Book Reviews

Introduction to Micromechanics (Second Edition)

“Professor Le’s new version of this book is an ambitious attempt to combine some of the classic mathematical approaches to the micromechanics of solids with recent attempts to develop a thermodynamic basis for understanding these phenomena. Le has made fundamental contributions to both aspects of this field of investigation. I am very pleased to see that he is making his work broadly accessible in this publication.” - James S. Langer, University of California Santa Barbara, USA

"This is a competent text on the mechanics of large deformation written by an expert who has been teaching the subject for years. He knows the students´ demands and satisfies them by a clear exposition of the basics, and he helps the students to gain expertise in the field through intelligent exercises. I recommend the book for advanced students; they can acquire a solid knowledge particularly about the mathematically demanding subject of dislocation analysis.“ - Ingo Müller, Technical University Berlin, Germany

“In this most interesting and timely book several strongly nonlinear phenomena in continuum elastic solids, including phase transitions, dislocational plasticity and brittle fracture, are finally treated from the same general perspective. The presentation is both original and personal. The book offers wealth of information which is otherwise dispersed in research papers and is difficult to access. The inclusion of challenging problems that are solved in full detail makes this book particularly useful for students interested in mastering this fast growing field of research at the crossroads of applied mathematics, mechanics, materials science and condensed matter physics.” - Lev Truskinovsky, ESPCI Paris, France

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Quantum Mechanics Upon Theorems

"The basic concepts and pictures of quantum mechanics in this textbook are easy to understand due to using the mathematical and analytical mechanics methods, the concepts, pictures, and equations, are self-contained." READ MORE... - Zhang Xin-Wei, Professor, Academician of Chinese Engineering Academy

"...In terms of a series of interesting stories in the processes of development of quantum mechanics, this textbook emphasizes some experiences and lessons which are worth to note for the future development of the physics." READ MORE... - Chongyu Wang, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in Spintronics

“Spintronics” is the field wherein the net spin of an ensemble of electrons is non-zero. One can monitor the degree of spin polarization in order to study the source of the spin polarization and/or use the polarized electrons to control the behavior of another system. The degree of polarization can be controlled by varying the electric current passing through a layer of metal whose electrons are spin polarized.

This monograph deals with the use of spin polarized electrons to affect the behavior of a magnetic layer, either ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic. The magnetic layer is macroscopic in that it contains many electrons, perhaps as many as one hundred thousand, yet small enough as to be able to exhibit the phenomenon of “macroscopic quantum tunneling” - referred to as “MQT”. MQT is a phenomenon that occurs at the crossover between the quantum level and the microscopic level and has been richly studied for the past few decades in a number of systems. To observe MQT of magnetization, the magnetization is oriented, typically by an external magnetic field, so that its energy is in a potential well with a barrier of extremely small height so that the magnetization can spontaneously make a transition into a neighboring well at a reasonably large rate.

The transition rate is affected by dissipation. For an isolated sample of a magnetic layer, the dissipation is fixed. However, since spin polarization contributes to the dissipation, our ability to control the degree of spin polarization allows us to control the degree of dissipation in the magnetic layer. That control is an extremely useful tool in a study of the effect of dissipation on MQT.

The ultimate goal of this monograph is to provide the reader with the transition rates of a ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic layer that has various crystalline structures. The author has been a leader in the field of making these complex calculations so that the results should be of great use to researchers in this field.

The reader should certainly have studied quantum theory at an advanced level. To follow the calculations, the reader should have a background in the use of path integrals to calculate transitions rates for MQT." - Leon Gunther, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Tufts University

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Layered Structure Effects as Realisation of Anizotropy in Magnetic, Galvanomagnetic and Thermoelectric Phenomena

"Modern technologies turn the fancies of physicists into reality. “God created crystals, but man created superlattices!” – this is a well-known aphorism of Leo Esaki, the Nobel Prize laureate, about new semiconductor materials based on the ordered nanostructures whose quantum characteristics can be changed in the intended direction. Physicists create a wonderful world for charge carriers in such materials: like Alice in Wonderland, conduction electrons can move at researcher’s wish, from a conventional 3-dimensional to low-dimensional world, where their motion is restricted within one or 2 coordinates." READ MORE... - V.T. Maslyuk, D.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of Photonuclear Processes Department, Institute of Electron Physics of the NAS of Ukraine

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Global Geometry of Space-Times with Shells

"One can never learn too much about elementary solutions of General Relativity. In this book, the authors provide a general global description, using Israel matching conditions, of spherically symmetric spacetimes with thin shell sources, charged or neutral, in spacetimes that are themselves asymptotically Schwarzschild or Reissner-Nordstrom, and have various charged/neutral interiors. This book will provide an authoritative, useful, basis for further explorations of the Einstein-Maxwell system, and its extensions both to wider models and more complex sources.” - Stanley Deser, PhD., Professor Emeritus of Physics, Brandeis University, USA

"Thin shells and surface layers are increasingly used to model gravitational collapse and phase transitions in general relativity and cosmology. However, a textbook treatment of these topics is still hard to find in the current literature. This book nicely fills the gap. The techniques are illustrated by focusing on the dynamics of charged spherical shells in a variety of backgrounds. Recommended for students and practitioners who want to add this useful tool to their armory.” - Werner Israel, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria, Canada

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Cosmic Ray History

"The book is very useful and comprehensive review of the milestones and of selected important results in cosmic ray (CR) physics obtained since its discovery until present, in the series of Space Science, Exploration and Policies of NOVA. Division into five parts including the chapters within each of the part, is done based on extensive and detailed knowledge of the important subjects related not only to CR physics, but also to high energy physics, physics of the atmosphere, space plasma physics etc." READ MORE... - Karel Kudela, Professor, Institute of Experimental Physics, Former Head of Space Physics Department of IEP SAS in Kosice and PI of Cosmic Ray Observatory on Lomnitsky Stit.

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Optical Spectroscopy: Technology, Properties and Performance

"The book is an excellent one in the field of optical spectroscopy of materials, including both science and technology. It is written by outstanding specialista in optical spectroscopy. The book includes 2 chapters written by Dr. Nicolae Tomozeiu and 2 chapters written by Hideo Takeuchi. The book treat at a high level both the science and technology of measurement and interpretation of the results." READ MORE... - Professor Mihai Popescu, National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest, Magurele, Romania

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Quantum Mechanics: Principles, New Perspectives, Extensions and Interpretation

"Rather than ordinary axiomatic approach, this textbook proves 52 theorems and 12 corollaries, and thus establishes the quantum mechanics upon demonstrations. Based on the proved theorem of watershed between classical and quantum physics, this textbook solves with confidence the contradiction between quantum mechanics and general theory of relativity. This contradiction is thought as a 21 century difficult problem in physics." READ MORE... - Chongyu Wang, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

"I think that "Quantum Mechanics upon Theorem" makes quantum mechanics at the first time to go from postulates to demonstrations. Although the history of quantum physics is more than 100 years, it is a big regret that until now all its basic concepts and pictures, such as uncertainty relation, wave-particle duality, operator representation, still stop at stage of postulates, and thus the basis of quantum mechanics is not very firm." READ MORE... - Wei-xin Zhang, Professor, Academician of Chinese Engineering Academy

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The Infinite History of NOW: A Timeless Background for Contemporary Physics

"In their book The Infinite History of Now, the authors Davide Fiscaletti and Amrit Srecko Sorli present a revolutionary concept of our understanding of time. I remember a discussion with my colleagues about the question if time, as a physical quantity, can be completely removed from physics (in principle, of course). In a mechanical concept, time is a measure of change, for example, a change of position of an object." READ MORE... - Dr. Lubos Neslusan, Astronomical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences

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Advanced Quantum Mechanics upon Theorems

This textbook has the following four prominent characteristics:

1. Easy to understand. For example, the commutation relations of quantum fields and their canonical conjugate momenta are given by a theorem instead of assumption in all other now available textbooks on advanced quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.
2. Exactness. For example, I have never read so exact treatment for the infinite time in scattering processes in all other textbooks.
3. High scientific lever. For example, the explanations for non-Debye relaxation, 1/f noise, and microscopic superconductivity have high scientific level.
4. Enlightenment. For example, the possible energy nonconservation in cold fusion and internal conversion in atomic nuclear offers a few commonplace remarks by way of introduction so that others may come up with valuable opinions. - Chung-yu Wang, Professor of Tsinghua University, Academican of the Academy of Sciences of China

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