A Systems Approach to the Psychosomatics of Stuttering

Zbigniew Tarkowski
Head of Department of Pathology and Rehabilitation of Speech, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

Series: Speech and Language Disorders
BISAC: MED007000

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The publication begins with a long interview with a PWS, which is a unique way of introducing the systems approach to the psychosomatics of stuttering. Various aspects of the approach are presented in four chapters, each ending with a bibliography. Chapter One, which is entitled “Stuttering from the Psychosomatic Perspective” discusses the new approach to this speech disorder and its consequences for the diagnostic and therapeutic process. Stuttering is regarded as more than just a speech fluency disorder, but is also regarded as a psychosomatic disorder, and treating its chronic form as a disease can be justified. Chapter Two, called “Inspirations” explores the relationships between communicative stress, increased muscle tension and changeability of stuttering.

This is a fundamental issue that most theories fail to explain. Furthermore, the chapter contrasts early childhood stuttering with selective mutism in order to present similarities and differences between the two disorders. The author attempts to explain why stuttering is more common among boys and selective mutism among girls. Chapter Three – “The Author’s Own Research” offers results of many years of research on stuttering in preschool, school and adult age, along with an in-depth discussion of these. The results have been summarised in the form of a model of stuttering from the systems perspective. Chapter Four, called “Systems Therapy of Stuttering” refers to the previous chapters and presents the author’s therapeutic approach to early childhood stuttering, school age stuttering and chronic stuttering, which are different from one another. The chapter also discusses currently used methods of therapy.

Preface

Chapter 1. Stuttering from the Psychosomatic Perspective

Chapter 2. Inspirations

Chapter 3. Research Done by the Author

Chapter 4. Systems Therapy of Stuttering

Literature

“The book presents an inspiring concept of stuttering understood as a psychosomatic disorder which is a system of biopsychosocial relations. Relationships between communicative stress, muscle tension and changeability of stuttering are particularly intriguing. Comparison of early childhood stuttering and selective mutism leads to interesting conclusions, and so does presentation of the results of the author’s own research, unfamiliar to a Western reader. The book also offers a new concept of therapy of stuttering.” - Ewa Humeniuk, Professor, PhD, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

The problem of stuttering cannot be resolved without adopting a transdisciplinary approach, which is exemplified by Tarkowski’s systems idea of stuttering as a psychosomatic disorder. The Author attempts to explain changeability of the disorder with a constellation of physiological, linguistic, psychological and social factors. His concept and research results are inspiring and worth the attention of both theoreticians and pracititioners. - Viktor Lechta ,PhD, Professor , Dr h.c., Slovakia

This new book is extreme lucid and very exciting exposition of knowledge accessible for all readers. It can be very useful source of knowledge for the professionals as well as for all people who manifest of stuttering. Psychosomatic approach in this field is very fruitful solution, because this way of analysis and research shows how effective in this matter can be systemic approach. The emotional, cognitive and social components are involved in process of diagnosis and therapy. It will be of course invaluable source of inspirations for all who are engaged in the interdisciplinary studies concerning such complicated communication difficulties. - Tadeusz Gałkowski , PhD , Professor, Head of Chair of Developmental Psychology and Education, University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw, Honorary President of the Polish Committee of Audiophonology, Poland

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