A Literature Review on the Benefits of Propolis

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Erik G. Martin (Editor)

Series: New Developments in Medical Research
BISAC: TEC003100

Propolis is a natural aromatic and sticky substance collected by bees from plant resins. These plant sources mainly consist of plant exudates from bark and buds that contain various health care compounds forming the main active ingredients of propolis. These compounds result in propolis exhibiting diverse biological activities, making them popular remedies worldwide. The first chapter of this book aims to review the plant material, chemical composition, and antimicrobial activities of European propolis and to compare it with others from similar geographical regions. The relevance of this review chapter is based on its specific aim – to find the similarities between the chemical composition and properties of plant sources and propolis. The second chapter focuses on propolis as an adjunct therapy in many chronic diseases with inflammatory and oxidative backgrounds such as CVDs, NAFLD, MetS, and diabetes and gastrointestinal disorders. The third chapter provides an overview of the chemical compositions, biological properties of propolis of different stingless bee species and its geographical origins, and recent advances in therapeutic and pharmacological research. In this respect, advanced biological research related to the chemical diversity of propolis is highlighted. The fourth chapter summarizes the extraction methods utilized in the commercial production of propolis. These methods, to name a few, are the commonly used maceration, ultrasonication, microwave extraction, supercritical extraction, and accelerated solvent extraction. The advantages and disadvantages of classical and modern extraction methods in their application for large-scale commercial applications are discussed. In Chapter Five, recent studies of propolis and its potential pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications are examined. In Chapter Six, the antioxidant capacity of several commercially available bee propolis products are reviewed. Results showed a direct correlation between phenolic content and antioxidant capabilities. The last chapter discusses the different assays performed in determining the antioxidant properties of propolis samples collected from around the world.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Authenticity Assessment of European Propolis – Chemical and Antimicrobial Properties
Petar Ristivojević1, Tamara Janakiev2, Tatjana Stević3, Jelena Trifković1, Filip Andrić1 and Ivica Dimkić2
1University of Belgrade, Faculty of Chemistry, Belgrade, Serbia
2University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, Belgrade, Serbia
3Institute for Medicinal Plants Research “Dr. Josif Pančić,” Belgrade, Serbia

Chapter 2. The Effect of Propolis as a Nutraceutical and Functional Food on the Treatment of Inflammatory-Related Diseases
Mahsa Miryan, Davood Soleimani, PhD, and Yahya Pasdar, PhD
Nutritional Sciences Department, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Chapter 3. Recent Advancements in the Bioactivities and Therapeutic Properties of Propolis
Nadzirah Zullkiflee1, Hussein Taha2, PhD, Fatimah Hashim3, PhD, and Anwar Usman1,†, PhD
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Brunei Darussalam
2Environmental and Life Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Brunei Darussalam
3Faculty of Science and Marine Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Chapter 4. Extraction of Propolis Samples for Commercial Use
Judy Kristel V. Bayalas1, Jennifer Hutnik2, Baylee Caudill2 and Elmer-Rico E. Mojica2, PhD
1 Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines,
2Department of Chemistry, Pace University, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Chapter 5. Advanced Trends of Propolis in Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Applications
Nadzirah Zullkiflee1, Mitasby H. Mamit2 and Anwar Usman1, PhD
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE, Brunei Darussalam
2Tasbee Meliponiculture Farm, Jalan Bukit Nanas, Kg Sungai Kelugos,
Tutong, Brunei

Chapter 6. Phenol Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Commercial Bee Propolis Products
Ethan Grimes, Carly Sullivan, Jessica Higgins and Elmer-Rico E. Mojica, PhD
Department of Chemistry and Physical Sciences, Pace University, New York, New York, United States of America

Chapter 7. Antioxidant Activity of Bee Propolis Samples
Jeb Reece Grabato1, Catherine Jankovic2 and Elmer-Rico E. Mojica2, PhD
1 Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna, Philippines,
2Department of Chemistry, Pace University, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Index