A Closer Look at Heart Rate

André Alves Pereira (Editor)

Series: Cardiology Research and Clinical Developments
BISAC: MED010000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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A Closer Look at Heart Rate opens with an examination of the latent structures underlying short-term heart rate variability indices in a sample of 96 young adults under 4-min eyes-closed followed by 4-min eyes-open resting-state conditions. Electrocardiograms recorded during the two resting-state conditions were then analyzed using a variety of heart rate variability indices in which latent structures were identified using principal component analysis.

Additionally, the authors test the hypothesis that the statistical artefact regression to the mean explains part of the baseline effect. To do this, the regression to the mean effect is illustrated through heart rate recording carried out on 1233 volunteers, from which 137 were randomly selected to obtain an estimate of the stress response.

Next, 14,000 antepartum fetal heart rate tracings obtained during 2,000 pregnancies are analyzed. After 30 weeks, fetal behavior progressively changes and differentiates into three main states: active sleep, quiet sleep, and active wakefulness. The fetal heart rate pattern during quiet sleep is usually homogeneous. It appears that a heterogeneous pattern reflecting a specific quiet sleep variant has been unrecognized.

In the closing chapter, the role of meditation in cardiovascular risk reduction through beneficial modulation in heart rate, and heart-rate variability is reviewed and discussed. Meditative practices are aimed at training the mind to achieve a state of increased consciousness.
(Imprint: Nova Medicine and Health)

Preface

Chapter 1. Short-Term Resting-State Heart Rate Variability
(Siddharth Nayak, Arthur C. Tsai, Lydia Chen, Jiun Wei Liou and Michelle Liou, Taiwan International Graduate Program in Interdisciplinary Neuroscience, National Cheng Kung University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, and others)

Chapter 2. Estimating and Correcting the Regression to the Mean in Heart Rate Variability Studies
(Dimitriy A. Dimitriev, MD, Elena V. Saperova, Olga S. Indeykina, and Aleksey D. Dimitriev, PhD, Department of Biology, Chuvash State Pedagogical University, Cheboksary, Russia)

Chapter 3. Previously Unrecognized Fetal Behavior with Pre- and Postnatal Cardiorespiratory Implications
(Patrick A. Zemb, MD, Tarik El Aarbaoui, Jean-Yves Bellec, MD, Pauline Lelièvre, Marie-Laure Mille, PhD, and Fabrice Joulia, PhD, Private obstetrical practice Bove, Lorient, France, and others)

Chapter 4. Meditation: A Simple Inexpensive Technique for Voluntary Control of Heart Rate
(Satish G. Patil, Ishwar V. Basavaraddi, and Mallanagoud S. Biradar, Department of Physiology, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Delhi, India, and Department of Medicine, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, BLDE (Deemed to be University), Vijayapura, Karnataka, India)

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