Activism, Campaigning and Political Discourse on Twitter

Innocent Chiluwa (Editor)
Department of Languages & General Studies, Covenant University, OTA, Nigeria

Gwen Bourvier (Editor)
Department of Media Studies, Maynooth University, Ireland

Series: Media and Communications – Technologies, Policies and Challenges
BISAC: COM060140

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Social media has increasingly become a strong factor that shapes how we communicate about social and political ideas. And it has been argued that Twitter and other social media platforms empower voices that were previously marginalized, hold governments accountable and provides opportunities for individuals to network and campaign to achieve social and political reforms.

In this collection of chapters, authors from different academic disciplines, coming from different social and political backgrounds and experiences have explored the increasing transformative potentials of Twitter for group advocacy. The chapters further illustrate how Twitter serves as a forum for spreading awareness and information on social events, as well as for social activism and political discourse.
Some of the topics explored include: Understanding the potential of Twitter for political activism; Digital Trump and conflict: A multi-method analysis; The use of Twitter as complementary press on the disappearance of the Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370; Constructing transnational identity through Twitter activism: A discourse study of #FGM; LGBT social media activism in India; Online activism in Mali: a study of digital discourses of the Movement for the Liberation of Azawad; Sousveilance Twitter: activists’ pro-democracy governance from below in Middle East; Twitter’s ethics of freedom in the aftermath of November 2015 Paris attacks through the lens of the anonymous collective, etc.

This collection of chapters written by experts, and budding academics from different disciplines, will be an invaluable handbook and serves as resource materials for students, scholars and practitioners of Communication, Political Science and International Relations, Law, Linguistics, Journalism and Media Studies.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Understanding the Potential of Twitter for Political Activism
(Gwen Bouvier and Le Cheng, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland, and others)

Chapter 2. The ‘Premotion’ of Political Discourse on Twitter: Promotional and Emotional Strategies of Communicating and Campaigning
(Pietro Luigi Iaia, Department of Humanities, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy)

Chapter 3. Digital Trump and Conflict: A Multi-Method Analysis
(Tedla Desta, Edward M. Kennedy Institute, Maynooth University, Ireland)

Chapter 4. Public Sphere, Counterpublics, and the Managed Public: The Use of Twitter as Complementary Press on the Disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370
(Shushu Li, School of Education, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom)

Chapter 5. Trump’s Tweets: Computer-Mediated Communication Cues as Indicators for Paralinguistic Digital Affordances on Political Social Media
(Christa L. Jennings, Department of Communication, Purdue University, Fort Wayne, Indiana, US)

Chapter 6. Constructing Transnational Identity through Twitter Activism: A Discourse Study of #EndFGM
(Isioma Maureen Chiluwa and Olaniyi T. Ayodele, Department of Languages and General Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria, and others)

Chapter 7. Social Media and LGBT Activism in India
(Paromita Pain, Reynolds School of Journalism, University of Reno, Nevada)

Chapter 8. How Women in Turkey Bring Feminist Movement to a New Level on Twitter: The Case of Women Theatre Performers
(Çiğdem Erdal, Department of Cinema-TV, Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Turkey)

Chapter 9. Hashtag Activism and Democratization in Nigeria: A Study of the #Occupy Nigeria and #Bringbackourgirls Twitter Movements
(Floribert Patrick C. Endong, Department of Theater, Film and Carnival Studies, University of Calabar, Nigeria)

Chapter 10. Don’t Dare Call It a Coup: Twitter Discourses on the Fall of Robert Mugabe
(Allen Munoriyarwa, Department of Journalism, Film and Television, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa)

Chapter 11. Online Activism in Mali: A Study of Digital Discourses of the Movement for the Liberation of Azawad
(Innocent Chiluwa, Department of Languages & General Studies, Covenant University, OTA
Nigeria)

Chapter 12. Networked Authoritarianism in Turkey: JDP’s Political Trolling and Astroturfing
(Mustafa Cem OĞUZ and Ozhan Demirkol, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Turkey)

Chapter 13. Sousveilance Twitter: Challenges to Pro-Democracy Governance from below in the Middle East
(Helia Asgari and Katharine Sarikakis, Department of Communication, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria)

Chapter 14. From Free Speech to Freed Speech: Twitter’s Ethics of Freedom in the Aftermath of November 2015 Paris Attacks through the Lens of the Anonymous Collective
(M. Sébastien Moutte, Department of sociology, TTSD, Lersem, University of Paul Valery
Montpellier, France)

About the Authors

Index

“This timely, truly international volume looks beyond the potential for social action afforded by Twitter for political activism, to critically interrogate how – and how effectively – its affordances are actually being exploited across a range of frontline contexts, from ‘digital Trump’ to LGBT activism in India and political trolling in Turkey. Essential reading for anyone interested in the role of discourse in contemporary political activism.” - Dr. Caroline Tagg, The Open University, Milton Keynes

“A truly global collection of essays on Twitter activism in many parts of the world, featuring scholars from USA, Austria, China, Ireland, France, Nigeria, Turkey, South Africa, and more! Highly recommended for students and researchers interested in digital activism and global communication.” - Professor Guobin Yang, University of Pennsylvania

Keywords: Social media, Twitter, discourse, activism, protest, campaigning, political discourse

This book will be very helpful as a handbook to students, scholars and professionals in communication, journalism, international affairs, political science, linguistics and social media studies.

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