Advances in Biology. Volume 4


Charles D. Grant (Editor)

Series: Advances in Biology
BISAC: SCI008000

This volume contains twelve chapters that detail advances in biology. Chapter One discusses non-surgical treatment for periodontal diseases. Chapter Two develops a comprehensive understanding of the influence of metal pollution on ecosystem disturbance. In Chapter Three transcriptome analyses were conducted using the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 exposed to severe salinity and antibiotic stresses. Chapter Four presents a description of plant lectins, in relation to structure, localization, heterologous expression, detection and purification methods, biological activity, and biotechnological applications. Chapter Five discusses the use of methods of multivariate statistics in order to identify significant differences between the histochemical activity of enzymes of the skin glands of laboratory and wild rats. Chapter Six proposes fucoidan as a promising nutraceutical to improve gastrointestinal function. Chapter Seven discusses functions of α-SMA in HSC activation and its potential as a therapeutic target for antifibrotic therapy. Chapter Eight describes the audiovestibular disorders in children with Cytomegalovirus. Chapter Nine explains loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Chapter Ten studies the effect of short-term liquid nitrogen storage of seeds on the germination, phenotypic characteristics, phenolics compounds, soluble sugar and protein contents in L. leucocephala. Chapter Eleven reviews the biological properties of Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and summarizes the current knowledge of the function of S1P in macrophage biology. Lastly, Chapter Twelve explains the structure of the neutrino halo of a chicken egg.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment II: Scaling and Root Planing
Luis V. Maita Véliz, L. Mariano Maita Castañeda and Maria Castañeda Mosto
Faculty of Dentistry, National University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru

Chapter 2. The Impact of Metal Pollution on Biodiversity
Samir Ghannem¹, PhD, Tahani El Ayari¹, PhD, Raja Ben Ahmed², MA and Samir Touaylia¹, MC
¹University of Carthage, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, Laboratory of Environment Bio-Monitoring, Bizerte, Tunisia
²University of El Manar, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Department of Biology, Ecology, Biology and Physiology of Aquatic Organisms Laboratory, Tunis, Tunisia

Chapter 3. A Transcriptome Analysis of the Model Cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 under Severe Salinity and Antibiotic Stress Conditions
Hakuto Kageyama¹,², Takashi Hibino¹,² and Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha³
¹Graduate School of Environmental and Human Sciences, Meijo University, Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
²Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Meijo University, Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
³Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand

Chapter 4. The Characterization and Biological Activity of Plant Lectins: A Review
Ludmila Maria Gonçalves Godoi de Camargos, MS, Débora de Oliveira Lopes, PhD and Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro, PhD
Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Chapter 5. The Use of Multivariate Statistical Methods in the Analysis of Histoenzymatic Activity of the Skin Glands in Rats
A. B. Kiladze and N. K. Dzhemukhadze
Laboratory of Ecology, Physiology and Functional Morphology of Higher Vertebrates, A. N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Chapter 6. The Health Benefits of Fucoidan in Improving Gastrointestinal Function
Aparna Kannan and Anisha G. S.
Post-Graduate and Research Department of Zoology, Government College for Women, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Chapter 7. The Roles of Actin Cytoskeleton in Hepatic Stellate Cell Activation and Liver Fibrosis
Archittapon Nokkeaw¹,²,³, Pannathon Thamjamrassri¹,²,³, Pisit Tangkijvanich¹,² and Chaiyaboot Ariyachet¹,²
¹Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
²Center of Excellence in Hepatitis and Liver Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
³Medical Biochemistry Program, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Chapter 8. Audiovestibular Disorders in Children with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infections
Virginia Corazzi, Cecilia Albi, Claudio Moretti, Chiara Bianchini and Andrea Ciorba
ENT & Audiology Unit, Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy

Chapter 9. Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification: An Overview and Its Applications
Ranjita Chatterjee¹, Sourabh Sulabh¹, Ritu Varshney² and Rajat Varshney³
¹Department of Animal Science, Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol, West Bengal, India
²Biological Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar, Gujrat, India
³Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, RGSC, Banaras Hindu University, Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 10. Short-Term Liquid Nitrogen Storage of Leucaena leucocephala Seeds and Phenotypic, Phytochemical and Biochemical Analyses in 21-Day-Old Seedlings
Sara Thamires Dias da Fonseca¹, MS, Mairon César Coimbra², PhD and Ana Hortência Fonsêca Castro², PhD
¹Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
²Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Chapter 11. Sphingosine-1-phosphate and Its Receptors Modulate Changes of Macrophages
During Stimulation
Zihan Deng¹, Tingwen Xiang² and Yueqi Chen¹
¹Department of Orthopedics, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, People’s Republic of China
²College of Basic Medical Science, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, People’s Republic of China

Chapter 12. The Structure of the Neutrino Halo (Bio Field) of a Chicken Egg
Kristina Zubow¹, Anatolij Zubow² and Viktor Zubow¹
¹R&D, Zubow Consulting (NPO), Peenehagen, Germany
²Department of Telecommunication Networks Group, TU, Berlin, Germany


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