Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Biochemistry and Biochemists: Who Were They and What Did They Discover?

"The authors have created an interesting blend of life stories, science and history that shape Biochemistry today. The series of questions and answers keeps the text and figures fun and accessible for all to enjoy and teaches us that the road to discovery is an exciting adventure that never ceases to amaze. Recommended to anyone who is curious about how these important pioneers over their lifetime helped uncover the molecular basis of life itself."
Elliott Stollar
University of Liverpool
Great Britain

"Due to pressures at work, I only had time to dip into a selection of the chapters, but I found that I was hard pressed to put this book down. Apart from the obvious relevance of these amazing researchers’ work, what I also found totally absorbing were the little personal details that the authors have uncovered. I hope others get as much pleasure as I did reading this book!"
Nick Wright, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Wingate University
Wingate
USA

Frontiers in Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing is an ever-increasing field of interest both from a conceptual and applied standpoint. In fact, apart from its importance in helping to understand the quantum mechanical behavior of several physical systems (including condensed matter, living systems, elementary particles, astrophysical structures and so on) as well as the physical foundation of information itself at the most elementary level, quantum computing is related to the possibility in designing and realizing an actual quantum computer that could be enormously faster than its classical counterpart. This book covers some of the most interesting, advanced and promising features of quantum computing related to different frontier fields, even unconventional, such as the possibility to realize a quantum superfast “hypercomputing” system using water molecules as physical substrate; the connection between quantum computers and quantum gravity; the development of an “instantaneous quantum computer algorithm”; the realization of a universal quantum computer, as well as of a brain-like quantum supercomputer and many others fascinating topics.

Chalcones and Their Synthetic Analogs

Chalcones is a collective name of natural and synthetic compounds with a 1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-one moiety. Natural chalcones are biogenetic precursors of the flavonoids in higher plants. They belong to one of the major classes of naturally occurring compounds with widespread distribution in different plant families. Natural and synthetic chalcones display a wide variety of pharmacological effects, including antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory activities, cytotoxicity towards cancer cell-lines, antitumor, and antitumor-promoting, activities. The chalcone scaffold is one of the natural privileged structures, which possess geometry suitable for decoration with side chains, such that the resulting products bind to different target proteins. The present contribution summarizes an up-to-date summary of their synthetic methods, UV, IR and MS characterization, covalent and noncovalent interactions under cellular conditions, as well as antimalarial and anti-inflammatory actions of natural and synthetic derivatives. Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of not only chalcones but their conformationally restricted analogs are also discussed. Furthermore, synthetic methods and biological activities of C5-curcuminoids, a class of compounds with the related 3-aryl-2-propen-1-one moiety, are summarized. The respective chapters discuss the known structure-to-spectroscopic characteristic and structure-to-biological activity relationships as well.

A Text Book on Water Chemistry: Sampling, Data Analysis and Interpretation

"The book on water chemistry is indeed a much needed one, especially from person like Dr Reddy who is an astute professional in the domain. During my teaching years I could sense the acute demand for a book on water chemistry as the subject is gaining immense importance over the years due to enormous water quality deterioration and rapid water contamination issues. The water chemistry monitoring and assessment has become an ardent environmental topic, and statutory obligation for bulk exploiters of water. Dr Reddy has immense experience and expertise on water chemistry being associated with hydrogeochemistry for the past three decades. I am sure he has shared all his treasure of knowledge and skill on analysis and interpretation of water chemistry data in the Book. Dr Reddy, being a member of the Editorial Board of our journal, he was regularly providing reviews and inputs to research Papers related to water chemistry. The Book will be very much helpful and cater to wide spectrum of people including students, researchers, professional concerned about water." - Prof. D V Reddy

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Food as Medicine

"The authors have done substantial literature survey and included key references that can be useful for interested students and researchers. The book also contains basic chapters dealing with antioxidant chemistry, their mechanism of action in the body and modulation of intracellular signaling circuits by food constituents that can be very helpful in understanding the mechanism of action of foods on health and disease." READ MORE... - M.T. Ravi Subbiah, Professor Emeritus, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.

"Essa and Memon are well qualified editors and this text is an excellent, well-referenced collection of papers assembled to introduce and answer basic science and research questions on the topic."READ MORE... - Richard E. Palmquist, DVM, President, American Holistic Veterinary Medical Foundation

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Kinetic and Thermodynamic Stability of Cerium (IV) Complexes with a Series of Aliphatic Organic Compounds

"...This book is of undoubted scientific and methodological interest. The principal audience for the book are researchers in the field of coordination and physical chemistry, university faculty, undergraduate and graduate students." READ MORE... - Dr. Larisa N. Kurina, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural History, Professor at Tomsk State University

"Investigation of the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects in formation and redox decompo-sition of the complexes with cations in anomalous oxidation states (OSs) is of considerable importance in relation to the problem of stabilizing the unstable OSs of elements. This prob-lem has recently become particular significance due to the accumulation of information on unusual OSs and the development of a number of topical issues in materials science." READ MORE... - Dr. Boris V. Spitsyn, Leading Researcher at the A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences

"The book of Dr. Olga Voskresenskaya, a well-know expert in the field of coordination chemistry, is devoted to kinetic and thermodynamic aspects associated with the formation and redox decomposition of cerium(IV) complexes with various organic ligands. Cerium(IV) solutions, being a strong oxidation and complexation reagents, are widely applied in many analytical procedures. By theuse of redox and complexation reactions, they are extensively employed in determination of diverse inorganic and organic compounds." READ MORE... - Professor Emeritus Alexander Apelblat , Chemical Engineering Department, Ben Gurion University of the Negev

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Probiotic and Prebiotic Foods: Technology, Stability and Benefits to Human Health

"The book is a unique compilation of technology of various probiotic foods and stability of probiotics in various probiotic and prebiotic foods, as well as their health benefits. The book fills in a gap in our knowledge on the production and practical application of prebiotics and probiotics in foods." READ MORE... - Niels Skovgard, Birkerød, Denmark, International Journal of Food Microbiology

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Cheeses around the World: Types, Production, Properties and Cultural and Nutritional Relevance

"This book takes us to a walk throughout the history of cheese by compiling a set of very interesting stories from different countries. Without doubts cheese is one of the most diverse and versatile food products, which is going to continue evolving throughout time together with us, the consumers. There is a cheese for every taste, for every palate. Living in a globalized world help us to enlighten our senses with cheeses from the most hidden places, places we have never been, but by eating them we feel transported. Similarly, with this book the reader is going to get to know about cheese, its history, production methods, health aspects, and specially about its traditional nature and the link with cultures around the world.” - Lucía Frez Muñoz, PhD student, Wageningen University and Research

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The Development of Organic Phosphorus Chemistry: Discoveries of the Nineteenth Century

"This treatise is an excellent review of the birth of organophosphorus chemistry with respect to the generation of C-P bonds. Dr. Quin has done a superb job in ferreting out the facts concerning the early work in this field in the 19th century. Four chapters compose the book with each chapter focusing mainly on work done by specific chemists." READ MORE... - K. Darrell Berlin, Regents Professor, Oklahoma State University.

"The book by Louis DuBose Quin is a first of its kind in presenting the early development of phosphorus chemistry. It does so by considering the discoveries of the three chemists that introduced the world to organic phosphorus chemistry. These are the French chemist , Paul Thenard, who discovered the first organic phosphorus compound in 1845, trimethylphosphine." READ MORE... - Dr. Robert Holmes, Professor of Chemistry Emeritus, Editor-in-Chief Emeritus, Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements, University of Massachusetts

"In this book Professor Quin engagingly summarizes the many seminal discoveries made by pioneers of phosphorus chemistry in the 19th century who established the foundations of this important field. His coverage is thorough and orderly, and includes not only the chemistry that worked (despite the limits of laboratory apparatus, analytical techniques and bonding concepts of the period) but he also includes a number of informative synthetic attempts that failed. The author’s very careful analysis of the relevant literature enabled him to make a convincing case for choosing August Wilhelm Hoffman as the founder of phosphorus chemistry; a choice that at first surprised me, as I am sure it will other phosphorus-oriented chemists as well. Professor Quin has provided a wide spectrum of chemists with a delightful review of a field of great importance in academic as well as a variety industrial laboratories." - John G. Verkade, Ph.D., Iowa State University

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Analysis of Kinetic Models of Chemical Reaction Systems. Value Approach

"This subject of this book is the systematic analysis of kinetic models of complex reactions, with emphasis on chain reactions. The intent of the authors is to provide the conceptual background for the use of numerical models to evaluate molecular kinetic data in terms of mechanistic schemes. The book concludes with an explanation of the kinetics software package, VALKIN." READ MORE... - Frederick T. Greenaway, Professor of Chemistry at Clark University

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