Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Anomaly Detection: Techniques and Applications

“A lot of learning happens by observing what happens normally. In many cases, identifying what happens in unusual contexts may also provide insight. In the computational space, “anomaly detection” in various available data is used in various practical applications, with real implications on people’s daily lives. Anomalies refer to data deviations from a normal state of observed behaviors, beyond particular parameters. Anomalies are those data points at the far ends of the min-max range, the ends of the normal curve, the isolate datapoints in scatterplots, the unclustered datapoints in a 2D or 3D data representation. With multidimensional data, these are the datapoints that do not cluster. Saira Banu Atham, Shriram Raghunathan, Dinesh Mavaluru, and A. Syed Mustafa are co-editors of Anomaly Detection: Techniques and Applications, which highlights some of the techniques and technologies to achieve anomaly detection in various systems… Read more >>>” – Shalin Hai-Jew, Instructional Designer/Researcher, Kansas State University. Published in C2C Digital Magazine (Fall 2021 / Winter 2022).

A Closer Look at Big Data Analytics

“R. Anandan, in A Closer Look at Big Data Analytics, offers some perspectives on how big data may be analyzed and perhaps kept safe. It does not read like a manual, but more of a tourist guidebook into the topic. The work mostly argues for the power of big data analytics to inform on behaviors in the world…. Read more at >>>” – Shalin Hai-Jew, Instructional Designer/Researcher, Kansas State University. Published in C2C Digital Magazine (Fall 2021 / Winter 2022).

Social Media in the 21st Century: Perspectives, Influences and Effects on Well-Being

“Walter J. Kahn’s Social Media in the 21st Century: Perspectives, Influences and Effects on Well-Being (2021) is a volume of four research works. This book enables readers to think outside of their direct experiences with social media and engage more critically. These works help readers understand the various levers for human manipulation within and across the platforms. They should be able to better see when manipulations are afoot and perhaps how to make clearer-headed decisions about what to share, what not to share, and perhaps who they are engaging with online. Perhaps contemporary users may avoid manipulation by marketers, ‘bots, and people with malicious intent. Another angle is that they will also see the social media platforms as data hubs, worthy of research and study, with valuable insights to extract. In this space, it is helpful to think of what may be to come in terms of technological advancements and perhaps what humanity might accept or reject…Read more at >>>– Shalin Hai-Jew, Instructional Designer/Researcher, Kansas State University. Published in C2C Digital Magazine (Fall 2021 / Winter 2022).

Combinatorics: First Steps

This book is a very good introduction to combinatorics as a first step to know about the subject which is a basic for such areas as theory probability and statistics, among others. For example, Basic Concepts of Set Theory (Chapter 2) and Inclusion-Exclusion Principle (Chapter 5) are good examples of analogue between operations with sets and events in probability. Also, Trees (Chapter 7) have applications in financial mathematics, as we recall, binomial trees, as one of many examples. The book contains a great deal of problems (e.g., 160 (!), and it’s only in Chapter 1) with answers, examples and exercises. I would recommend it to university instructors who teach combinatorics, to pedagogical universities and colleges students, and also to high school students and first year university students. Moreover, as a background, mathematical courses from regular school will suffice to read and study the book. It is a really the first step in combinatorics to proceed to many more steps further in students’ journey through the beauty of combinatorics. Finally, I am proud to say, that one of the authors, namely, Volodymyr Vyshenskyi, was one of my best instructors in algebra at Kyiv State University back to 70th , when I was there as a freshman student. His pedagogical and teaching skills were a legend among young university’s students. All in all, do not be afraid to make the first step in anything, including combinatorics: it will pay-off when you make more steps and affords later.” – Anatoliy Swishchuk, Professor, Applied Mathematics, Universiry of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

The book “Combinatorics: First Steps” written by two very experienced mathematicians, Mykola Perestyuk and Volodymyr Vyshenskyi, is a gem, which will satisfy the needs of all kinds of combinatorics lovers, from high school students to college professors. It has plenty of examples and solved problems that make the digesting of the material easy, though the phrase “First steps” in the title should not discourage know-it-alls from acquiring the book. It can also serve as a wonderful source of all kinds of combinatorial problems for extracurricular activities in mathematics.” – Vyacheslav Futorny, Professor, Departamento de Matematica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Real-Time Cloud Computing and Machine Learning Applications

“The increasing adoption of cloud computing and machine learning for real-time applications makes this textbook very timely and valuable. Its contents are presented in an accessible form, enhanced by many clear and well-illustrated examples. Opening with a comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of both topics, it goes on to explain how to integrate them into a real-time network analytics system. Real-time examples enable the reader to gain a clear understanding of the technology and its applications. It is highly recommended for practitioners and researchers alike.” – Peter J. Fleming, Emeritus Professor, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK

A Comprehensive Guide to Neural Network Modeling

“Steffen Skaar’s edited collection A Comprehensive Guide to Neural Network Modeling presents four chapters around various practical applications of artificial neural networks to represent various aspects of the world for awareness, decision-making, research, and other applications. Modeling is representational and strives to offer insights with fidelity to the world, to inform people’s consciousness and actions. This book offers some fresh ideas to the general public about how artificial neural networks (ANNs) can and are being applied in a variety of contexts. If there is one quibble, the title smacks of over-reach in claiming comprehensiveness, given the four chapters from several disciplines. Well beyond, ANNs have been applied in various practical fields, such as finance, medicine, geology, physics, and other areas (Tušek, Valinger, Benković, Kljusurić, & Jurina, 2020, p. 58). This data analytics approach seems very cyborg-ian, combining human insights and machine capabilities…READ MORE– Shalin Hai-Jew for C2C Digital Magazine (Spring/Summer 2021), Instructional Designer/Researcher, Kansas State University

A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves

“In recent years, the studies on Lamb wave-based damage detection in thin-walled structures have increased by leaps and bounds. An appropriate compilation of these works is essential so that the new researchers in the field would have a consolidated formation to begin with. In other words, they would have a ‘guide’. The book, A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves, is truly such a guide. The book not only focuses on fundamental aspects of Lamb waves but also addresses various issues related to the experiments, finite element simulations, and algorithms. The chapters are rich in content, well organized, and easy to understand. I congratulate the Editor and Authors for their sincere efforts and highly recommend this book to the readers.”
Dr. Javad Rostami, KTP Associate, Ultrasonic Engineer
School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering
University of Leeds, UK

Ambient Combustion Ultrafine Particles and Health

“Drs. Brugge and Fuller have produced a timely collection of the critical research on the health effects of exposure to ultrafine particles. The book captures the collective wisdom and knowledge of some of the major contributors to this area of research and makes a compelling case for the cause-effect relationship between exposure to ultrafine particles, resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, and various adverse health outcomes. They have weaved together an outstanding body of science to tell an exciting story of scientific discovery.”
Kenneth Olden, Ph.D.
Former Director, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

“Finally, we have an authoritative book that serves as a compendium on ultrafine particle pollution in our air. Unlike particles of dust we see floating in a shaft of light or cigarette smoke, ultrafine particles are present in copious numbers and yet, are unseen. Consider every quiet breath we take is 200-300 cubic centimeters, so over the course of day we can easily inhale billons of UFPs. Ambient Combustion Ultrafine Particles and Health is pertinent not just to air pollution epidemiologists, but other professionals needing to know sources of UFP to inform design of appliances, ventilation systems and product formulations. Read this book for a new perspective on what we are all breathing.”
John D. Spengler, PhD
Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation
Department of Environmental Health
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Urban Development and Lifestyle

“As Professor at the Universitas Pembangunan Jaya, with daily activities in lecturing, doing research, as well as water resources development planning, I really praise the Nova Science Publishers for publishing selected papers from ‘2020 International Conference on Urban Sustainability, Environment, and Engineering (CUSME 2020)’. Hence, this publication would be useful for professionals, reseachers, scholar, policymakers, and NGO. I believe that currently, many professionals would like to give more attention on development of sustainable urban. In addition, this publication could be used as reference for City authorities to make appropriate policy choices to protect the provision of equitable housing, health, and transportation services.”
Prof. Ir. Frederik Josep Putuhena M.Sc., Ph.D, Center for Urban Studies – Universitas Pembangunan Jaya

Urban Development and Lifestyle are trend issues for the cities around the world. Learning from experiences is the most effective way to support the cities to be sustainable developed. This book offers the knowledge sharing among countries which covers variety of cities’ issues. It also provides the great lessons for researchers, officers and policy makers on coping with several urban problems.”
Associate Professor Sarintip Tantanee, Ph.D., Director, Center of Excellence on Energy Technology and Environment (CETE), Faculty of Engineering, Naresuan University, Thailand

Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities

“This new book, Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities, written by Dr. Semenov will draw attention of various specialists interested in detection, prediction and suppression of moving inhomogeneities auto oscillations generated by stationary subsonic and supersonic flows in the presence of solid bodies producing narrow band sound and vibrations. Book provides experimental and theoretical background for prediction of corresponding additional hydrodynamic and sound fields in atmosphere and ocean. From our point of view one of most important results presented in the book is related to theoretical explanation of unexplained before type of ultra-low frequency atmospheric sound field observed near seas and oceans. In particular, specific auto oscillations phenomena, so called, ‘voice of sea’ related to interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. Recently our institute was involved in development of its experimental measurement means necessary to control ‘voice of sea’ in environment. One of the next pioneer steps in the book is experimental proof of vortex role in flow inhomogeneities auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. It is shown that vortexes observed in body – flow interaction are mainly specific sources of flow energy losses; they can hardly contribute substantially to sound field generated due to auto oscillations. The text is rich in physical details and experimental data explaining conditions of known auto oscillations phenomena observation and providing their prediction methods as well as endorsing validity and reality of achieved results. The book is essential for any scientist, acoustics engineer and developer of sound production instruments taking a serious interest in auto oscillations application as well in its consequences suppression progress.”
Prof. Sergey N. Kulichkov, Deputy Director, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Laureate of Russian Government Prize in the Field of Physical Sciences

This book is written by an experienced specialist in acoustics of moving media and underwater hydroacoustics, Dr. Andrew (Andrey) Semenov from Acoustics Institute in Moscow, Russia. It shows insufficiency of current state-of-the art in moving media acoustics related to auto oscillations of flow inhomogeneities observed in wide range of science and technology phenomena from musical instruments to powerful rockets and airplanes. Proper understanding of auto oscillations physical mechanism is necessary to develop efficient sound sources, say, musical instruments based on flow auto oscillations as well as to suppress noise produced by airplane and missile engine jets during flight, take off and landing. Main chapters of the book are related to the detailed description of various auto oscillations phenomena observed at flow subsonic and supersonic velocities including conditions of stationary flow power transform to flow inhomogeneities oscillation, amplification and detection. This approach developed by the author together with his coauthors A.V. Rimsky-Korsakov and L.A. Bazhenova allowed better understanding physical background of so called ‘vortex sound’ phenomenon including nature of sound source and sound power dependence on Reynolds number. These results presented from the very beginning of 2000’s in Acoustical Physics Journal has attracted attention of many acousticians and engineers. One more interesting book item is related to auto oscillations of powerful rocket provided with engine of a lot of jets situated on its first stage bottom along circle. This phenomenon observed experimentally was predicted by author. Another impressive and informative chapter of the book is related to ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon generated in interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. In general, book will be useful for acousticians and technology engineers developing acoustic systems based on flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations or interested in narrow band sound radiation reduction in airplanes development and shipbuilding.”
Prof. Igor B. Esipov, Full Professor of Physics Department in I.M. Gubkin’s Oil and Gas University, Moscow, Russia, Vice Editor-in-Chief of Acoustical Physics Journal, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member

This book provides noticeable contribution to solution of actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to control of airplane and ships structures noise and vibrations related to ambient flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations. It also provides description of various corresponding sound generation phenomena. Chapters of the book are related to description of physical mechanism of various natural and artificial sources of sound field provided by auto oscillations from musical instrument and various whistles to atmospheric acoustic phenomenon observed in interaction of heavy gale wind flow with chopped ocean surface and powerful rockets. Important portion of the book is devoted to model experiments related to acoustic resonators positioned in subsonic fluid flow. It allows finding out the role of vortexes in auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. Next portions of the book are devoted to linear approach to auto oscillations of supersonic jets and review of contemporary approach to flow – body interaction auto oscillations analysis. To conclude it is worth to note that wide enough range of presented results applications is demonstrated allowing recommending the book for acousticians and engineers developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in ships and various flight vehicles.”
Prof. Victor D. Svet, Leading Research Scientist, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

This book demonstrates new approach to actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to noise and vibrations generated by flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations based on instability of flow boundaries. Feed – back mechanism of auto oscillations is based on stationary flow energy transform into flow oscillation energy in conditions of negative acoustic resistance of ‘body – flow’ oscillation system. Main basis of problem statement is evident from book Introduction already. First chapters are devoted to various subsonic and supersonic auto oscillation problems where instability conditions are derived with aid of powerful mechanism of flow boundary stability dispersion equation solution (mainly in Chapter 2). Taking into account complexity of problems stated for supersonic flows, this method allows restricting their solutions by linear approach for infinite jets, while feed-back mechanism is explained with aid of Wiener-Hopf techniques. Phenomenon of noise spectrum discrete component generation for cold supersonic jets is investigated and explained as well. Classical problem of so called ‘vortex sound’ or Aeolian tone observed in ‘cylinder – flow’ interaction is discussed in chapters 3 and 4, while in Chapter 5 original explanation of ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon is proposed. This book is recommended for acousticians and engineers working in the field of aeroacoustics and hydrodynamics developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in flight vehicles.”
-Dr. Michael A. Mironov, Head of Department, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member