Book Reviews

Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in Spintronics

“Spintronics” is the field wherein the net spin of an ensemble of electrons is non-zero. One can monitor the degree of spin polarization in order to study the source of the spin polarization and/or use the polarized electrons to control the behavior of another system. The degree of polarization can be controlled by varying the electric current passing through a layer of metal whose electrons are spin polarized.

This monograph deals with the use of spin polarized electrons to affect the behavior of a magnetic layer, either ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic. The magnetic layer is macroscopic in that it contains many electrons, perhaps as many as one hundred thousand, yet small enough as to be able to exhibit the phenomenon of “macroscopic quantum tunneling” - referred to as “MQT”. MQT is a phenomenon that occurs at the crossover between the quantum level and the microscopic level and has been richly studied for the past few decades in a number of systems. To observe MQT of magnetization, the magnetization is oriented, typically by an external magnetic field, so that its energy is in a potential well with a barrier of extremely small height so that the magnetization can spontaneously make a transition into a neighboring well at a reasonably large rate.

The transition rate is affected by dissipation. For an isolated sample of a magnetic layer, the dissipation is fixed. However, since spin polarization contributes to the dissipation, our ability to control the degree of spin polarization allows us to control the degree of dissipation in the magnetic layer. That control is an extremely useful tool in a study of the effect of dissipation on MQT.

The ultimate goal of this monograph is to provide the reader with the transition rates of a ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic layer that has various crystalline structures. The author has been a leader in the field of making these complex calculations so that the results should be of great use to researchers in this field.

The reader should certainly have studied quantum theory at an advanced level. To follow the calculations, the reader should have a background in the use of path integrals to calculate transitions rates for MQT." - Leon Gunther, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Tufts University

For more information about this book, please click here.

Layered Structure Effects as Realisation of Anizotropy in Magnetic, Galvanomagnetic and Thermoelectric Phenomena

"Modern technologies turn the fancies of physicists into reality. “God created crystals, but man created superlattices!” – this is a well-known aphorism of Leo Esaki, the Nobel Prize laureate, about new semiconductor materials based on the ordered nanostructures whose quantum characteristics can be changed in the intended direction. Physicists create a wonderful world for charge carriers in such materials: like Alice in Wonderland, conduction electrons can move at researcher’s wish, from a conventional 3-dimensional to low-dimensional world, where their motion is restricted within one or 2 coordinates." READ MORE... - V.T. Maslyuk, D.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of Photonuclear Processes Department, Institute of Electron Physics of the NAS of Ukraine

For more information about this book, please click here.

Global Geometry of Space-Times with Shells

"One can never learn too much about elementary solutions of General Relativity. In this book, the authors provide a general global description, using Israel matching conditions, of spherically symmetric spacetimes with thin shell sources, charged or neutral, in spacetimes that are themselves asymptotically Schwarzschild or Reissner-Nordstrom, and have various charged/neutral interiors. This book will provide an authoritative, useful, basis for further explorations of the Einstein-Maxwell system, and its extensions both to wider models and more complex sources.” - Stanley Deser, PhD., Professor Emeritus of Physics, Brandeis University, USA

"Thin shells and surface layers are increasingly used to model gravitational collapse and phase transitions in general relativity and cosmology. However, a textbook treatment of these topics is still hard to find in the current literature. This book nicely fills the gap. The techniques are illustrated by focusing on the dynamics of charged spherical shells in a variety of backgrounds. Recommended for students and practitioners who want to add this useful tool to their armory.” - Werner Israel, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria, Canada

For more information about this book, please click here.

Cosmic Ray History

"The book is very useful and comprehensive review of the milestones and of selected important results in cosmic ray (CR) physics obtained since its discovery until present, in the series of Space Science, Exploration and Policies of NOVA. Division into five parts including the chapters within each of the part, is done based on extensive and detailed knowledge of the important subjects related not only to CR physics, but also to high energy physics, physics of the atmosphere, space plasma physics etc." READ MORE... - Karel Kudela, Professor, Institute of Experimental Physics, Former Head of Space Physics Department of IEP SAS in Kosice and PI of Cosmic Ray Observatory on Lomnitsky Stit.

For more information about this book, please click here.

Optical Spectroscopy: Technology, Properties and Performance

"The book is an excellent one in the field of optical spectroscopy of materials, including both science and technology. It is written by outstanding specialista in optical spectroscopy. The book includes 2 chapters written by Dr. Nicolae Tomozeiu and 2 chapters written by Hideo Takeuchi. The book treat at a high level both the science and technology of measurement and interpretation of the results." READ MORE... - Professor Mihai Popescu, National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest, Magurele, Romania

For more information about this book, please click here.

Quantum Mechanics: Principles, New Perspectives, Extensions and Interpretation

"Rather than ordinary axiomatic approach, this textbook proves 52 theorems and 12 corollaries, and thus establishes the quantum mechanics upon demonstrations. Based on the proved theorem of watershed between classical and quantum physics, this textbook solves with confidence the contradiction between quantum mechanics and general theory of relativity. This contradiction is thought as a 21 century difficult problem in physics." READ MORE... - Chongyu Wang, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

"I think that "Quantum Mechanics upon Theorem" makes quantum mechanics at the first time to go from postulates to demonstrations. Although the history of quantum physics is more than 100 years, it is a big regret that until now all its basic concepts and pictures, such as uncertainty relation, wave-particle duality, operator representation, still stop at stage of postulates, and thus the basis of quantum mechanics is not very firm." READ MORE... - Wei-xin Zhang, Professor, Academician of Chinese Engineering Academy

For more information about this book, please click here.

The Infinite History of NOW: A Timeless Background for Contemporary Physics

"In their book The Infinite History of Now, the authors Davide Fiscaletti and Amrit Srecko Sorli present a revolutionary concept of our understanding of time. I remember a discussion with my colleagues about the question if time, as a physical quantity, can be completely removed from physics (in principle, of course). In a mechanical concept, time is a measure of change, for example, a change of position of an object." READ MORE... - Dr. Lubos Neslusan, Astronomical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences

For more information about this book, please click here.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics upon Theorems

This textbook has the following four prominent characteristics:

1. Easy to understand. For example, the commutation relations of quantum fields and their canonical conjugate momenta are given by a theorem instead of assumption in all other now available textbooks on advanced quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.
2. Exactness. For example, I have never read so exact treatment for the infinite time in scattering processes in all other textbooks.
3. High scientific lever. For example, the explanations for non-Debye relaxation, 1/f noise, and microscopic superconductivity have high scientific level.
4. Enlightenment. For example, the possible energy nonconservation in cold fusion and internal conversion in atomic nuclear offers a few commonplace remarks by way of introduction so that others may come up with valuable opinions. - Chung-yu Wang, Professor of Tsinghua University, Academican of the Academy of Sciences of China

For more information about this book, please click here.

Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials

"Calcium fluoride, CaF2, occurs naturally as the mineral fluorite which lends its name to the deceptively simple cubic structure of four FCC Ca atoms and eight tetrahedrally coordinated F atoms. In simplicity often lies rich diversity, this is certainly the case with materials with the fluorite structure. The book “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” Edited by Peter Vajda and Jean-Marc Costantini demonstrates how such diversity in fluorite materials arrives from small changes in stoichiometry." READ MORE... - Dr. Clark S. Snow, Principal Member of the Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

"There are not many books dedicated to materials properties of a specific crystal structure type. “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” edited by Peter Vajda and Jean­‐Marc Costantini, is one of them." READ MORE... - Professor Klaus Yvon, Physics Department, University of Geneva, Switzerland

For more information about this book, please click here.

Quark Matter: From Subquarks to the Universe

“Needless to say, the author is one of the founders and world leaders of the subquark model and the pregeometry. This book offers an excellent introduction to the theories with his comprehensive insights into the Universe, including ideas of strange stars and inconstancy of fundamental constants. The episodes on the famous Nobel Laureates, Abdus Salam and Andrei Sakharov with him are also interesting.” - Keiichi Akama, Co-recipient of the Gravity Research Foundation Award in 1982

"This is an interesting book written from a lofty view by Dr. Hidezumi Terazawa who makes his efforts to avoid complicated mathematics so much that other than specialists can follow whole things without any troubles. The author aims ambitiously to show the way of grasping our universe and peculiar phenomena in it from the standpoint of model of subquarks where every entity in the standard model of elementary particles as well as in the Einstein gravity should be composite state of subquarks, in contrast to the mainstream of the present way of thinking. Besides physics, the author includes valuable stories about Dr. Salam and Dr. Sakharov with him, for he was a rare and precious Japanese friend of them. Even only of these parts would be worth reading to those laypersons unfamiliar with physics." - Yuichi Chikashige, Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan

"This book contains the author's research history of how to create new ideas such as Subquarks, Pregeometry and General Inconstancy, which were influenced by his close relationship to Abdus Salam and Andrei Sakharov, the greatest physicists of the 20th century. The readers can learn much about the imagination in Physics." - Masaki Yasue, Tokai University, Kanagawa, Japan

For more information about this book, please click here.