Acne: Etiology, Treatment Options and Social Effects

Mohamed Lotfy Taha Elsaie, MD (Editor)
Dermatology, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Series: Dermatology – Laboratory and Clinical Research
BISAC: HEA003000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Although many dermatological diseases are not life threatening, they pose a unique challenge to the human psyche. Cutaneous disease carries a distinctive psychosocial burden in that patients who suffer from these diseases are often unable to hide their condition from public scrutiny. Specifically, acne vulgaris is a ubiquitous disease with a known potential to cause significant psychological repercussions. Acne is the leading cause for visits to a dermatologist and affects more than 80 percent of adolescents. Acne can affect up to 50.9 percent of women and 42.5 percent of men throughout their 20s and can continue to occur throughout adulthood. Between 30 to 50 percent of adolescents experience psychological difficulties associated with acne, including body image concerns, embarrassment, social impairment, anxiety, frustration, anger, depression and poor self-esteem.

Additionally, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts related to the negative psychosocial impacts of acne have also been documented. Not only does acne result in emotional distress, the anxiety evoked by having acne can aggravate the skin condition itself, thereby creating a vicious cycle. Acne is the most common problem that presents to dermatologists. Although acne does not cause direct physical impairment, it can produce a significant psychosocial burden. Acne commonly involves the face. Facial appearance represents an important aspect of one’s perception of body image. Therefore, it is not surprising that a susceptible individual with facial acne may develop significant psychosocial disability. As part of the emotional impact, increased levels of anxiety, anger, depression and frustration are observed in patients with acne.

Acne’s consequences can prove very traumatic for adolescent patients. This suggests that the impact of acne can be more serious for patients than most clinicians think it can be. Thus, it is more important to focus on the subjective perception in managing acne patients, irrespective of the objective severity. Our book highlights and tackles several aspects of acne and magnifies the importance of screening for psychosocial problems in those who present for management of acne. It is important for all health service workers to be cautious about psychological morbidity in young people. Dermatologists should be especially aware of the importance of basic psychosomatic treatment in conjunction with medical treatment in the management of acne. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Chapter 1. Acne: A Review on Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Treatment Options
(Richa Sharma and Namrita Lall, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa)

Chapter 2. Acne: Pathogenesis, Therapy and Social Effects
(Gabriella Fabbrocini, Sara Cacciapuoti, Dario Bianca and Giuseppe Monfrecola, Section of Dermatology, Department of Medicine and Surgery University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)

Chapter 3. Selected Thai Medicinal Plant for The Treatment of Acne: Garcinia mangostana Linn
(Panupon Khumsupan and Wandee Gritsanapan, Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand)

Chapter 4. Acne and IGF-I: A Fascinating Hypothesis
(Elena Guanziroli, Laura Maffeis and Mauro Barbareschi, Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Dermatological Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS, Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy)

Chapter 5. Melanocortin-1 and -5 Receptors as Targets for Acne Therapy
(Wen-Hwa Li, Li Zhang and Miri Seiberg, The Johnson & Johnson Skin Research Center, CPPW, a Unit of Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc., Skillman, NJ, USA)

Chapter 6. Psychosocial and Emotional Aspects of Acne: The Need for a Psychosomatic Approach To Management
(K. Stephen and A. G. Affleck, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom)

Chapter 7. Light Cautery in the Treatment of Closed Comedones
(V. Bettoli, S. Zauli and A. Virgili, Section of Dermatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Italy)

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