A Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector

Dalia Streimikiene
Vilnius University, Kaunas Faculty of Humanities, Lithuania

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI024000

Clear

$195.00

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

eBook

Digitally watermarked, DRM-free.
Immediate eBook download after purchase.

Product price
Additional options total:
Order total:

Quantity:

Browse Wishlist
Browse Wishlist

Details

Sustainability assessment is the core instrument for implementing sustainable development targets. The energy sector is playing a crucial role in achieving sustainable development in the country, as energy consumption is the main driver of economic growth; it also has the biggest environmental impact, and therefore sustainability assessment in the energy sector requires special attention.

Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector consists of seven chapters: in the first chapter, the sustainability concept is described; in the second chapter, sustainability assessment concepts are reviewed and discussed; in the third chapter, sustainability assessment tools and methods are summarized and described; in the fourth chapter, the main problems of sustainable energy development are addressed; in the fifth chapter, externalities in the energy sector are introduced; in the sixth chapter, sustainability assessment tools applicable to the energy sector are categorized; and finally, in the seventh chapter, practical examples of sustainability assessment in the energy sector are provided by covering sustainability assessment of electricity and district heat generation technologies.

These methods include the assessment of external costs of electricity generation, sustainability assessment of electricity and transport technologies based on the GHG emission costs and carbon intensities of these technologies. The final chapter also discusses the sustainability assessment of policies and measures for energy sector development scenarios. The book was prepared by summarizing research findings in the field of sustainability assessment in the energy sector, which was conducted by the author of this book over a period of ten years.

Introduction

Chapter 1. The Concept of Sustainability

Chapter 2. The Concept of Sustainability Assessment

Chapter 3. The Tools of Sustainability assessment

Chapter 4. Sustainable Energy and Sustainability in the Energy Sector

Chapter 5. Energy Externalities

Chapter 6. Tools of Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector

Chapter 7. Practical Examples of Sustainability Assessment in the Energy Sector

Conclusions

References

[1] Adriaanse, A. (1993). Environmental Policy Performance Indicators. A Study on the Development of Indicators for Environmental Policy in the Netherlands. SDV Publishers, The Hague.
[2] Afgan, N. H., Gobaisi, D. A., Carvalho, M. G., Cumo, M. (1998). Sustainable energy development. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2, 235-286.
[3] Alanne, K., Saari, A. (2006). Distributed energy generation and sustainable development. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 10, 539–558.
[4] Alyami, Sh., Rezgui, Y., Kwan, A. (2013). Developing sustainable building assessments cheme for Saudi Arabia: delphi consultation approach. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 27, 43-54.
[5] Arrow, K., Boling, B., Costanza, R., Dasgupta, P., Folke, C., Holling, S., Jansson, B. O., Levin, S., Mäler, K. G., Perrings, C., Pimentel, D. (1995). Economic growth, carrying capacity and the environment. Science 268, 520-521.
[6] Arslan, R., Ulusoy, Y., Tekin, Y., Sürmen, A. (2010). An evaluation of the alternative transport fuel policies for Turkey, Energy Policy, 38(6), 3030–3037.
[7] Atkinson, G. D., Dubourg, R., Hamilton, K., Munasignhe, M., Pearce, D. W., Young, C. (1997). Measuring Sustainable Development: Macroeconomics and the Environment. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
[8] ATSE (2009). The Hidden Costs of Electricity: Externalities of Power Generation in Australia. A report by the Australian Academy of Technological Science and Engineering. Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
[9] Balezentiene, L., Streimikiene, D., Balezentis, T., (2013). Fuzzy decision support methodology for sustainable energy crop selection. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 17, 83-93.
[10] Baležentis, A., Baležentis, T., Misiūnas, A. (2012a). An integrated assessment of Lithuanian economic sectors based on financial ratios and fuzzy MCDM methods. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 18(1), 34–53.
[11] Baležentis, A., Baležentis, T., Brauers, W. K. M. (2012b). Personnel selection based on computing with words and fuzzy Multimoora. Expert Systems with Applications 39(9), 7961–7967.
[12] Barin, L. N. Canha, A. da Rosa Abaide, Magnago, K. F. (2009). Selection of storage energy technologies in a power quality scenario - The AHP and the fuzzy logic in Proc. 35th Annual Conference of IEEE on Industrial Electronics, Porto.
[13] Barker, T., Köhler, J. (1998). Equity and eco tax reform in the EU: achieving a 10 per cent reduction CO2 emissions using excise duties. Fiscal Studies, 19(4), 375-402.
[14] Barton, H., Davis, G., Guise, R. (1995). Sustainable Settlements: a Guide for Planners, Designers and Developers. University of the West of England and the Local Government Management Board, Bristol.
[15] Barton, H., Grant, M., Guise, R. (2003). Shaping Neighbourhoods a Guide for Health, Sustainability and Vitality. Spon, London.
[16] Bauen, A. (2007). Reporting the Carbon Intensity of Biofuels under the RTFO. London, UK.
[17] Bayindir-Upmann, T., Raith, M. G. (2003). European Economic Review, 47 (1), 41-60.
[18] Bebbington, J., Brown, J., Frame, B., (2007). Accounting technologies and sustainability assessment models. Ecological Economics 61, 224-236.
[19] Beccali, M., Cellura, M., Mistretta, M. 2003. Decision-making in energy planning. Application of the electre method at regional level for the diffusion of renewable energy technology. Renew Energy 28, 2063-2087.
[20] BEQUEST (2012). BEQUEST Toolkit. http://www.surveying.sal ford. ac.
[21] Begic, F., Afghan, N. H., (2007). Sustainability Assessment tool for the decision making in the energy system - Bosnian case. Energy 32, 1979-1985.
[22] Behrens, A., Egenhofer, C. (2007). An initial assessment of policy options to reduce - and secure against - the costs of energy insecurity. In CASES WP5 Report (2) on Policy Assessment of Energy Security Measures Incorporating Externality Measures. Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels.
[23] Bellman, R. E., Zadeh, L. A., (1970). Decision-making in a fuzzy environment. Management science 17, B-141-B-164.
[24] Bhattarai, M. and Hammig, M. (2001). Institutions and the Environmental Kuznets Curve for deforestation: a cross-country analysis for Latin America, Africa, and Asia. World Development

29 (6), 995–1010.
[25] Bohringer, C., Jochem, P. E. P. (2007). Measuring the immeasurable—a survey of sustainability indices. Ecological Economics 63, 1-8.
[26] Booysen, F. (2002). An overview and evaluation of composite indices of development. Social Indicators Research 59, 115-151.
[27] Bonser, D. (2002) Nuclear Now for Sustainable Development. Annual Symposium 2002. The World Nuclear Association.
[28] Borghesi, S. and Vercelli A. (2003). Sustainable globalisation. Ecological Economics 44(1), 77- 89.
[29] Bossel, H., (1999). Indicators for Sustainable Development: Theory, Method, Applications. A Report to the Balaton Group. IISD, Canada.
[30] Bovenberg, L., Goulder, L. H. (1996). Optimal environmental taxation in the presence of other taxes: General-equilibrium analysis. American Economic Review, 86(4), 985–1000.
[31] Brookes, A., Eales, R., Fisher, J., Foan, C. T. R. C. (2001). An approach to integrated appraisal progress by the environment agency in England and Wales. J Environ Assess Policy Manag 3(1), 95-122.
[32] Brandon, P. S., Lombardi, P. and Bentivegna, V. (eds.) (1997). Evaluation of the Built Environment for Sustainability. Chapman and Hall, London.
[33] Brandon, P. S. and Lombardi, P. (2011). Evaluating Sustainable Development in the Built Environment (2nd Ed.). Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ.
[34] Brauers, W. K. M., Zavadskas, E. K., (2006). The MOORA method and its application to privatization in a transition economy. Control and Cybernetics 35, 445-469.
[35] Brauers, W. K. M., Zavadskas, E. K. (2010). Project management by MULTIMOORA as an instrument for transition economies. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 5-24.
[36] Brown, M. A., Sovacool, B. K. (2007) Developing an “Energy Sustainability Index” to Evaluate American Energy Policy. Working Paper 18, School of Public Policy Georgia Institute of Technology.
[37] Brown, M. (2001). Market failures and barriers as a basis for clean energy policies. Energy Policy 29, 1197–1207.
[38] Brown, N., Rappert, B., Webster, A. (eds.) (2000). Contested Futures. A Sociology of Prospective Techno-Science. Ashgate, Burlington.
[39] Buytaert, V., Muys, B., Devriendt, N., Pelkmans, L., Kretzschmar, J. G., Samson, R. (2011). Towards integrated sustainability assessment for energetic use of biomass: a state of the art evaluation of assessment tools. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 15, 3918-3933.
[40] Brown-Weiss, E. (1989). In Rairness to Future Generations. International Law, Common Patrimony and Intergenerational Equity. Transnational Publishers, New York.
[41] Burton, E. (2000). The compact city: just or just compact?
A preliminary analysis. Urban Studies 37, 1969–2001.
[42] Bukarica, V., Vrhovcak, M. B. (2006). Renewable Energy Policy in Croatia: Current Status and Future Activities. World Renewable Energy Congress Hrvatskaznanst-vena bibliografijai MZOS-Svibor.
[43] Carley, S. (2009). Distributed generation: an empirical analysis of primary motivators. Energy Policy 37, 1648–1659.
[44] CASES, Cost Assessment of Sustainable Energy Systems, (2006a). Cross Country Comparison of the Case Studies under WP7. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[45] CASES, Cost Assessment of Sustainable Energy System, (2006b). D 3.2 Deliverable. Report on the Monetary Valuation of Energy Related Impacts on Land Use Changes, Acidification, Eutrophication, Visual Intrusion and Climate Change. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[46] CASES, Cost Assessment of Sustainable Energy System, (2007).

Work Package 3 Report. The Avoidance Costs of GHG Damage: Meta Analysis. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[47] CASES, Cost Assessment of Sustainable Energy System, (2008). Development of a Set of Full Cost Estimates of the Use of Different Energy Sources and Its Comparative Assessment in EU Countries. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[48] Chan, E., Lee, G. K. L. (2008). Critical factors for improving social sustainability of urban renewal projects. Social Indicators Research 85, 243–256.
[49] Chiu, R. L. (2002). Social equity in housing in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: a social sustainability perspective. Sustainable Development 10, 155–162.
[50] Choudhury, N. (2014). Legality and legitimacy of public involvement in infrastructure planning: observations from hydropower projects in India. J Environ Plan Manag 57, 297-315.
[51] Colleman, J. (1990). Foundation of Social Theory. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.
[52] Common, M., Stagl, S. (2005). Ecological Economics. An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
[53] Constanza, R., Daly, H. E. (1992). Natural capital and sustainable development. Concervation Biology 6, 454-464.
[54] Cossent, R., Gomeza, T., Friasa, P. (2009). Towards a future with large penetration of distributed generation: is the current regulation of electricity distribution ready? Regulatory recommendations under a European perspective. Energy Policy 37 (3), 1145–1155.
[55] Ciegis, R., Streimikiene, D., Zavadskas, E. (2008). The use of the environmental Kuznets curve: environmental and economic implications. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 33(2/3).
[56] Cole, M. A. (2004). Trade, the pollution haven hypothesis and the environmental Kuznets curve: examining the linkages. Ecological Economics 48, 71–81.
[57] Cole, M. A., Rayner, A. J. and Bates, J. M. (1997). The environmental Kuznets curve: an empirical analysis. Environment and Development Economics 2, 401–416.
[58] Curwell, S., Deakin, M., Symes, M. (eds.) (2005). Sustainable Urban Development: The Framework, Protocols and Environmental Assessment Methods. Vol. 1. Routledge, Oxford.
[59] Dalal-Clayton, B., Sadler, B. (2004). Sustainability Appraisal: a Review of International Experience and Practice. First draft of work in progress. International Institute for Environment and Development.
[60] Daly, H. (1991). Towards an environmental economics. Land Economics, 67(2), 255-259.
[61] Dasgupta, P. S., Heal, G. (1974). The optimal depletion of exhaustible resources. In Review of Economic Studies Symposium, Economics of Exhaustible Resources, 3-28.
[62] Dasgupta, S., Laplante, B., Wang, H. and Wheeler, D. (2002). Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve’. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16, 147–168.
[63] Datkov, D., Effenberger, M. (2010). Data envelopment analysis for assessing the efficiency of biogas plants: capabilities and limitations. J Process Energy Agric 14, 49-53.
[64] Deakin, M., Curwell, S. and Lombardi, P. (2001). BEQUEST: Sustainability assessment, the framework and directory of methods. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 6(6), 373-390.
[65] De Bruyn, S. (2002). Dematerialization and rematerialization as two recurring phenomena of industrial ecology. In Ayres, R. U., Ayres, L. W. (eds.), A Handbook of Industrial Ecology. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 209-222.
[66] De Bruyn, S. M., van den Bergh, J. C. J. M., Opschoor, J. B. (1998). Economic growth and emissions: reconsidering the empirical basis of the Environmental Kuznets Curves. Ecological Economics 25(2), 161–175.
[67] DeCanio, S. J., (1998). The efficiency paradox: bureaucratic and organizational barriers to profitable energy-saving investments. Energy Policy 26 (5), 441–454.
[68] DeCanio, S. J. (1993). Barriers within firms to energy-efficient investments. Energy Policy 21(9), 906.
[69] Demsey, N., Bramley, G., Power, S., Brown, C. (2009). The social dimension of sustainable development: Defining urban social sustainability. Sustainable Development 19 (5), 289–300.
[70] De Paepe, M., D’Herdt, P., Mertens, D. (2006). Micro-CHP systems for residential applications. Energy Conversion and Management 47(18–19), 3435-3446.
[71] Dewan, H. (2006). Sustainability Index. An Economic Perspective.
[72] Devuyst, D. (1999). Sustainability assessment: The application of a methodological framework. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 1(4), 459-487.
[73] Devuyst, D., Hens, L., De Lannoy, W. (2001). How Green Is the City?: Sustainability Assessment and the Management of Urban Environments. Columbia University Press, New York.
[74] Elghali, L., Clift, R., Sinclair, P., Panoutsou, C., Bauen, A. (2007). Developing a sustainability framework for the assessment of bioenergy systems. Energy Policy 35, 6075-6083.
[75] Dincer, I. (2000). Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 4,157-175.
[76] Dinda, S. (2004). Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis:
A Survey. Ecological Economics 49, 431-455.
[77] Ditz, D., Ranganathan, J., (1997). Measuring Up: Towards a Common Framework for Tracking Corporate Environmental Performance. World Resources Center, Washington, DC.
[78] DJSI, Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes, (2003). Corporate Sustainability Sector Overview, DJSI Industry Group Oil, Gas and Coal Companies.
[79] Dooyeweerd, H. (1968). In the Twilight of Western Thought. Craig Press, Nutley, NJ.
[80] Dooyerweerd, H. (1979). Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular and Christian Options. Wedge Publishing Company, Toronto.
[81] Dorini, G., Kapelan, Z., Azapagic, A. (2010). Managing uncertainty in multiple-criteria decision making related to sustainability assessment. Clean. Technol. Environ. Policy 13 (1), 133-139.
[82] Dunn, S. (2002). Hydrogen futures: toward a sustainable energy system. Journal of Hydrogen Energy 27(3), 235–64.
[83] Ecolane Transport Consultancy (2006). Life Cycle Assessment of Vehicle Fuels and Technologies. Borough of Camdem, London.
[84] Ediger, V. S., Hosgor, E., Surmeli, N. A., Tathdil, H. (2007). Fossil sustainability index: an application of resource management. Energy Policy 35, 2969-2977.
[85] Eggenberger, M., Partidario, MR. (2000). Development of a framework to assist the integration of environmental, social and economic issues in spatial planning. Impact Assess Proj Apprais 18 (3), 201-7.
[86] Ekins, P. (1997). The Kuznets curve for the environment and economic growth: examining the evidence. Environ. Plan 29, 805–830.
[87] Ekvall, T. (1999). Key methodological issues for life cycle inventory analysis of paper recycling. Journal of Cleaner Production 7, 281–294
[88] Elghali, L., Clift, R., Sinclair, P., Panoutsou, C., Bauen, A. (2007). Developing a sustainability framework for the assessment of bioenergy systems. Energy Policy 35, 6075-6083.
[89] Emam, K., Goldenson, D., McCurley, J., Herbsleb, J. (1998). Success or Failure? Modeling the Likelihood of Software Process Improvement. International Software Engineering Research Network. Technical Report ISERN-98-15.
[90] Erb, K. H., Gaube, V., Krausmann, F., Plutzar, C., Bondeau, A., Haberl, H. (2007). A comprehensive global 5 min resolution land-use dataset for the year 2000 consistent with national census data. Journal of Land Use Science 2(3), 191-224.
[91] Erdinc, O., Paterakis, N. G., Catalao, J. P. S. (2015). Overview of insular power systems under increasing penetration of renewable energy sources: opportunities and challenges. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 52, 333-46.
[92] Esty, D. C., Levy, M. A., Srebotnjak, T., de Sherbinin, A. (2005). Environmental Sustainability Index: Benchmarking National Environmental Stewardship. Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, New Haven.
[93] Evans, A., Strezov, V., Evans, T. J. (2009). Assessment of sustainability indicators for renewable energy technologies. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 13, 1082-1088.
[94] ExternE, (1999). Externalities of Energy, Vol. 7. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[95] ExternE, (2005). Externalities of Energy, Methodology 2005 Update. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[96] EUSUSTEL, (2007). European Sustainable Electricity; Comprehensive Analysis of Future European Demand and Generation of European Electricity and Its Security of Supply. Final technical report, Brussels, Belgium.
[97] NEEDS, (2007.) New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability. Environmental, Economic and Social Criteria and Indicators for Sustainability Assessment of Energy Technologies. Brussels, Belgium.
[98] Fagerberg, J. (2001). In: Lundvall, B., Archibugi, D. (eds.) Europeat the Crossroads: The Challenge from Innovation-Based Growth in the Globalising Learning Economy. Oxford Press.
[99] Fajik, B., Naim, H. A., (2007). Sustainability assessment for energy systems. Energy 32, 1979-1985.
[100] Farrell, A. E., Plevin, R. J., Turner, B. T., Jones, A. D., O’Hare, M., Kammen, D. M. (2006). Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science 311, 506–508.
[101] Faure, M., Skogh, G. (2003). The Economic Analysis of Environmental Policy and Law. An Introduction. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
[102] Fizal, M., (2007). An environmental assessment method for cleaner production technologies. Journal of Cleaner Production 15, 914-919.
[103] Franciscan Center of Environment Studies (1995). The Earth Chapter: A Contribution toward Its Realization. Roma, Italy.
[104] Friedrich, R. (2011). The “Externe” Methodology or Asssessing the Eco-Efficiency of Technologies. Journal of Industrial Ecology 15 (5), 668-671.
[105] Friedl, B. and Getzner, M. (2003). Determinants of CO2 emissions in a small open economy. Ecological Economics 45, 133-148.
[106] Fritsche, U. R., Lim, S. S. (2006). Comparison of GHG Emissions and Abatement Costs of Nuclear and Alternative Energy Options from a Life Cycle Perspective. Oko-Institut.
[107] Gallo, M. (2011). A fuel surcharge policy for reducing road traffic greenhouse gas emissions. Transport Policy, 18(2), 413–424.
[108] Govender, K., Hounsome, R., Weaver, A. (2005). Sustainability Assessment: Dressing up SEA? International Experience and Perspectives. SEA conference. International Association for Impact Assessment, Prague.
[109] Grunwald, A. (2008). Working towards sustainable development in the face of uncertainty and incomplete knowledge. J Environ Pol Plann 9(3), 245-262. [110] Grunwald, A., Rosch, Ch. (2011). Sustainability assessment of energy technologies: towards an integrative framework. Energy, Sustainability and Society 2011, 1-3.
[111] Hacking, T., Guthrie, P. (2007). A framework for clarifying the meaning of Triple Bottom-Line, Integrated, and Sustainability Assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 28, 73–89.
[112] Haralambopoulos, D., Polatidis, H. (2003). Renewable energy projects: structuring a multicriteria group decision-making framework. Renewable Energy 28, 961-73.
[113] Harrington, W., McConnell, V. (2003). Motor Vehicles and the Environment. REFR report.
[114] Hartwick, J. M. (1977). Intergenerational equity and the investing of rents from exhaustible resources. American Economic Review 67 (5), 972-974.
[115] Havbckova, K., Suchy, J. (2010). Development model for energy crop plantations in the Czech Republic for the years 2008-2030. Evans, A., Strezov, V., Evans, T. J. (2009). Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14, 1925-1936.
[116] Helio International (2006). Sustainable Energy Watch. Indicators and Rationale. http://helio-international.org/wp-content/uploads/ 2017/03/Ind- Descrip.EN_all-10.pdf.
[117] Hinnells, M. (2008). Combined heat and power in industry and buildings. Energy Policy 36, 4522–4526.
[118] Hirschberg, S., Dones, R. (2003). Interactive Presentations and Tools. CD included in Eliasson, B and Lee, Y. Y. (eds.) Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Energy Systems in China, The China Energy Technology Program. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London.
[119] Hirschberg, S., Dones, R., Burgherr, P., Heck, T., Schenler, W. (2004a). An Integrated Decision-support Tool for Sustainable Energy Supply. In Spitzer, C., Schmocker, U. and Dang, V. (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM7 – ESREL’04), Berlin, Germany, 13-18 June 2004, Vol. V, 2552-2557, Springer Verlag, London (UK).
[120] Hirschberg, S., Dones, R., Heck, T., Burgherr, P., Schenler, W., Bauer, C. (2004b). Sustainability of Electricity Supply Technologies under German Conditions: A Comparative Evaluation. GaBE. PSI-Report No.04-15. Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland.
[121] Hirschberg, S., Dones, R., Heck, T., Burgherr, W., Schenler, W., Bauer, C. (2006). Strength and weaknesses of current energy chains in a sustainable development perspective. Heft 7, 447-457.
[122] Hohmeyer, O. 1988. Social Costs of Energy Consumption. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
[123] Hwang, C., Yoon, K., (1981). Multiple Attribute Decision Making: Methods and Applications, a State of the Art Survey. In Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 186, Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Sprinnger-Verlag, New York, US.
[124] Gibson, R. (2001). Specification of Sustainability-Based Environmental Assessment Decision Criteria and Implications for Determining “Significance” in Environmental Assessment. Canadian

Environmental Assessment Agency Research and Developmnet Programme 46, Ottawa.
[125] Gibson, R. (2006). Beyond the pillars: sustainability assessment as a framework for effective integration of social, economic and ecological considerations in significant decision-making. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 8(3), 259-280.
[126] Gibson, R., Hassan, S., Holtz, S., Tansey J., Whitelaw, G. (2005). Sustainability Assessment: Criteria and Processes. Earthscan, London.
[127] Gluch, P., Baumann, H. (2004). The life cycle costing (LCC) approach: a conceptual discussion of its usefulness for environmental decision-making. Building and Environment 39, 571–580.
[128] Grossman, G. M. (1995). Pollution and growth: what do we know.’ In: I. Goldin and L. A. Winters (eds.) The Economics of Sustainable Development. Cambridge University Press, 19–45.
[129] Grossman, G. M. and Krueger, A. B. (1995). Economic growth and the environment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110, 353–377.
[130] Gujba, H., Mulugetta, Y., Azapagic, A., (2011). Power generation scenarios for Nigeria: an environmental and cost assessment. Energy Policy 39 (2), 968-980.
[131] Hart, M. (1999). Guide to Sustainable Community Indicators (2nd Ed.). Hart Environmental Data, North Andover, MA.
[132] Hilton, F. G. (2006). Poverty and pollution abatement: Evidence from lead phase-out. Ecological Economics 56, 125-131.
[133] Hirst, E., Brown, M. A. (1990). Closing the efficiency gap: barriers to the efficient use of energy. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 3, 267–281.
[134] Holtz-Eakin, D., Selden, T. M. (1995). Stoking the fires? CO2 emissions and economic growth. J. Public Econ. 57, 85–101.
[135] Horner, R. M. W. (2004). Assessment of Sustainability Tools. Report No. 15961. Building Research Establishment, Glasgow, UK.
[136] Heinrich, G., Basson, L., Cohen, B., Howells, M., Petrie, J., (2007). Ranking and selection of power expansion alternatives for multiple objectives under uncertainty. Energy 32, 2350-2369.
[137] Hwang, C. L. K., Yoon, K. (1981). Multiple Attribute Decision Making Methods and Applications. Springer – Verlag, Berlin.
[138] International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 2005. Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. Vienna, Austria.
[139] IPCC, (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Working group contribution to the fifth assessment report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York.
[140] IVM, Institute for Environmental Studies. (2011). Sustainability A - Test. http://www.sustainabilitya-test.net.
[141] Jaccard, M., Mao, Y. (2002). Making Markets Work Better. In Johansson, T. and J. Goldemberg (eds.) Energy for Sustainable Development. UNDP, New York.
[142] Jahanshahloo, G. R., Hosseinzadeh Lotfi, F., Izadikhah, M. (2006). An algorithmic method to extend TOPSIS for decision-making problems with interval data. Applied Mathematics and Computation 175(2), 1375-1384.
[143] Jahanshahloo, G. R., Hosseinzadeh Lotfi, F., Davoodi, A. R. (2009). Extension of TOPSIS for decision-making problems with interval data: Interval efficiency. Mathematical and Computer Modelling 49, 1137–1142.
[144] Jung, E. J., Kim, J. S., Rhee, S. K., (2001). The measurement of corporate environmental performance and its application to the analysis of efficiency in oil industry. Journal of Cleaner Production 9, 551-563.
[145] Kahrl, F., Williams, J., Jianhua, D., Junfeng, H. (2011). Challenges to China's transition to alow carbon electricity system. Energy Policy 39, 4032-4041.
[146] Keeney, R. L., Raiffa, H. (1993). Decisions with Multiple Objectives: Preferences and Value Trade-Offs. Cambridge, Cambridge university press.
[147] Keles, D., Most, D., Fichtner, W., (2011). The development of the German energy market until 2030 — A critical survey of selected scenarios. Energy Policy 39, 812—825.
[148] Kemmler, A., Spreng, D., (2007). Energy indicators for tracking sustainability in developing countries. Energy Policy 35, 2466-2480.
[149] Kersuliene, V., Zavadskas, E. K., Turskis, Z. (2010). Selection of rational dispute resolution method by applying new step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (Swara). Journal of Business Economics and Management 11, 243-258.
[150] Khan, F., Sadiq, R., Veitch, B., (2004). Life Cycle Index (LInX): a new indexing procedure for process and product design and decision-making. Journal of Cleaner Production 12, 59-76.
[151] Kickert, W. J., (1978). Fuzzy Theories on Decision Making: A Critical Review. Springer.
[152] Kirkpatrick, C., Lee, N. (2002). Further Development of the Methodology for a Sustainability Impact Assessment of Proposed WTO Negotiations. Final report. IDPM, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
[153] Krajnc, D., Glavic, P., (2005). A model for integrated assessment of sustainable development. Resource Conservation Recycling 43, 189-208.
[154] Kowalski, K., Stagl, S., Madlener, R., Omann, I., (2009). Sustainable energy futures: methodological challenges in combining scenarios and participatory multicriteria analysis. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 197(3), 1063-1074.
[155] Krylovas, A., Zavadskas, E. K., Kosareva, N., Dadelo, S. (2014). New KEMIRA Method for Determining Criteria Priority and Weights in Solving MCDM Problem. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making 13, 1119-1133.
[156] Kuznets, S. (1966). Modern Economic Growth: Rate, Structure and Speed. Yale University Press, New Haven.
[157] Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic growth and income inequality. The American Economic Review 45(1), 1-28.
[158] Lancaster, K. J. (1966). A new approach to consumer theory. Journal of Political Economy 84, 132-15.
[159] Lantz, V. and Feng, Q. (2006). Assessing income, population, and technology impacts on CO2 emissions in Canada: Where's the EKC?’ Ecological Economics 57, 229-238.
[160] Leipprand, A. (2007). Links between the Social and Environmental Pillars of Sustainable Development, Task 1D: Environmental taxes, Ecologic.
[161] Lee, N. (2002). Integrated Approaches to Impact Assessment: Substance or Make-Believe? Environmental Assessment Yearbook. Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment/EIA Centre. University of Manchester, Lincoln/Manchester, pp. 14-20.
[162] Lee, N., Kirkptrick, C. (2000) Integrated Appraisal, decision making and sustainable development: an overview. In Lee, N. and Kirkpatrick, C. (eds.) Sustainable Development and Integrated Appraisal in a Developing World. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, Northampton, pp. 1–14.
[163] Lichfield, N. and Prat, A. (1998). Linking ex-ante and ex-post evaluation in British town planning. In Evaluation in Planning: Pacing the Challenge of Complexity. Lichfield, N., Barbanente, A., Borri, D., Kakee, A., Prat, A. (eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.


[164] Lindmark, M. (2002). An EKC-pattern in historical perspective: carbon dioxide emissions, technology, fuel prices and growth in Sweden 1870–1999. Ecological Economics, 42, 333-347.
[165] Lipman, T. E., Delucchi, M. A. (2006). A retail and life cycle cost analysis of hybrid electric vehicles, Transportation Research Part D. Transport and Environment 11(2), 115–132.
[166] List, J. A., Gallet, C. A. (1999). The Kuznets curve: what happens after the inverted-U? Review of Development Economics 3(2), 200-206.
[167] Lister, R. (2000). Strategies for social inclusion: promoting social cohesion or social justice? In Social Inclusion: Possibilities and Tensions, Askonas, P., Stewart, A. (eds.) Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp. 37–54.
[168] LUDA Project. (2011). LUDA Project, Description of the project. http://www.luda-project.net/proj02.html.
[169] MacCrimmon, K. R. (1968). Decision Making Among Multiple-Attribute Alternatives: A Survey and Consolidated Approach. DTIC Document.
[170] Maclean, H. L., Lave, L. B. (2003). Life cycle assessment of automobile/ fuel options. Environmental Science & Technology 37(23): 5445–5452.
[171] Madlener, R., Antunes, C. H., Dias, L. C. (2009). Assessing the performance of biogas plants with multi-criteria and data envelopment analysis. Eur J Oper Res197, 1084-1094.
[172] Managi, S. (2006). Are there increasing returns to pollution abatement? Empirical analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve in pesticides. Ecological Economics 58, 617-636.
[173] Mareschal, B., Brans, J. P. (1992). PROMETHEE V: MCDM problems with segmentation constraints. ULB, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
[174] Mardani, A., Zavadskas, E. K., Khalifah, Z., Zakuan, N., Jusoh, A., Nor, K. M., Khoshnoudi, M. (2017). A review of multi-criteria decision-making applications to solve energy management problems: Two decades from 1995 to 2015. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 71, 216-256.
[175] Mardani, A., Jusoh, A., Zavadskas, E. K., Khalifah, Z., Nor, K. M. (2015). Application of multiple-criteria decision-making techniques and approaches to evaluating of service quality: a systematic review of the literature. J Bus Econ Manag 16, 1034-1068.
[176] Markandya, A., Harou P., Bellu L. G., Cistulli V. (2002). Environmental Economics for Sustainable Growth. A Handbook for Practioners. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
[177] Markandya, A., Pedroso S., Golub, A. (2004). Empirical Analysis of National Income and SO2 Emissions in Selected European Countries. International Energy Markets. Social Science Research Network Electronic Paper Collection.
[178] May, J. R., Brennan, D. J. (2006). Sustainability assessment of Australian electricity generation. Process Saf. Environ. Prot. 84 (2), 131—142.
[179] Maxim, A. (2014). Sustainability assessment of electricity generation technologies using weighted multi-criteria decision analysis. Energy Policy 65, 284-290.
[180] Meadows, D. (1998). Indicators and Information Systems for Sustainable Development. A report to the Balaton Group. Sustainability Institute. http://www.iisd.org/pdf/ s_ind_2.pdf.
[181] Mendelsohn, R. O., Schlesinger, M. E. (1999). Climate-Response Functions. Ambio (28), 362-366.
[182] Meyar-Naimi, H., Vaez-Zadeh, S. (2012). Sustainable Development Based Energy Policy Making Frameworks. A Critical Review. Energy Policy 43, 351-361.
[183] Moawad, A., Singh, G., Hagspiel, S., Fellah, M., Rousseau, A. (2009). Impact of real world drive cycles on PHEV fuel efficiency and cost for different power train and batter characteristics. World Electric Vehicle Journal 3, 1-10.
[184] Moll, S., Acosta J., Villanueva, A. (2004) Environmental Implications of Resource Use. Insights from Input-Output Analyses. EEA ETC/WMF, Copenhagen.
[185] Mollersten, K., Yan, J., Moreira, J. R. (2003). Potential market niches for biomass energy with CO2 capture and storage-Opportunities for energy supply with negative CO2 emissions. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 273-285.
[186] Morris, D. (1979). Measuring the Condition of the World’s Poor: The Physical Quality of Life Index. Overseas Development Council. Pergamon Press, New York, US.
[187] Morrison-Saunders, A., Therivel, R. (2005). Integration in SEA and Sustainability Assessment: Whether, When, How? International Experience and Perspectives in SEA conference. International Association for Impact Assessment, Prague.
[188] Mudgal, S., Fischer-Kowalski, M., Krausmann, F., Chenot, B., Lockwood, S., Mitsios, A., Schaffartzik, A., Eisenmenger, N., Cachia, F., Steinberger, J., Weisz, U., Kotsalainen, K., Reisinger, H. and Labouze, E. (2010). Preparatory Study for the Review of the Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources. Contract 07.0307/2009/545482/ETU/ G2, Final report for the European Commission (DG Environment), Paris.
[189] Munasinghe, M. (1993). Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development. World Bank, Washington DC.
[190] Munasinghe, M. (2000). Sustainable development and climate change- applying the sustain economics metaframework. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues 1, 3-48.
[191] Munda, G. (1998). Multicriteria Evaluation in a Fuzzy Environment. Theory and Applications in Ecological Economics. A Springer Verlag Company, Heidelberg.
[192] Nakata, T., Silva, D., Rodionov, M. (2011). Application of energy system models for designing a low-carbon society. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 37 (4), 462-502.
[193] Nalan, Q. B., Murat, O., Nuri, O. (2009). Renewable energy market conditions and barriers in Turkey. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13, 1428-1436.
[194] NEEDS, New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (2006). Final Report on Technology Foresight Method. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[195] NEEDS, New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (2007). Environmental, Economic and Social Criteria and Indicators for Sustainability Assessment of Energy Technologies. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[196] NEED, New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (2008). Technical paper N. 7.4-RS1b. Description of Updated and Extended Tools for Detailed Site-Dependent Assessment of External Costs. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[197] NEEDS, New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (2009). External Costs from Emerging Electricity Generation Technologies, Deliverable No. 6.1 - RS1a. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[198] NEEDS, New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (2012). Life Cycle Inventory Database. The European Reference Life Cycle Inventory Database of Future Electricity Supply Systems. EC, Brussels, Belgium.
[199] Ness, B., Urbel-Piirsalu, E., Anderberg, S., Olsson, L. (2007). Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ecological Economics 60, 498-508.
[200] Nilsson, R., (2000). Calculation of Composite Leading Indicators: A Comparison of Two Different Methods. Paper presented at the CIRET Conference, Paris.
[201] Nordhaus, W. D. and Boyer, J. G. 2000. Warming the World: Economic Models of Global Warming. MIT Press, Cambridge.
[202] OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002). An Update of the OECD Composite Leading Indicators. Short-term Economic Statistics Division, Statistics Directorate, Paris, France.
[203] Omer, A. M. (2008). Energy, environment and sustainable development. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 12, 2265–2300.
[204] Opricovic, S., Tzeng, G. H. (2004). Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of VIKOR and TOPSIS. European Journal of Operational Research 156, 445-455.
[205] Owen, A. D. (2004). Environmental externalities, Market distortions and the economics of renewable energy technologies. The Energy Journal 25(3), 127-156.
[206] Panayotou, T. (1997). Demystifying the environmental Kuznets curve: turning a black box into a policy tool. Environment and Development Economics 2, 465–484.
[207] Parker, J. (1991). Environmental reporting and environmental indices. PhD Thesis. Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[208] Pearce D. W., Barbier E. W., Markandya A. (1990). Sustainable Development. Earchscan, London, UK.
[209] Pearce, D. (2001). Energy Policy and Externalities: An Overview. Workshop on Energy Policy and Externalities: the Life Cycle Analysis Approach, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, Paris, 15-16 November, pp. 23-44.
[210] Phillips, J. (2013). Determining the sustainability of large-scale photovoltaic solar power plants. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 27, 435-44.
[211] Piketty, T., Saez, E. (2003). Income inequality in United States, 1913-1998, Quarterly Journal of Economics 118(1), 1-39.
[212] Pilavachi, P. A., Roumpeas, C. P., Minett, S., Afgan, N. H. (2006). Multi-criteria evaluation for CHP system options. Energy Conversion and Management 4(20), 3519-3529.
[213] PLANETS. (2009a). EU Framework 7 project PLANETS. WP5. Final Report on Regional Economic and Energy Implications of Reaching Global Climate Targets – A Policy Scenario Analysis. Edited by Richard Loulou.
[214] PLANETS. (2009b). EU Framework 7 project PLANETS. WP3 Report on Technology Assessment-II. Edited by Dalia Streimikiene.
[215] PLANETS. (2010). EU Framework 7 project PLANETS 2010. WP7 – EU Policy Recommendations. Edited by Massimo Tavoni and Bob van der Zwaan.
[216] Pohl, E., (2006). Towards Corporate Sustainable Development, ITT Flygt Sustainability Index, Licentiate Thesis, Malarden University, Sweden.
[217] Pope, J., Morrison-Sounders, A., Amnnandale, D., (2005). Applying sustainability assessment models. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 23 (4), 293-302.
[218] Pope, J., Annandale, D., Morrison-Saunders, A. (2004). Conceptualising sustainability assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 24, 595-616.
[219] Pope, J., Grace, W. (2006). Sustainability assessment in context: Issues of process, policy and governance. Journal of Environmental Assessment, Policy and Management 8(3), 373-398.
[220] Porchia, R., Bigano, A. (2008). Development of a set of full cost estimates of the use of different energy sources and its comparative assessment in EU countries. In CASES WP6 report. Total Energy Costs in EU Countries. FEEM, Milano.
[221] Porter, M., Stern, S., (1999). The New Challenge to America’s Prosperity: Findings from the Innovation Index. Council on Competitiveness, Washington, DC.
[222] Post, R., Kolhoff, A., Velthuyse, B. (1997). Towards integration of assessments with reference to integrated water in third world countries. Impact Assess Proj Apprais 16(1), 45-50.
[223] Poveda, C. A. (2011). A Review of Sustainability Assessment and sustainability/environmental rating systems and Credit Weighting Tools. Journal of Sustainable Development 4(6), 36-55.
[224] Pre Consultants (2004). The Eco-indicator 99 - A Damage Oriented Method for Life Cycle Assessment. Methodology Report.
[225] Prescott-Allen, R., (1995). Barometer of Sustainability: A Method of Assessing Progress towards Sustainable Societies. PADATA, Victoria, Canada.
[226] PSI (2003). Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Energy Systems in China. The China Energy Technology Program (CETP) - A Framework for Decision Support in the Electric Sector of Shandong Province.
[227] Putnam, R. D. (2000) Bowling Alone. Simon and Schuster, New York, US.
[228] Puolamaa, M., Kaplas, M., Reinikainen, T. (1996). Index of Environmental Friendliness. A Methodological Study. Eurostat.
[229] Rabl, A., Spadaro, J. V. (1999). Environmental Damages and Costs: An Analysis of Uncertainties, Environment International, Volume 25, Issue 1, Elsevier Ltd, Paris, France, pp. 29-46.
[230] Raborn, C. (2011). Transportation and Climate Policy Summary. Greenhouse gas emissions resulting from different infrastructure spending levels. Nicolas Institute, Duke University, North Carolina, US.
[231] Rajagopal, D., Zilberman, D. (2008). The Use of Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis for Evaluating Biofuels. Gianini Foundation of Agricultural Economics. University of California, US.
[232] Ram, R., (1982). Composite Indices of Physical Quality of Life, basic Needs fulfilment, and Income. A ‘Principal Component’ Representation. J. Dev. Econ. 11, 227-247.
[233] Raza, S., Janajreh, I., Ghenai, C. (2013). Sustainability index approach as a selection criteria for energy storage system of an intermittent renewable energy source. In Proc. International Conference on Applied Energy ICAE 2013, Pretoria, South Africa, July 2013.
[234] Roughgarden, T., Schneider, S. H. (1999). Climate change policy: quantifying uncertainties for damages and optimal carbon taxes. Energy Policy (27), 415-429.
[235] Robert, K. H. (2002). The Natural Step Story: Seeding a Quiet Revolution. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, Canada.
[236] Rhode, S. (2005). Engineering economic analysis of biomass IGCC with carbon capture and storage. Biomass and Bioenergy, 29, 440-450.
[237] Rosen, S. (1974). Hedonic prices and implicit market: Product differentiation in pure competition. Journal of Political Economy 82, 34-55.
[238] Roth, S., Hirschberg, S., Bauer, C., Burgherr, P., Dones, R., Heck, T., Schenler, W., (2009). Sustainability of electricity supply technology portfolio. Ann. Nucl. Energy 36, 409-416.
[239] Rotmans, J. (2006). Tools for integrated sustainability assessment: A two-track approach. The Integrated Assessment Journal 6 (4), 35-57.
[240] Roy, B. (1991). The outranking approach and the foundations of ELECTRE methods. Theory and decision 31, 49-73.
[241] Saaty, R. W. (2003). Decision Making in Complex Environment: The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Decision Making and the Analytic Network Process (ANP) for Decision Making with Dependence and Feedback. Super Decisions, Pittsburgh, US.
[242] Saaty, T. L., (1980). The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw-Hill Book Co., NY, US.
[243] Saaty, T. L. (1988). What is the Analytic Hierarchy Process? Springer, Heidelberg.
[244] Saaty, T. L. (2005). Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process: Decision Making with Benefits, Opportunities, Costs, and Risks. RWS publications.
[245] Saaty, T. L., Vargas, L. G. (2006). Decision Making with the Analytic Network Process. Springer, Heidelberg.
[246] Sadler, B. (1996). Environmental Assessment in a Changing World: Evaluating Practice to Improve Performance, International Study on the Effectiveness of Environmental Assessment. Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Association for Impact Assessment, Ottawa, ON.
[247] Sadler, B. (1999). Framework for environmental sustainability assessment and assurance. In J. Petts, editor, Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment, vol.1 Environmental Impact Assessment: Process, Methods and Potential, Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 12–32.
[248] Sadler, B. (2001). EIA Reconsidered, Environmental Assessment Yearbook, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Management, Lincoln and EIA Centre, Manchester, pp. 8-12.
[249] Sadler, B. (2002). From environmental assessment to sustainability appraisal? Environmental Assessment Yearbook 2002. Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment, Lincoln and EIA Centre, University of Manchester, pp. 145-152.
[250] Saisana, M., Tarantola, S., (2002). State-Of-The-Art Report on Current Methodologies and Practices for Composite Indicator Development. Prepared for the European Commission Report number: EUR 20408 EN.
[251] Samaras, C., Meisterling, K. (2008). Life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from plug-in hybrid vehicles: implications for policy. Environmental Science and Technology 42, 3170-3176.
[252] San Cristobal, J. (2011). Multi-criteria decision-making in the selection of a renewable energy project in Spain: the Vikor method. Renewable Energy 36, 498-502.
[253] Santoyo-Castelazo, E., Azapagic, A. (2014). Sustainability assessment of energy systems: integrating environmental, economic and social aspects. Journal of Cleaner Production 80, 119—138.
[254] Schenler, W., Hirschberg, S., Burgherr, P., Makowski, M., Granat, J. (2009). Final Report on Sustainability Assessment of Advanced Electricity Supply Options. New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (NEEDS). Project no 502687, European Commission.
[255] Schipper, L. (2011). Automobile use, fuel economy and CO2 emissions in industrialized countries: Encouraging trends through 2008? Transport Policy 18 (2), 358-372.
[256] Schmidheiny, S. (1992). Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment. MIT-Press, Cambridge, MA, US.
[257] Scrase, J. I., Sheate, W. R. (2002). Integration and integrated approaches to assessment: what do they mean for the environment? J Environ Policy Plann 4(4), 275-94.
[258] Selden, T. M., Song, D. (1994). Economic growth and environmental quality: is there a Kuznets curve for air pollution emissions? Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 27, 147- 162.
[259] Sengupta, R. (1996). CO2 emission–income relationship: policy approach for climate control. Pacific and Asian Journal of Energy

7, 207–229.
[260] Shafik, N. (1994). Economic development and environmental quality: an econometric analysis. Oxford Econ. Pap., 46, 757–773.
[261] Sheate, W., Dagg, S., Richardson, J., Aschemann, R., Palerm, J., Steen, U. (2003). Integrating the Environment into Strategic Decision-making: Conceptualizing Policy SEA. European Environment 13, 1-18.
[262] Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K., Dikshit, A. K. (2012). Overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecological Indicators 15, 281-299.
[263] Shonnard, D., R., Williams, L., Kalnes, T. N. (2010). Camelina-derived jet fuel and diesel: sustainable advanced biofuels. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 29, 382-92.
[264] Sivarasu, S. R., Chandira Sekaran, E., Karthik, P. 2015. Development of renewable energy based microgrid project implementations for residential consumers in India: scope, challenges and possibilities. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 50: 256-69.
[265] Spadaro, J. V., Rabl, A. (1999). Estimates of Real Damage from Air Pollution: Site Dependence and Simple Impact Indices for LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 4 (4), 229-243.
[266] Spataru, C. (2017). Whole Energy System Dynamics. Theory, Modelling and Policy. Routledge, New York, US.
[267] Stamford, L., Azapagic, A. (2012). Life cycle sustainability assessment of electricity options for the UK. Int. J. Energy Res 36 (14), 1263-1290.
[268] Stanujkic, D., Magdalinovic, N., Jovanovic, R., Stojanovic, S. (2012). An objective multi-criteria approach to optimization using MOORA method and interval grey numbers. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 18 (2), 331-363.
[269] Steger, S., Bleischwitz, R. (2009). Decoupling GDP from resource use, resource productivity and competitiveness: a cross-country comparison. In: Bleischwitz, Raimund (Hrsg.). Sustainable Growth and Resource Productivity: Economic and Global Policy Issues. Sheffield, Greenleaf Publishing, pp. 172-193.
[270] Stern, D. (1998). Progress on the environmental Kuznets curve. Environ. Dev. Econ. 3, 175–198.
[271] Stern, N. (2006). The Economics of Climate Change. Cabinet Office - HM Treasury. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[272] Stern, D., Common, M. S., Barbier, E. B. (1996). Economic growth and environmental degradation: the environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development. World Dev. 24, 1151-1160.
[273] Storrie, D., Bjurek, H., (1999). Benchmarking the Basic Performance Indicators Using Efficiency Frontier Techniques. Report Presented to the European Commission, Employment and Social Affairs DG.
[274] Streimikiene, D. (2010a). External Costs of Energy Security and Climate Change. International Energy Journal 11 225-234.
[275] Streimikiene, D. (2010b). Comparative assessment of future power generation technologies based on carbon price development. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14, 1283-1292.
[276] Streimikiene, D. (2012a). Assessment of energy technologies in electricity and transport sectors based on carbon intensity and costs. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 19(4), 606-620.
[277] Streimikiene, D. 2012b. The impact of international GHG trading regimes on penetration of new energy technologies and feasibility to implement EU Energy and Climate Package targets. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 70, 1131-1141.
[278] Streimikienė, D. (2013). Assessment of road transport technologies based on GHG emission reduction potential and costs. Transformations in Business and Economics 16 (4), 2172-2177.
[279] Streimikiene, D. (2017). Review of internalization of externalities and dynamics of atmospheric emissions in energy sector of Baltic States. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 70, 1131-1141.
[280] Streimikiene, D., Alisauskaite-Seskiene, I. (2014). External costs of electricity generation options in Lithuania. Renewable Energy 64, 215-224.
[281] Streimikiene, D., Balezentiene, L. (2012). Assessment of Electricity Generation Technologies Based on GHG Emission Reduction Potential and Costs. Transformation in Business and Economics 11 (2A), 333-344.
[282] Streimikiene, D., Baležentis, T. (2013a). Multi-objective ranking of climate change mitigation policies and measures in Lithuania. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 18, 144-153.
[283] Streimikiene, D., Baležentis, T. (2013b). Multi-criteria assessment of small scale CHP technologies in buildings. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 26, 183-189.
[284] Streimikiene, D., Baležentis, T. (2015). Assessment of willingness to pay for renewables in Lithuanian households. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 17 (2), 515-531.
[285] Streimikiene, D., Baležentis, T., Kriščiukaitienė, I., Baležentis, A. (2012). Prioritizing sustainable electricity production technologies: MCDM approach. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 16 (5), 3302-3311.
[286] Streimikiene, D., Roos, I., Rekis, J. (2009). External cost of electricity generation in Baltic States. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 13, 863–870.
[287] Suzuki, H., Dastur, A., Moffatt, S., Yabuki, N., Maruyama, H. (2010). Eco2 Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities. World Bank Publications, Herndon, VA.
[288] Tester, J. W., Drake, E. M., Driscoll, M. J., Golay, M. W., Peters, W. A. (2012). Sustainable Energy – Choosing among Options, second edition. The Mit Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US.
[289] Thérivel, R., Partidário, M. (1996). The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment. Earthscan, London.
[290] Tol, R. S. J. (1999). The Marginal Damage Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The Energy Journal (20), 61-81.
[291] Tol, R. S. J. (2005). The Marginal Damage Costs of Carbon Dioxide Emissions: An Assessment of the Uncertainties. Energy Policy (33), 2064-2074.
[292] Tol, R. S. J., Dowlatabadi, H. 2(001). Vector-borne Diseases, Climate Change, and Economic Growth. Integrated Assessment (2), 173-181
[293] Tsai, P. L., Huangy, Ch. H., Yangz, C. Y. (2012). Impact of globalization on income distribution inequality in 60 countries: comments. Global Economy Journal 12(3), 1-12.
[294] Turkington, R., Sangster, K. (2006). From housing to social mix: housing's contribution to social sustainability. Town and Country Planning 75

, 184–185.
[295] UN WCED (1992). Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992). Agenda 21, Chapter 35. Science for Sustainable Development, NY, US.
[296] United Nations (2001). Human Development Report. NY, US.
[297] United Nations (2007). Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. NY, US.
[298] UNDP (1996). UNDP’s Strategy for Implementing its Gender in Development Policy. UNDP, New York, US.
[299] UNDP (2017). Global Trends. Challenges and Opportunities in Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals. New York, US.
[300] UNEP (2011). Decoupling Natural Resource Use and Environmental Impacts from Economic Growth. United Nations Environmental Programme. NY, US.
[301] Valkiainen, M., Klobut, K., Leppaniemi, S., Vanhanen, J., Varila, R. (2002). Micro CHP Systems Based on PEM Fuel Cell. Status report. VTT Chemical Technology, Espoo, Finland.
[302] Verheem, R. (2002). Recommendations for Sustainability Assess-ment in the Netherlands. In Commission for EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment in the Netherlands. Views from the Commission for EIA in 2002. The Netherlands.
[303] Vincent, J. R. (1997). Testing for environmental Kuznets curves within a developing country. Environment and Development Economics 2, 417–431.
[304] Voss, A. (2000), Sustainable Energy Supply - Specification of Guiding Principles (in German). Proceedings of VDI Conference on Energy and Sustainable Development: Contributions to Future Energy Supply. VDI, Dusseldorf, Germany, pp. 122-140.
[305] Watkiss, P. 2006. The Social Costs of Carbon (SCC) Review - Methodological Approaches for Using SCC Estimates in Policy Assessment. Final Report to Defra. Defra, London, UK.
[306] Watkiss, P., Downing, T., Handley, C., Butterfield, C. (2005). The Impacts and Costs of Climate Change. AEA and Stockholm Environment Institute, Report prepared for the DG Environment. EC, Brussels.
[307] Wackernagel, M., Rees, W. (1995). Our Ecological Footprint. New Society Publishers, Philadelphia, PA.
[308] Wang, W. M., Lee, A. H., Chang, D. T. (2010). An integrated FDM-ANP evaluation model for sustainable development of housing community. Optim Lett 4, 239-57.
[309] Weaver, P., Jansen, L., van Grootveld, G., van Spiegel, E., Vergragt, P. (2000). Sustainable Technology Development. Greenleaf Publishing, Sheffield.
[310] WCED (1987). Our Common Future: The World Commission on Environment and Development. Oxford University Press, New York, US.
[311] WEC (2016). Energy Trilemma Index: Benchmarking the Sustainability of National Energy Systems. http://www.worldenergy. org/publications/2016/2016-energy-trilemma-index-benchmarking-the-sustainability-of-national-energy-systems/.
[312] WEF, World Economic Forum (2002). The 2002 Environmental Sustainability Index.
[313] Wei, Y., Davidson, B., Chen, D., White, R. (2009). Balancing the economic, social and environmental dimensions of agro-ecosystems: an integrated modeling approach. Agric Ecosyst Environ 131, 263-273.
[314] Weiser, D. 2008. A Guide to Life-Cycle GHG Emissions from Electric Supply Technologies. IAEA, Vienna, Austria.
[315] WHO, World Health Organisation (2000). Overall Health System Attainment. Winnipeg, Canada, pp. 7-20.
[316] Wiecek, M. M., Ehrgott, M., Fadel, G., Rui Figueira, J. (2008). Multiple criteria decision making for engineering. Omega 36, 337-339.
[317] Wilkinson, D., Fergusson, M., Bowyer, C., Brown, J., Ladefoged, A., Monkhouse, C., Zdanowicz, A. (2004). Sustainable Development in the European Commission’s Integrated Impact Assessments for 2003. Inst Eur Environ Policy. Brussels, Belgium.
[318] Wimmler, C., Hejazi, G., de Oliveira Fernandes, E., Moreira, C., Connors, C. (2015). Multi-Criteria Decision Support Methods for Renewable Energy Systems on Islands. Journal of Clean Energy Technologies 3 (3), 185-195.
[319] World Bank (1997). Expanding the Measure of Wealth: Indicators of Environmentally Sustainable Development. World Bank, Washington, DC.
[320] World Bank (2000). World Development Report 2000: Entering the 21st Century. World Bank, Washington, DC.
[321] Woods, J., Brown, G., Estrin, A. (2005). Bioethanol Greenhouse Gas Calculator - User's Guide. Imperial College, London, UK.
[322] Yager, R. R. (1994). Aggregation operators and fuzzy systems modeling. Fuzzy Sets and Systems 67, 129-145.
[323] Xu, Z., Da, Q. (2002). The ordered weighted geometric averaging operators. International Journal of Intelligent Systems 17, 709-716.
[324] Zah, R., Böni, H., Gauch, M., Hischier, R., Lehmann, M., Wäger, P. (2007). Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Products: Environmental Assessment of Biofuels. Empa. Bern, Switzerland.
[325] Zavadskas, E. K., Kaklauskas, A., Sarka, V. (1994). The new method of multicriteria complex proportional assessment of projects. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 1, 131-139.
[326] Zavadskas, E. K., Turskis, Z. (2008). A new logarithmic normalization method in games theory. Informatica 19, 303-314.
[327] Zavadskas, E. K., Turskis, Z. (2011). Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) methods in economics: an overview. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 17(2), 397-427.
[328] Zavadskas, E. K., Turskis, Z., Kildiene, S. (2014). State of art surveys of overviews on MCDM/MADM methods. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 20, 165-179.
[329] Zavadskas, E. K., Turskis, Z., Antucheviciene, J., Zakarevicius, A. (2012). Optimization of weighted aggregated sum product assessment. Elektronika ir elektrotechnika 122, 3-6.
[330] Zhang, M. (2002). Measuring Urban Sustainability in China. Thela Thesis. Amsterdam.
[331] Zimmermann, H. J. (1978). Fuzzy programming and linear programming with several objective functions. Fuzzy sets and systems 1, 45-55.
[332] Zolfani, S. H., Sedaghat, M., Zavadskas, E. K. (2012a). Performance evaluating of rural ICT centers (telecenters), applying fuzzy AHP, SAW-G and TOPSIS Grey, a case study in Iran. Technological and Economic Development of Economy 18 (2), 364-387.
[333] Zolfani, S. H., Nahid, R., Rezaeiniyea, N., Zavadskas, E. K. (2012b). Quality control manager selection based on AHP- COPRAS-G methods: a case in Iran. Economic Research 25(1), 88-104.

You have not viewed any product yet.