Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Seismology

This book offers a comprehensive physical theory of the earthquakes. The presentation level is rather mathematical, but thorough physical explanations are provided everywhere. It is an original monograph of Seismology, intended for the use of students, researchers and the public who wish to become familiar with the physics and mathematics of earthquakes. It provides the understanding of the earthquakes and specific knowledge we may have of them. The author is a scientific researcher in the Institute for Earth's Physics at Magurele, with scientific publications on the theory of elasticity, focal mechanism of earthquakes, seismic waves and statistical analysis of seismic events.

Relativizing Newton

"The presented ingenious physical conclusions of the new IR theory are well understandable, because one needs just a high-school level of mathematical skill to follow them. So I wish that the book will become a bestseller educating the next generation of physics students." READ MORE... - Dr. Hermann Otto, Professor Emeritus of Materials Research and Crystallography, Clausthal University of Technology, Germany

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Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering

“This book is an exceptional compilation of the key fundamentals and applications of dynamic light scattering from both material characterization and biomedical perspectives. In the first section, it captures the emerging trends and applicability of light scattering in nanotechnology and in establishing a metric for nanoparticles. This book not only focuses on the traditional nanoparticles, but highlights the recent findings on more complex nanostructures. Usefulness of dynamic light scattering in assessing the self-assembly and size of these next-generation nanostructures such as stimuli-responsive di-block copolymers is represented in an excellent fashion. The second section of this book is an extraordinary presentation of the immense capabilities of dynamic light scattering in the field of pharmaceuticals and biologically derived materials such as natural phytochemicals. It also highlights the future applications of this technique. This book is exceptional and unlike any other textbooks on dynamic light scattering because it couples the immense potential of dynamic light scattering technique in two major fields – nanotechnology and biology. It will provide the students and researchers of the field with the complete fundamentals of dynamic light scattering as well as the novel applications. Therefore, I highly recommend Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering for our students, researchers, and faculty.” - Dr. Soubantika Palchoudhury, Assistant Professor and graduate co-ordinator, Chemical Engineering, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA

“Jaison and Michael have compiled an important resource for the recent trends in dynamic scattering studies. This well-written edited book provides coverage of the working principle, the mathematical models and the different types of DLS analysis methods as well as its application in various fields. Anyone involved in the characterization of nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals to environmental studies and protein analysis will treasure this book because it provides another avenue to learn and understand the in-depth knowledge on DLS.” - John Lau Sie Yon, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, Sarawak, Malaysia

“The book Research Advances in Dynamic Light Scattering edited by Dr. Jaison and Prof. Michael Danquah is a well-compiled book which covers almost each aspect of DLS technique from theory, principle, distinct equations to understand this technique in depth and its application in various field. Each chapter in this book adds on to the knowledge about DLS technique and provides immense details to use this technique in their research. This book covers the application of this technique in both material science and biological science, and thus, I believe the book will be an essential guide for researchers working in these fields, especially with micro and nanosized particles. Congratulations to both the editors for compiling chapters on different aspects of DLS from experienced researchers in the field and compile them chronologically for understanding this technique for a range of audience – from undergraduates to professors and scientists.” - Dr. Ahmed Barhoum, Researcher at European Institute of Membranes, University of Montpellier and Lecturer (tenured) of Nanotechnology at Chemistry Department, Helwan University, Egypt

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Structure of Matter

This book is unique in the field of Quantum Mechanics and its applications. It is really different from others. It is comprehensive and written with an attractive personal style. In particular, key issues related to Quasi-Classical Quantum Mechanics are treated with rigor and mathematical elegance (consider the roots of Quantum Mechanics). Subjects as wave functions, scattering , measurement, as well as applications to Condensed Mattter Physics, Atomic Physics, and Molecular Physics are tackled very satisfactorily. In particular, the Thomas-Fermi theory, metallic cohesion, Berry phase, and a new type of inter-atomic potentials are examined exhaustively. In relation to these potentials, the theory presented by the author is the only theory of this kind. In addition, the quantum theory of radiation and problems upon tunneling are studied in a singular way. The book in question improves substantially the state of the art, it is technically correct, and is well referenced. I recommend publication. - Dr. Maria-Angeles Grado-Caffaro, Scientific Consultant, partner at Sapienza-Studies, Spain

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Bubble Nucleation and Dynamics

“This monograph concerns small bubbles in nonequilibrium situations. Describing nucleation phenomena requires that the continuum assumption be supplemented with models of molecular activity and kinetic theory. Much of this book reviews the authors original research. It is an updated version of a work originally published in Korean. The first five chapters deal with the origin and early growth of bubbles; vapor bubble formation in liquids, superheat heat limit of liquids, gaseous bubble formation in solutions, formation of bubbles in cavities, and condensation and vaporization on flat surfaces. The following four chapters concern bubble dynamics. Events are described using a set of analytical solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with spherical symmetry. Sonoluminescence phenomena is discussed from a hydrodynamics viewpoint. One chapter is devoted to shock wave propagation in bubbly mixtures. Another chapter deals with the gravitational collapse of Newtonian stars and the core collapse of supernovas. This analysis also is relevant to a fire-ball generated by TNT explosion underwater. An engineer or scientist working with bubbles phenomena needs to be acquainted with the results in this monograph.” - Ronald L. Panton, Emeritus J. H. Herring Centennial Professor, Walker Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; Author of “Incompressible Flow,” a well-known graduate test in Fluid Mechanics

“This book is a remarkable culmination of the author’s lifelong love and study of the bubble. It offers the extensive account of relevant materials in a manner so thorough but still readable that it will undoubtedly mark the fundamental reference for everyone in its field to keep.” - Wonho Jhe, Professor at Seoul National University, Associate editor of Applied Nanoscience

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Introduction to Micromechanics (Second Edition)

“Professor Le’s new version of this book is an ambitious attempt to combine some of the classic mathematical approaches to the micromechanics of solids with recent attempts to develop a thermodynamic basis for understanding these phenomena. Le has made fundamental contributions to both aspects of this field of investigation. I am very pleased to see that he is making his work broadly accessible in this publication.” - James S. Langer, University of California Santa Barbara, USA

"This is a competent text on the mechanics of large deformation written by an expert who has been teaching the subject for years. He knows the students´ demands and satisfies them by a clear exposition of the basics, and he helps the students to gain expertise in the field through intelligent exercises. I recommend the book for advanced students; they can acquire a solid knowledge particularly about the mathematically demanding subject of dislocation analysis.“ - Ingo Müller, Technical University Berlin, Germany

“In this most interesting and timely book several strongly nonlinear phenomena in continuum elastic solids, including phase transitions, dislocational plasticity and brittle fracture, are finally treated from the same general perspective. The presentation is both original and personal. The book offers wealth of information which is otherwise dispersed in research papers and is difficult to access. The inclusion of challenging problems that are solved in full detail makes this book particularly useful for students interested in mastering this fast growing field of research at the crossroads of applied mathematics, mechanics, materials science and condensed matter physics.” - Lev Truskinovsky, ESPCI Paris, France

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Quantum Mechanics Upon Theorems

"The basic concepts and pictures of quantum mechanics in this textbook are easy to understand due to using the mathematical and analytical mechanics methods, the concepts, pictures, and equations, are self-contained." READ MORE... - Zhang Xin-Wei, Professor, Academician of Chinese Engineering Academy

"...In terms of a series of interesting stories in the processes of development of quantum mechanics, this textbook emphasizes some experiences and lessons which are worth to note for the future development of the physics." READ MORE... - Chongyu Wang, Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena in Spintronics

“Spintronics” is the field wherein the net spin of an ensemble of electrons is non-zero. One can monitor the degree of spin polarization in order to study the source of the spin polarization and/or use the polarized electrons to control the behavior of another system. The degree of polarization can be controlled by varying the electric current passing through a layer of metal whose electrons are spin polarized.

This monograph deals with the use of spin polarized electrons to affect the behavior of a magnetic layer, either ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic. The magnetic layer is macroscopic in that it contains many electrons, perhaps as many as one hundred thousand, yet small enough as to be able to exhibit the phenomenon of “macroscopic quantum tunneling” - referred to as “MQT”. MQT is a phenomenon that occurs at the crossover between the quantum level and the microscopic level and has been richly studied for the past few decades in a number of systems. To observe MQT of magnetization, the magnetization is oriented, typically by an external magnetic field, so that its energy is in a potential well with a barrier of extremely small height so that the magnetization can spontaneously make a transition into a neighboring well at a reasonably large rate.

The transition rate is affected by dissipation. For an isolated sample of a magnetic layer, the dissipation is fixed. However, since spin polarization contributes to the dissipation, our ability to control the degree of spin polarization allows us to control the degree of dissipation in the magnetic layer. That control is an extremely useful tool in a study of the effect of dissipation on MQT.

The ultimate goal of this monograph is to provide the reader with the transition rates of a ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic layer that has various crystalline structures. The author has been a leader in the field of making these complex calculations so that the results should be of great use to researchers in this field.

The reader should certainly have studied quantum theory at an advanced level. To follow the calculations, the reader should have a background in the use of path integrals to calculate transitions rates for MQT." - Leon Gunther, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Tufts University

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Layered Structure Effects as Realisation of Anizotropy in Magnetic, Galvanomagnetic and Thermoelectric Phenomena

"Modern technologies turn the fancies of physicists into reality. “God created crystals, but man created superlattices!” – this is a well-known aphorism of Leo Esaki, the Nobel Prize laureate, about new semiconductor materials based on the ordered nanostructures whose quantum characteristics can be changed in the intended direction. Physicists create a wonderful world for charge carriers in such materials: like Alice in Wonderland, conduction electrons can move at researcher’s wish, from a conventional 3-dimensional to low-dimensional world, where their motion is restricted within one or 2 coordinates." READ MORE... - V.T. Maslyuk, D.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of Photonuclear Processes Department, Institute of Electron Physics of the NAS of Ukraine

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Global Geometry of Space-Times with Shells

"One can never learn too much about elementary solutions of General Relativity. In this book, the authors provide a general global description, using Israel matching conditions, of spherically symmetric spacetimes with thin shell sources, charged or neutral, in spacetimes that are themselves asymptotically Schwarzschild or Reissner-Nordstrom, and have various charged/neutral interiors. This book will provide an authoritative, useful, basis for further explorations of the Einstein-Maxwell system, and its extensions both to wider models and more complex sources.” - Stanley Deser, PhD., Professor Emeritus of Physics, Brandeis University, USA

"Thin shells and surface layers are increasingly used to model gravitational collapse and phase transitions in general relativity and cosmology. However, a textbook treatment of these topics is still hard to find in the current literature. This book nicely fills the gap. The techniques are illustrated by focusing on the dynamics of charged spherical shells in a variety of backgrounds. Recommended for students and practitioners who want to add this useful tool to their armory.” - Werner Israel, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria, Canada

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