Advanced Nanocomposites: Types, Properties and Applications

Olgun Guven (Editor)
Chemistry Department, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Abel Maharramov
Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan

Mahammadali Ramazanov
Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan

Mohammad Reza Saboktakin
Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology
BISAC: TEC027000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The field of nanotechnology is one of the most popular areas for current research and development in basically all technical disciplines. This obviously includes polymer science and technology, and even in this field the investigations cover a broad range of topics. This would include microelectronics (which could now be referred to as nanoelectronics) as the critical dimension scale for modern devices now below 100 nm. Other areas include polymer-based biomaterials, nanoparticle drug delivery, miniemulsion particles, fuel cell electrode polymer bound catalysts, layer-by-layer self-assembled polymer films, electrospun nanofibers, imprint lithography, polymer blends and nanocomposites.

Even in the field of nanocomposites, many diverse topics exist including composite reinforcement, barrier properties, flame resistance, electro-optical properties, cosmetic applications and bactericidal properties. Nanotechnology is not new to polymer science as prior studies before the age of nanotechnology involved nanoscale dimensions, but were not specifically referred to as nanotechnology until recently. Nanoparticles are defined as particulate dispersions or solid particles with a size in the range of 10-1000nm. The drug is dissolved, entrapped, encapsulated or attached to a nanoparticle matrix. Depending upon the method of preparation, nanoparticles, nanospheres or nanocapsules can be obtained. Nanocapsules are systems in which the drug is confined to a cavity surrounded by a unique polymer membrane, while nanospheres are matrix systems in which the drug is physically and uniformly dispersed. Nanotechnology offers unique approaches to probe and control a variety of biological and medical processes that occur at nanometer length scales, and is expected to have a revolutionary impact on biology and medicine.

Among the approaches for exploiting nanotechnology in medicine, nanoparticles offer some unique advantages as sensing, image enhancement and delivery agents. Several varieties of nanoparticles with biomedical relevance are available including, polymeric nanoparticles, metal nanoparticles, liposomes, micelles, quantum dots, dendrimers and nanoassemblies. To further the application of nanoparticles in disease diagnosis and therapy, it is important that the systems are biocompatible and capable of being functionalized for recognition of specific target sites in the body after systemic administration. We have discussed the novel nanocomposites and nanoparticles from various applications and drug delivery systems for cancer therapy. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

About the Authors

Chapter 1. What are Nanocomposites?

Chapter 2. Types of Nanoparticles

Chapter 3. Nanoparticle Applications

Chapter 4. pH-Sensitive Drug Delivery Hydrogels and Nanogels

Chapter 5. Magnetic Nanoparticles for Cancer Therapy

Chapter 6. Nanoparticles Based on Dendrimers

Chapter 7. Conductive Nanocomposites for Coating

Chapter 8. Metallic Nanocomposites

Chapter 9. Biological and Biomedical Nanoparticles

Chapter 10. Nanoparticles for Photodynamic Therapy

Index

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