Book Reviews

Book Reviews

A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves

“In recent years, the studies on Lamb wave-based damage detection in thin-walled structures have increased by leaps and bounds. An appropriate compilation of these works is essential so that the new researchers in the field would have a consolidated formation to begin with. In other words, they would have a ‘guide’. The book, A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves, is truly such a guide. The book not only focuses on fundamental aspects of Lamb waves but also addresses various issues related to the experiments, finite element simulations, and algorithms. The chapters are rich in content, well organized, and easy to understand. I congratulate the Editor and Authors for their sincere efforts and highly recommend this book to the readers.”
Dr. Javad Rostami, KTP Associate, Ultrasonic Engineer
School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering
University of Leeds, UK

Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities

“This new book, Auto Oscillations of Flow Inhomogeneities, written by Dr. Semenov will draw attention of various specialists interested in detection, prediction and suppression of moving inhomogeneities auto oscillations generated by stationary subsonic and supersonic flows in the presence of solid bodies producing narrow band sound and vibrations. Book provides experimental and theoretical background for prediction of corresponding additional hydrodynamic and sound fields in atmosphere and ocean. From our point of view one of most important results presented in the book is related to theoretical explanation of unexplained before type of ultra-low frequency atmospheric sound field observed near seas and oceans. In particular, specific auto oscillations phenomena, so called, ‘voice of sea’ related to interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. Recently our institute was involved in development of its experimental measurement means necessary to control ‘voice of sea’ in environment. One of the next pioneer steps in the book is experimental proof of vortex role in flow inhomogeneities auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. It is shown that vortexes observed in body – flow interaction are mainly specific sources of flow energy losses; they can hardly contribute substantially to sound field generated due to auto oscillations. The text is rich in physical details and experimental data explaining conditions of known auto oscillations phenomena observation and providing their prediction methods as well as endorsing validity and reality of achieved results. The book is essential for any scientist, acoustics engineer and developer of sound production instruments taking a serious interest in auto oscillations application as well in its consequences suppression progress.”
Prof. Sergey N. Kulichkov, Deputy Director, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Laureate of Russian Government Prize in the Field of Physical Sciences

This book is written by an experienced specialist in acoustics of moving media and underwater hydroacoustics, Dr. Andrew (Andrey) Semenov from Acoustics Institute in Moscow, Russia. It shows insufficiency of current state-of-the art in moving media acoustics related to auto oscillations of flow inhomogeneities observed in wide range of science and technology phenomena from musical instruments to powerful rockets and airplanes. Proper understanding of auto oscillations physical mechanism is necessary to develop efficient sound sources, say, musical instruments based on flow auto oscillations as well as to suppress noise produced by airplane and missile engine jets during flight, take off and landing. Main chapters of the book are related to the detailed description of various auto oscillations phenomena observed at flow subsonic and supersonic velocities including conditions of stationary flow power transform to flow inhomogeneities oscillation, amplification and detection. This approach developed by the author together with his coauthors A.V. Rimsky-Korsakov and L.A. Bazhenova allowed better understanding physical background of so called ‘vortex sound’ phenomenon including nature of sound source and sound power dependence on Reynolds number. These results presented from the very beginning of 2000’s in Acoustical Physics Journal has attracted attention of many acousticians and engineers. One more interesting book item is related to auto oscillations of powerful rocket provided with engine of a lot of jets situated on its first stage bottom along circle. This phenomenon observed experimentally was predicted by author. Another impressive and informative chapter of the book is related to ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon generated in interaction of heavy gale wind with chopped sea surface. In general, book will be useful for acousticians and technology engineers developing acoustic systems based on flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations or interested in narrow band sound radiation reduction in airplanes development and shipbuilding.”
Prof. Igor B. Esipov, Full Professor of Physics Department in I.M. Gubkin’s Oil and Gas University, Moscow, Russia, Vice Editor-in-Chief of Acoustical Physics Journal, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member

This book provides noticeable contribution to solution of actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to control of airplane and ships structures noise and vibrations related to ambient flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations. It also provides description of various corresponding sound generation phenomena. Chapters of the book are related to description of physical mechanism of various natural and artificial sources of sound field provided by auto oscillations from musical instrument and various whistles to atmospheric acoustic phenomenon observed in interaction of heavy gale wind flow with chopped ocean surface and powerful rockets. Important portion of the book is devoted to model experiments related to acoustic resonators positioned in subsonic fluid flow. It allows finding out the role of vortexes in auto oscillation excitation and sound generation. Next portions of the book are devoted to linear approach to auto oscillations of supersonic jets and review of contemporary approach to flow – body interaction auto oscillations analysis. To conclude it is worth to note that wide enough range of presented results applications is demonstrated allowing recommending the book for acousticians and engineers developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in ships and various flight vehicles.”
Prof. Victor D. Svet, Leading Research Scientist, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

This book demonstrates new approach to actual hydrodynamics and aeroacoustics problems related to noise and vibrations generated by flow inhomogeneities auto oscillations based on instability of flow boundaries. Feed – back mechanism of auto oscillations is based on stationary flow energy transform into flow oscillation energy in conditions of negative acoustic resistance of ‘body – flow’ oscillation system. Main basis of problem statement is evident from book Introduction already. First chapters are devoted to various subsonic and supersonic auto oscillation problems where instability conditions are derived with aid of powerful mechanism of flow boundary stability dispersion equation solution (mainly in Chapter 2). Taking into account complexity of problems stated for supersonic flows, this method allows restricting their solutions by linear approach for infinite jets, while feed-back mechanism is explained with aid of Wiener-Hopf techniques. Phenomenon of noise spectrum discrete component generation for cold supersonic jets is investigated and explained as well. Classical problem of so called ‘vortex sound’ or Aeolian tone observed in ‘cylinder – flow’ interaction is discussed in chapters 3 and 4, while in Chapter 5 original explanation of ‘voice of sea’ phenomenon is proposed. This book is recommended for acousticians and engineers working in the field of aeroacoustics and hydrodynamics developing various auto oscillations acoustic systems as well as for specialists interested in suppression of auto oscillations noise in flight vehicles.”
-Dr. Michael A. Mironov, Head of Department, Academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board Member, Acoustical Society of America Member

Glass Transition of Green Polymers and the Role of Bound Water

“I was fortunate to receive an advance copy of this manuscript and read it with great interest. Its subject is of utmost relevance to polymer scientists and will be a very welcome addition to their professional literature when it will be published. Polymers from renewable resources arguably represent the macromolecular materials of the XXI century and this book deals with a major aspect of their properties applied to two of their most important families, namely polysaccharides and lignins. The glass transition is a fundamental feature in this context, particularly in the way it is explored, viz. by studying it as a function of the moisture content in these mostly hydrophilic materials. The so-called “bound water” has intrigued and challenged researchers for decades and it finds here an illuminating treatment. The book deals with its subject with a comprehensive and thorough approach and discusses the results in a highly convincing fashion. In other words, this monograph is indeed a trove of rich and deep information. Apart from these scientific qualities, I fully appreciated the inclusion of a very detailed experimental treatment, which is so important if one should be sure to obtain reliable results, which are not straightforward in this particular context. It follows therefore that I strongly recommend this original volume to polymer scientists and industrial practitioners, as well as to both undergraduate and research students.”
Professor Alessandro Gandini
Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos, Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais

“When polymeric biomaterials are designed, the role of “intermediate water concept” takes important role. Structural/dynamical change of water acts crucial role on bio-compatibility/bio-inertness/non-fouling based on interfacial structure/dynamics at bio-interfaces. In order to design novel bio-compatible materials, it is important to know specific features of green polymers characterised via interaction with water molecules. This book describes the molecular relaxation of green polymers, especially the thermodynamic concept of wide range of green polymers, and the bound water. Historical background of research field of “water-biomaterial interaction” indicates that scientists have paid attention to the molecular motion of polymers in the presence of water for a long time. In this book, thermodynamic concept of green polymers and the bound water is found in Chapter 2. Various techniques to measure the molecular motion of green polymers in wet conditions are explained in Chapter 3. Glass transition behaviour of green polymers and the model compounds is described in chapters 4 and 5. It is recommended to young scientists who are investigating bio-compatible materials to read this book to develop background knowledge of “nature”. I plan on finding ways to share this book with my teaching class as well as laboratory meetings in terms of design of innovative materials in the coexistence of water. I believe that all scientists will become more aware of the role of water molecules at the water-material interfaces after reading this book.”
Masaru Tanaka, PhD, Professor, Soft Materials Chemistry
Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Future Space Problems and Their Solutions

The book is very impressive. Joseph J. Smulsky considers grandiose projects: the optimal approach of the spacecraft to the Sun, the transformation of asteroids into satellites of the Earth, the creation of new planets like the Earth, etc. Without doubt that the space agencies will use the solutions and soft, which are discussed and presented in the book. That will raise the computation culture in the area under consideration.”
Michael P. Anisimov
Dr. Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Leading Research Scientist, Head of the Nanoaerosol Laboratory, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences Novosibirsk, Russia;
Research Professor, Clarkson University, NY, USA

“Today it is customary to speak of the Universe as a product of the Big Bang, which gave rise to the mystery of dark matter, expanding Universe and other tempting but badly comprehend realities. Joseph J. Smulsky gives the chance to feel harmony of the world, to see it in the image of reasonable classical simplicity peculiar to Isaak Newton’s mechanics. The elegance of simplicity and the complexity of the system appear in their mathematically comprehended unity.”
Vladislav V. Cheshev
Professor of the National Research Tomsk State University, Russia

“The problems of gravitational interaction of bodies are extremely diverse. The author considers the situations most significant for the space exploration and to the preservation of life conditions on the Earth-planet. The developed program Galactica can be of interest for professionals and students of the relevant specialties, as for as it allows to apply the received data for the analysis of various problems of celestial mechanics.”
Boris F. Boyarshinov
Doctor of Technical Sciences
Institute of Thermophysics, SB RAS
Novosibirsk, Russia

“Environment and human well-being are due to many factors, including the influence of movements of cosmic bodies both in the Solar system and beyond. The proposed monograph provides an excellent opportunity to predict the motion and rotation of planets, to optimize the flights of spaceships by means of a sufficiently simple to assimilate the program Galactica. A lot of worries are caused by possible collisions of comets and asteroids with the Earth. The examples of the most dangerous two asteroids show the capabilities of the Galactica program to calculate their evolution. These opportunities are wider than they are presented in the book. But even what is given impresses with its multifaceted tasks and their scale.”
Nicolay E. Shishkin
Doctor of Technical Sciences
Institute of Thermophysics, SB RAS
Novosibirsk, Russia

“In the newly published monograph “A New Astronomical Theory of the Ice Ages”, the author considers the problem as a whole within the time range of 20 million years. The material of the book is presented in the form that is easy to understand by broad masses of readers. The main results related to solution of differential equations of the orbital and rotational movements of the Earth are presented at the end of the book and in the Appendix…READ MORE
V.E. Zharov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Faculty of Physics, Department of Celestial Mechanics, Astrometry and Gravimetry
Russia
Published in Earth’s Cryosphere Scientific Journal 2019

Click here for a Review in Russian by L.M. Green, Academician and Published in Earth and the Universe, 5/2019

Seismology

This book offers a comprehensive physical theory of the earthquakes. The presentation level is rather mathematical, but thorough physical explanations are provided everywhere. It is an original monograph of Seismology, intended for the use of students, researchers and the public who wish to become familiar with the physics and mathematics of earthquakes. It provides the understanding of the earthquakes and specific knowledge we may have of them. The author is a scientific researcher in the Institute for Earth’s Physics at Magurele, with scientific publications on the theory of elasticity, focal mechanism of earthquakes, seismic waves and statistical analysis of seismic events.

Relativizing Newton

“The presented ingenious physical conclusions of the new IR theory are well understandable, because one needs just a high-school level of mathematical skill to follow them. So I wish that the book will become a bestseller educating the next generation of physics students.” READ MORE…Dr. Hermann Otto, Professor Emeritus of Materials Research and Crystallography, Clausthal University of Technology, Germany

For more information about this book, please click here.

Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering

“This book is an exceptional compilation of the key fundamentals and applications of dynamic light scattering from both material characterization and biomedical perspectives. In the first section, it captures the emerging trends and applicability of light scattering in nanotechnology and in establishing a metric for nanoparticles. This book not only focuses on the traditional nanoparticles, but highlights the recent findings on more complex nanostructures. Usefulness of dynamic light scattering in assessing the self-assembly and size of these next-generation nanostructures such as stimuli-responsive di-block copolymers is represented in an excellent fashion. The second section of this book is an extraordinary presentation of the immense capabilities of dynamic light scattering in the field of pharmaceuticals and biologically derived materials such as natural phytochemicals. It also highlights the future applications of this technique. This book is exceptional and unlike any other textbooks on dynamic light scattering because it couples the immense potential of dynamic light scattering technique in two major fields – nanotechnology and biology. It will provide the students and researchers of the field with the complete fundamentals of dynamic light scattering as well as the novel applications. Therefore, I highly recommend Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering for our students, researchers, and faculty.” – Dr. Soubantika Palchoudhury, Assistant Professor and graduate co-ordinator, Chemical Engineering, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA

“Jaison and Michael have compiled an important resource for the recent trends in dynamic scattering studies. This well-written edited book provides coverage of the working principle, the mathematical models and the different types of DLS analysis methods as well as its application in various fields. Anyone involved in the characterization of nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals to environmental studies and protein analysis will treasure this book because it provides another avenue to learn and understand the in-depth knowledge on DLS.” – John Lau Sie Yon, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, Sarawak, Malaysia

“The book Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering edited by Dr. Jaison and Prof. Michael Danquah is a well-compiled book which covers almost each aspect of DLS technique from theory, principle, distinct equations to understand this technique in depth and its application in various field. Each chapter in this book adds on to the knowledge about DLS technique and provides immense details to use this technique in their research. This book covers the application of this technique in both material science and biological science, and thus, I believe the book will be an essential guide for researchers working in these fields, especially with micro and nanosized particles. Congratulations to both the editors for compiling chapters on different aspects of DLS from experienced researchers in the field and compile them chronologically for understanding this technique for a range of audience – from undergraduates to professors and scientists.” – Dr. Ahmed Barhoum, Researcher at European Institute of Membranes, University of Montpellier and Lecturer (tenured) of Nanotechnology at Chemistry Department, Helwan University, Egypt

For more information about this book, please click here.

Structure of Matter

This book is unique in the field of Quantum Mechanics and its applications. It is really different from others. It is comprehensive and written with an attractive personal style. In particular, key issues related to Quasi-Classical Quantum Mechanics are treated with rigor and mathematical elegance (consider the roots of Quantum Mechanics). Subjects as wave functions, scattering , measurement, as well as applications to Condensed Mattter Physics, Atomic Physics, and Molecular Physics are tackled very satisfactorily. In particular, the Thomas-Fermi theory, metallic cohesion, Berry phase, and a new type of inter-atomic potentials are examined exhaustively. In relation to these potentials, the theory presented by the author is the only theory of this kind. In addition, the quantum theory of radiation and problems upon tunneling are studied in a singular way. The book in question improves substantially the state of the art, it is technically correct, and is well referenced. I recommend publication. – Dr. Maria-Angeles Grado-Caffaro, Scientific Consultant, partner at Sapienza-Studies, Spain

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Bubble Nucleation and Dynamics

“This monograph concerns small bubbles in nonequilibrium situations. Describing nucleation phenomena requires that the continuum assumption be supplemented with models of molecular activity and kinetic theory. Much of this book reviews the authors original research. It is an updated version of a work originally published in Korean. The first five chapters deal with the origin and early growth of bubbles; vapor bubble formation in liquids, superheat heat limit of liquids, gaseous bubble formation in solutions, formation of bubbles in cavities, and condensation and vaporization on flat surfaces. The following four chapters concern bubble dynamics. Events are described using a set of analytical solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with spherical symmetry. Sonoluminescence phenomena is discussed from a hydrodynamics viewpoint. One chapter is devoted to shock wave propagation in bubbly mixtures. Another chapter deals with the gravitational collapse of Newtonian stars and the core collapse of supernovas. This analysis also is relevant to a fire-ball generated by TNT explosion underwater. An engineer or scientist working with bubbles phenomena needs to be acquainted with the results in this monograph.” – Ronald L. Panton, Emeritus J. H. Herring Centennial Professor, Walker Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; Author of “Incompressible Flow,” a well-known graduate test in Fluid Mechanics

“This book is a remarkable culmination of the author’s lifelong love and study of the bubble. It offers the extensive account of relevant materials in a manner so thorough but still readable that it will undoubtedly mark the fundamental reference for everyone in its field to keep.” – Wonho Jhe, Professor at Seoul National University, Associate editor of Applied Nanoscience

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Introduction to Micromechanics (Second Edition)

“Professor Le’s new version of this book is an ambitious attempt to combine some of the classic mathematical approaches to the micromechanics of solids with recent attempts to develop a thermodynamic basis for understanding these phenomena. Le has made fundamental contributions to both aspects of this field of investigation. I am very pleased to see that he is making his work broadly accessible in this publication.” – James S. Langer, University of California Santa Barbara, USA

“This is a competent text on the mechanics of large deformation written by an expert who has been teaching the subject for years. He knows the students´ demands and satisfies them by a clear exposition of the basics, and he helps the students to gain expertise in the field through intelligent exercises. I recommend the book for advanced students; they can acquire a solid knowledge particularly about the mathematically demanding subject of dislocation analysis.“ – Ingo Müller, Technical University Berlin, Germany

“In this most interesting and timely book several strongly nonlinear phenomena in continuum elastic solids, including phase transitions, dislocational plasticity and brittle fracture, are finally treated from the same general perspective. The presentation is both original and personal. The book offers wealth of information which is otherwise dispersed in research papers and is difficult to access. The inclusion of challenging problems that are solved in full detail makes this book particularly useful for students interested in mastering this fast growing field of research at the crossroads of applied mathematics, mechanics, materials science and condensed matter physics.” – Lev Truskinovsky, ESPCI Paris, France

For more information about this book, please click here.