A Critical Appraisal of India’s Self-Reliance in Agriculture


Pradeep Kumar Rai, PhD -IFFCO- Nano Fertilizer Plant, Phulpur Unit, Ghiyanagar, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
Naveen Kumar SharmaProfessor, Department of Botany, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, India
Vinod Kumar Singh, PhD – Director, ICAR – Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Telangana, India
Ashwani Kumar RaiProfessor, Centre of Advance Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh, India

Series: Agriculture Issues and Policies
BISAC: TEC003000; TEC003090; TEC003070
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/FTUU7256

One of the principal themes of this book is to explore whether agriculture can foster economic development in the country or not. If so, what steps have to be taken and models to be adopted? Structural transformation from agriculture to manufacturing and services is inevitable as a country develops. The role of agriculture in economic development and poverty reduction has long been debated. Due to the growth in agriculture, food becomes cheaper, farm incomes increase, thereby creating more jobs, and increased incomes stimulate economic diversification. Thus, development in the agricultural sector propels the rest of the economy. Hence, there is a need for greater resource allocation in favor of agriculture, particularly in predominantly agrarian areas. These concepts are explored through the chapters of this book.

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Table of Contents



Introduction: Agriculture for Development
Naveen Kumar Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Rai, Vinod Kumar Singh, and Ashwani Kumar Rai

Chapter 1. Cereals: Key Drivers for Achieving Food Security and Maintaining a Green Economy in India
Pravin Kumar Upadhyay¹, Kapila Shekhawat¹, Manish Kushwaha¹, Rajiv Kumar Singh¹, Rameti Jangir¹, Abhinav Kumar¹, Pradeep Kumar Rai², G. A. Rajanna³, Sanjay Singh Rathore¹ and Vinod Kumar Singh⁴
¹Division of Agronomy, ICAR-Inadina Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
²IFFCO – Nano Fertilizer Plant, Phulpur Unit, Ghiyanagar, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
³ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, RS-Anantpur, India
⁴ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, India

Chapter 2. Status and Prospects of Millets Crop for a Green Economy in Rural India
S. D. Bamboriya¹,² and R. S. Bana³
¹ICAR – Indian Institute of Maize Research, Ludhiana, India
²ICAR – National Academy of Agricultural Research Management, Hyderabad, India
³ICAR – Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

Chapter 3. Status and Prospects of Pulse Crops in India
Anil Kumar¹, Anil K Choudhary², Ummed Singh³ and Renu Kapoor⁴
¹Farm Science Centre, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Tarn Taran, India
²Division of Agronomy, ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, India
³College of Agriculture, Agriculture University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
⁴Farm Science Centre, YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Chamba, India

Chapter 4. Oilseed Scenario in India for Self-Reliance in Edible Oil
Sanjay Singh Rathore¹, Kapila Shekhawat¹ and Pradeep Kumar Rai²
¹Division of Agronomy, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi, India
²IFFCO- Nano Fertilizer Plant, Phulpur Unit, Ghiyanagar, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India

Chapter 5. Vegetable Production in India: Current Status and Future Prospects
D. P. Singh¹, Meenakshi Kumari², Rajiv¹ and S. S. Solankey³
¹Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
²Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University, Chandu, Budhera, Gurugram, Haryana, India
³Dr. Kalam Agricultural College, Kishanganj (Bihar Agriculture University, Bhagalpur, Sabour, Bihar), India

Chapter 6. Commercial Crops Other Than Vegetables for thea Green Economy of India
Mona Nagargade¹, Vishal Tyagi¹, Preeti Singh² and Santosh Kumar²
¹ICAR-IARI, New Delhi
²ICAR-IARI, Jharkhand

Chapter 7. Livestock for the Economy of Rural India
Deepak Upadhyay and Pooja Tamboli
ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (U.P.), India

Chapter 8. Dairy Farming and thea Green Economy in Rural India
Gunjan Bhandari¹, Gaurav Kr Deshwal², Ganga Sahay Meena², and Hardev Ram³
¹Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management Division, ICAR – National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
²Dairy Technology Division, ICAR – National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
³Forage Research and Management Centre, ICAR – National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India

Chapter 9. Aquaculture for thea Rural Economy of India
Shashank Singh¹, Suman Dey², Milind B. Katare³ and Vipin Kumar Misra⁴
¹College of Fisheries, ANDUAT, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh
²ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, India
³Krishi Vigyan Kendra, East Garo Hills, Meghalaya, India
⁴Krishi Vigyan Kendra, West Kameng, Dirang, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Chapter 10. Mushroom Production for thea Rural Economy
Diwakar Bahukhandi and Pravin Kumar Upadhyay
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

Chapter 11. Sericulture: Biology and Socio-Economic Relevance
S. S. Dhaka¹ and M. K. Rai²
¹Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pilibhit (U.P.), India
²Krishi Vigyan Kendra, G. B. Nagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut (U.P), India

Chapter 12. Floriculture: Status and Prospects
Ritu Jain, Babita Singh and A. K. Tiwari
Division of Floriculture and Landscaping, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi, India

Chapter 13. Importance of Composting for thea Green Economy of Rural India
Shiva Dhar¹, Dinesh Jinger², Gaurendra Gupta³, Ekta Joshi⁴, Praveen Kumar¹, Manoj Parihar⁵ and S. Vijay Kumar⁶
¹ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
²ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, RC-Vasad, Anand, Gujarat, India
³ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India
⁴Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
⁵ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora, Uttarakhand, India
⁶ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Orissa, India

Chapter 14. Attributes Determining the Crop Choices of Local Farmers
Nafees Ahmad¹, Nishi Sharma¹, P. Joshi¹, J. P. S. Dabas¹, N. V. Kumbhare² and P. P. Maurya¹
¹Centre for Agricultural Technology Assessment and Transfer (CATAT), ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India
²Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC), ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India

Chapter 15. The Nature of Agriculture and the Group Dynamics of Smallholder Farmers in Rural India
Anirban Mukherjee¹,², Premlata Singh², Satyapriya², Shreya Ananad³ and Kumari Shubha⁴
¹Division of Socioeconomics and Extension, ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India
²Division of Agricultural Extension, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India
³Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal, India
⁴Division of Crop Research, ICAR-Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India

Chapter 16. Agricultural Institutional Credit and Indebtedness in India: Status, Issues, and Challenges
Bishwa Bhaskar Choudhary¹, Ravindra Singh Shekhawat² and Priyanka Singh³
¹Department of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, India
²Departments of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi, India
³Department of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Central Agroforestry Research Institute, Jhansi, India

List of Contributors

About the Editors


Editor’s ORCID iD

Pradeep Kumar Rai 0000-0003-3847-9101
Naveen Kumar Sharma0000-0001-8658-7671
Ashwani Kumar Rai0000-0002-5562-2785

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