A Closer Look at Silkworms

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Pratheep Thangaraj, PhD – Department of Biotechnology, PRIST Deemed to be University, Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India

Series: Insects and Other Terrestrial Arthropods: Biology, Chemistry and Behavior
BISAC: NAT005000; NAT017000; SCI025000
DOI: 10.52305/WYEK3748

The first section of this book covers recent research developments on the silkworm, B. mori. Chapter One describes the recent advancements in utilization, product diversification and value addition of ericulture resources for the sustainability of farmers. Chapter Two compares the efficacy of silk production and how it is achieved through the growth and development of silkworms supplemented with antioxidants and exposed to low dose radiation from the gamma source. B. mori viral disease and lipid compositional changes during the spinning stage is the focus in the next two chapters. In Chapter Three, Tanmaya et al. review the characteristics of B. mori viruses, the classification of viral infections, mode of infectivity, transmission, symptomatology of viral diseases, detection of pathogenic viruses, the molecular mechanism of pathogenicity of viral diseases and insect antiviral defense mechanisms. Management practices can be carried out both at pre-rearing and rearing conditions for obtaining and improving qualitative and quantitative silk production. Chapter Four analyzes the neutral lipids changes in silk glands during fifth instar larvae and spinning stages of B. mori. Chapter Five, by Geeta Pandey, is an outline of the historical perception of silk, its structure, general characteristics, current clinical trials and emerging biomedical applications of silk fibroin along with future prospects and challenges in this field. The authors of Chapter Six discuss the recent advancements in B. mori lipid metabolism, transportation, and lipid carrier proteins. This book ends with Chapter Seven – a review of silk proteins such as sericin and fibroin and their medical applications.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. The Transition of Ericulture Waste to Wealth: Deciphering the Horizons
Hridya H¹, Lopamudra Guha¹ and Sankari M²
¹Muga Eri Silkworm Seed Organisation, Central Silk Board, Guwahati, Assam, India
²Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam (Women’s University), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Chapter 2. Synergistic Interaction of Radiation and Antioxidant Diet on the Efficacy of Silk Performance in Silkworm, Bombyx mori
M. J. Radha
Department of Biotechnology and Genetics, M. S. Ramaiah College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Chapter 3. Viral Diseases of Silkworm: Infection Process, Detection and Their Management
Tanmaya Kumar Bhoi¹, Ipsita Samal² and Satyapriya Singh³,⁴
¹ICFRE-Arid Forest Research Institute (AFRI), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
²Sri Sri University, Cuttack, Odisha, India
³Central Horticultural Experiment Station (ICAR-IIHR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
⁴ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

Chapter 4. Changes in Silk Gland Neutral Lipids during the Last Instar and Spinning Stages of the Silkworm
Pratheep Thangaraj¹,², Muthukalingan Krishnan¹, Chinnasamy Kanagaraj² and Sivashanmugam Karthikayan³
¹Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
²Department of Biotechnology, Rathinam College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, India
³School of Biosciences & Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India

Chapter 5. An Overview of the Biomedical Applications of Silk Proteins
Geeta Pandey
Department of Environmental and Life Sciences, IIS Deemed to be University, Jaipur, India

Chapter 6. Lipid Transport in Silkworm, Bombyx mori
Pratheep Thangaraj¹,⁵, Neelamegam Rameshkumar², Nagarajan Kayalvizhi³, Muthukalingan Krishnan¹ and Mani Thenmozhi⁴
¹Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
²Department of Biotechnology, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Panvel, Mumbai, India
³Department of Zoology, Periyar University, Salem, India
⁴Department of Biotechnology, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai, India
⁵Department of Biotechnology, Rathinam College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, India

Chapter 7. Silk Encoding Genes and Their Fibrous Protein in Bombyx mori
R. Eswaralakshmi¹, Sneha Surve¹, T. Ramesh², L. Krishnasamy¹, M. Mohanapriya¹, R. Nirmala¹, and S. Shanthasubitha¹
¹Hindustan College of Arts & Science, Padur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
²G.S. Gill Research Institute, Affiliated to University of Madras, A unit of Guru Nanak Educational Society, Guru Nanak Salai, Velachery, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Index


Editor’s ORCID iD

Pratheep Thangaraj 0000-0001-8911-8555

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