A Review on the national infectious disease surveillance system of South Korea, China, and Japan, and its history

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Authors: Taeuk Kang
Page Range: 103-117
Published in: International Public Health Journal, 14#2 (2022)
ISSN: 1947-4989

Table of Contents

Infectious disease is, undoubtedly, a serious public health burden on the global level. To tackle prevalent infectious disease, the infectious disease surveillance system plays a significant role as an effective control and preventive measure for public health. The function of infectious disease surveillance system could varies depending on countries but all include early detection and monitoring of infectious diseases. In this study, three geographically related countries, Korea, China, and Japan, were selected for analysis, because despite geographical relatedness, each country has its unique systems and structures of infectious disease surveillance, however, only a handful or no investigations were carried out. Hence, this study reviewed the national infectious surveillance system of the three countries for their history, recent changes, role and function for analysis through literature reviews from scientific databases and grey literatures. This study may be used for quick comprehension of brief history, functions of infectious disease surveillance system and role of its affiliated institutes in its respective countries. Also, this could also provide further options to strengthening of infectious disease surveillance system for global cooperation.

Keywords: Infectious disease, communicable disease, national infectious disease surveillance