda α-Keggin Type (Mo-V-P)-Heteropolyacids
Anatoly A. Shatalov, PhD
University of Lisbon, School of Agriculture, Forest Research Center (CEF), Lisbon, Portugal

Chapter 5. Can Thermogenic Compounds Improve Physical Performance in Cold Exposed Rats?
A Study
Chaitanya Pandit1 and K. R. Anilakumar2
MMK and SDM Mahila Maha Vidyalaya, Mysore Karnataka, India
2Defence Food Research Laboratory, DRDO, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Chapter 6. Chrysin: A Versatile Bioactive Dihydroxy Flavone
Kajalben B. Patel and Premlata Kumari
Department of Chemistry, S. V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India

Chapter 7. Distinctive Characteristics of Ethylene Glycol in Protein Folding: A Moderate Denaturant
Zahoor Ahmad Parray, MSc, M. Phil, PhD
Postdoctoral Fellow (DST-SERB), Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Hauz Khas Campus, New Delhi, India

Chapter 8. Theophylline and Its Xanthine Analogs: Derivatization, Uses, Interactions,
and Side Effects
Uduakobong O. Abosede1, Uchenna P. Ogodo2, Onyeka Obidi3 and Olufunso O. Abosede4
1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Otuoke, Yenagoa Bayelsa State, Nigeria
2Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden
3Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, United States
4Department of Chemistry, Federal University Otuoke, Yenagoa Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Chapter 9. The Synthesis of Oxadiazole Derivatives as Potential Glucosidase Inhibitors
Ramesh S. Gani
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, India


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