Advances in Arterial Stiffness Research

Becky Chavez (Editor)

Series: New Developments in Medical Research
BISAC: MED010000

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This book provides current research advances on arterial stiffness. Chapter One addresses the pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and total pulmonary vascular capacitance (Cp) product of the pulmonary circulation as a global estimate of right ventricular (RV) afterload, the assessment of the local arterial stiffness indices and its relationship with PVR and Cp, and finally, reviews the cause-effect relationships between large/conduit stiffening and distal/resistive vascular disease. Chapter Two discusses local and regional arterial stiffness measurement in clinical practice. Chapter Three reviews the processes involved in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffness in COPD, and the possible role of COPD therapy in vascular alterations. Chapter Four reviews links between bone turnover, vascular calcifications and arterial stiffness. Chapter Five examines ambulatory arterial stiffness index during pregnancy in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Chapter Six provides a review on the pulse wave velocity and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients on renal replacement therapy. Chapter Seven focuses on the higher arterial stiffness related to blood pressure overresponse to arm and leg resistance exercises in elderly individuals. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Chapter 1. Pulmonary Arterial Stiffness: Toward a Predictor of PAH and a Key Parameter to Make PH Reversible
Juan C Grignola, Antonio Roman and Enric Domingo (Dept Pathophysiology, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la República, Uruguay, and others)

Chapter 2. Local and Regional Arterial Stiffness Measurement in Clinical Practice
Iana Simova, Maurizio Galderisi, Tzvetana Katova, Dimitar Simov, and Nikolay Dimitrov (Cardiology Department, City Clinic – University Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria, and others)

Chapter 3. Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Is There a Common Pathway for Vascular and Pulmonary Involvement?
Adriana Albu (2nd Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Iuliu Hatieganu” Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

Chapter 4. Wnt Osteoblast Pathway and Ostoprotegerin: Links between Bone Turnover, Vascular Calcifications and Arterial Stiffness
Eirini Stavrinou, Charalambos Koumaras and Aikaterini Papagianni (Department of Nephrology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece)

Chapter 5. Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index during Pregnancy in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Finn F. Lauszus, Hanine Fadel Mustafa Al-Far, Ingvild Tjessem, Ole W. Rasmussen, and Jens Fuglsang (Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Herning, Denmark, and others)

Chapter 6. Pulse Wave Velocity and Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Patients on Renal Replacement Therapy
Vaia D. Raikou (1st Dept. of Medicine - Propaedaetic, National and Kapodistrian Universityof Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece)

Chapter 7. Higher Arterial Stiffness Related to Blood Pressure Overresponse to Arm and Leg Resistance Exercises in Elderly Individuals
Takeshi Otsuki and Takahiro Kotato (Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Ryutsu Keizai University, Ryugasaki, Ibraki, Japan, and others)

Index

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