Sushruta: The Great, The First Surgeon and Physician of the World


Authors: Ram B Singh, Yogesh K Gaur, Indraneel Basu, Manmohan Shyam, Ashutosh Mishra, and RG Singh
Page Range: 275-278
Published in: World Heart Journal, 15#4 (2023)
ISSN: 1556-4002

Table of Contents


Many ancient and modern experts have been enlightened from the Indian system of Medicine [1, 6-9, 11]. While Rig Veda and Athar Veda (5000 BCE) are considered to be the originators of the Indian system of Medicine called Ayurveda, Sushruta Samhita and Charaka Samhita are Treatise written by concerned experts in the year 600 BCE [1, 4, 6-9]. In Western Medicine, Hippocrates is called the first learned physician of the world (460 BCE). It seems all of them were visiting professors at Taxila University (Taxila, Pakistan), which was established in the 6th century BCE. It is believed that Hippocrates set the stepping stones for the foundation of medicine, developing medical terms and definitions, protocols, and guidelines for the classification of diseases, which are considered the gold standard for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of diseases [10]. Hippocrates, the wise physician as Aristotle calls him in his book titled Politics, was obviously an unusual man, even for the enlightened era in which he lived. Hippocrates was born into a family of priests-doctors. He was taught by his physician-priest father, Heraclides, and his grandfather Hippocrates might have been a contemporary of Sushruta. This communication is aimed at highlighting the works of Sushruta.

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