Barriers to diabetes self-management in Grenada during the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study


Author: Pauline Smith
Page Range: 13-21
Published in: International Public Health Journal, 16#1 (2024)
ISSN: 1947-4989

Table of Contents


During the COVID-19 lockdown, several countries implemented restrictions that affected how persons with diabetes manage their condition. This study identifies the barriers to diabetes self-management during the COVID-19 lockdown in Grenada. The study is a descriptive qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 participants with type 2 diabetes in Grenada over two months. Two overarching themes emerged, reflecting external and internal barriers to diabetes self-management activities. The results indicated that these personal and environmental barriers significantly affected adherence across the five self-management behaviors. The findings may be used to develop a multidisciplinary approach to improve self-management skills and attitudes and promote appropriate diabetes disaster planning for a future pandemic. Efforts to address those barriers to diabetes self-management will improve health outcomes and quality of life.

Keywords: Diabetes self-management, COVID-19, Grenada

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