Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Seismology

This book offers a comprehensive physical theory of the earthquakes. The presentation level is rather mathematical, but thorough physical explanations are provided everywhere. It is an original monograph of Seismology, intended for the use of students, researchers and the public who wish to become familiar with the physics and mathematics of earthquakes. It provides the understanding of the earthquakes and specific knowledge we may have of them. The author is a scientific researcher in the Institute for Earth’s Physics at Magurele, with scientific publications on the theory of elasticity, focal mechanism of earthquakes, seismic waves and statistical analysis of seismic events.

Biochemistry and Biochemists: Who Were They and What Did They Discover?

“The authors have created an interesting blend of life stories, science and history that shape Biochemistry today. The series of questions and answers keeps the text and figures fun and accessible for all to enjoy and teaches us that the road to discovery is an exciting adventure that never ceases to amaze. Recommended to anyone who is curious about how these important pioneers over their lifetime helped uncover the molecular basis of life itself.”
Elliott Stollar
University of Liverpool
Great Britain

“Due to pressures at work, I only had time to dip into a selection of the chapters, but I found that I was hard pressed to put this book down. Apart from the obvious relevance of these amazing researchers’ work, what I also found totally absorbing were the little personal details that the authors have uncovered. I hope others get as much pleasure as I did reading this book!”
Nick Wright, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Wingate University
Wingate
USA

Fluency and Its’ Bases

“The comprehensive information contained in this book is a result of a collaboration of esteemed students and colleagues sharing years of clinical and research experience for the purpose of expanding knowledge and understanding of different facets related to speech fluency in children and adults. Culminating decades of innovative teaching and research by an acknowledged master of the profession, Dr. S.R. Savitri’s book crystallizes into a unified whole, a multidisciplinary subject of broad scope, great richness, and enormous practical importance. Each chapter in this book provides the necessary foundations for students, clinicians and researchers. Must-read primer for anyone who is interested in carrying out evidence-based practice with their clients with fluency disorders should have a copy of this book and refer to it frequently.”
Teralandur K. Parthasarathy, Ph.D.
Former Professor and Chair
Southern Illinois University
Edwardsville, IL
USA

Fluency and Its’ Bases is written by Dr. S. R. Savithri, a highly accomplished and multi award winning researcher, clinician and educator in the area of Speech sciences and Speech pathology. Stuttering is a complex speech disorder, and, to appreciate the complexities of this disorder, one must have a good understanding of fluency. In this book, Fluency and Its Bases, Dr. Savithri has done an excellent job in analyzing fluency from a multidimensional perspective. This is the first comprehensive book to analyze and summarize the body of work done on fluency both nationally (within India) and internationally. This comprehensive book on fluency and its disorders is an essential reading for students, teachers and researchers in the field of communication disorders. This book, organized into eight main chapters and a summary in chapter nine, provides a comprehensive coverage of fluency. Starting with a clear explanation of fluency and its development, the reader is then guided through various bases of fluency including relevant theories and literature. These chapters elucidate bases of fluency including anatomical and physiological, acoustic, genetic, linguistic, psychological, and prosodic bases. Readers will appreciate the history of research as well as the current state of the art research regarding the various dimensions of fluency.”
Sreedevi Aithal, PhD, MSc., MPH., M(Aud)SA
Consultant Audiologist
Adjunct lecturer- James Cook University
Adjunct lecturer – University of Queensland
Department of Audiology
Townsville University Hospital
Australia

Preeminence of Myth and the Decline of Instrumental Reason

“No reader will be bored by this text. Myth is made worldly and relevant, as the authors address everyday concerns, particularly the fragmentation that is now experienced practically everywhere. The chapters are united by the work of Jean Gebser and particularly the emerging “integral” reality. Most important, like Gebser, the authors go beyond current calls for holism to reveal a more dynamic, inclusionary moment—a place, as some Latin American scholars say, where everyone fits with dignity.”
John W. Murphy
Professor of Sociology
University of Miami
Florida
USA

“Pandemic and political chaos are the dramatic image that Culture sees when it looks in the mirror today. Jean Gebser explicates that mirror for us as the enduring contest (agon) between Myth and Reason in the forgetfulness (mermera) of the human mind. The mind’s “inner voice” (mythos) envelopes the embodied “outer voice” (lógos) as the search for the awareness of, for the compassionate fairness of, reasonableness (eulógos). These collected essays are the “must have” insightful guidebook for using Gebser’s mirror of Culture.”
Richard L. Lanigan
Director and Laureate Fellow
International Communicology Institute
Washington, D.C.
Fellow, Polish Academy of Science

This collection of essays, each rigorously attuned to the work of Jean Gebser, attend to a fractured and fragmented world in crisis. Gebser’s philosophical thought offers hope for a future that invites inclusion, empathy, and social justice—where communities enjoin human worth. Gebser reveals regions of human awareness that naturally disclose the co-presence of mythos in all experiences. Each chapter opens the mythic in instructive ways. An integral consciousness counters instrumental reason and opens opportunities for the integral to illuminate and guide human action.”
Annette M. Holba
Professor of Rhetoric
Plymouth State University
New Hampshire
USA

An Introduction to Contact Resistance

As transistors become smaller and smaller, device performance is dominated by parasitics, especially contact resistance. In the last decade, FinFETs lead semiconductor technology. Its 3D structure brings unique opportunities for engineering the contact. This book introduces transistor electronics, contact physics, test structures, and measurements of contact resistance. In technology, process material and integration for resistance reduction are discussed. This book can serve as a reference for semiconductor professionals and students in electrical engineering and material science.

Differences in the City: Postmetropolitan Heterotopias as Liberal Utopian Dreams

An essential book in order to understand the return of a concept (“heterotopia”) that never left.”
Luis Arenas
Former President of the Academic Society of Philosophy (Sociedad Académica de Filosofía)
Spain

This indispensable book carefully assesses the emancipatory potential of the polysemic Foucaldian term of “heterotopia” when used to analyse and evaluate various geopolitical and ideological urban contexts, besides and beyond Western-centered “topoi”. Timely and deeply original, the book will prove fundamental both for architects and urban planners on one hand, and social scientists on the other hand – anyone interested in understanding metropolitan processes of social resistance and minority empowerment.”
Magali Bessone
Institute of Legal and Philosophical Sciences (Institut des Sciences Juridique et Philosophique)
University of Paris 1- Panthéon-Sorbonne
France

“Aggressive, militant, controversial, incorrect… An appealing book that does not walk around the beaten tracks. An excellent collective work that wakes you up from neoliberal urban dreams.”
Ignacio Borrego
Institute of Architecture (Institut für Architektur)
University of Technology
Berlin, Germany

Anger: From Primordial Rage to the Politics of Hatred and Resentment

This work explores and analyzes anger. We examine anger as a single emotion and as it occurs in combination with other emotions in complex social relationships that typically involve power dynamics. We utilize Robert Plutchik’s primary-emotions classification to hierarchically categorize anger and other basic and complex emotions, and we compare constructivist and basic-emotion theories of emotion. We conceptualize the primary emotions––including anger––as prototypical adaptive reactions to key existential problems: temporality, social identity, exchange, and hierarchy. Anger is uniquely reactive to positive and negative experiences of social power, elicited by a perceived threat to the self or to the self’s project to preserve or attain valued status, resources, or goals. Anger triggers activate a three-stage sociocognitive appraisal process in which the self: (i) perceives its social position or valued resource is at stake; (ii) endeavors to modify another actor’s social intentions concerning norms of social sharing and social cohesion; and (iii) develops an intentional act. We identify two complex emotions––hatred and resentment––-as essential political emotions. Both share anger as a key component, and also include contempt. Hatred can be harnessed for pernicious ends, becoming an expression or instrument of power; resentment is more typically an emotion of the powerless, arising as a reaction to unjustified suffering. We examine the place of anger, hatred, resentment, and other emotions of power and powerlessness in contemporary United States politics, particularly to competing political ideologies of globalism–neoliberalism, democratic socialism, and nationalism–populism.

Frontiers in Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing is an ever-increasing field of interest both from a conceptual and applied standpoint. In fact, apart from its importance in helping to understand the quantum mechanical behavior of several physical systems (including condensed matter, living systems, elementary particles, astrophysical structures and so on) as well as the physical foundation of information itself at the most elementary level, quantum computing is related to the possibility in designing and realizing an actual quantum computer that could be enormously faster than its classical counterpart. This book covers some of the most interesting, advanced and promising features of quantum computing related to different frontier fields, even unconventional, such as the possibility to realize a quantum superfast “hypercomputing” system using water molecules as physical substrate; the connection between quantum computers and quantum gravity; the development of an “instantaneous quantum computer algorithm”; the realization of a universal quantum computer, as well as of a brain-like quantum supercomputer and many others fascinating topics.

Emerging Human and Techno-Human Business Management Dynamics in a Globalized Environment

An exponential stride in globalization, impressively expedited by advanced technology, has brought about immense changes in the backdrop of world markets. Big data and digital technologies like Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Artificial Intelligence, assisted this progression by improving efficiency and effectiveness of the way ‘things are done’. All of these factors, in conjunction, have highly influenced the how, where and when of business management today. Leveraging on them has enabled advanced markets to establish themselves further, and new markets to start emerging spectacularly. In this novel, Environment of Emerging Human and Techno-Human Business Management Dynamics, virtual influencers and gamification started becoming the norm of the day. What’s more, businesses are in constant competition to achieve brand loyalty among their customers through bolstering up the branding of their products and services. Advancement in technology though comes at a price, as it leads to an increase in fraudulent activities. In this climate, ethical leadership is required to lead people. Management by mission and evidence-based management can be tools to steer towards better and more transparent decision making in organizations. Amidst this, the role of crisis management is vital to assist in crisis and disaster preparedness.

Chalcones and Their Synthetic Analogs

Chalcones is a collective name of natural and synthetic compounds with a 1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-one moiety. Natural chalcones are biogenetic precursors of the flavonoids in higher plants. They belong to one of the major classes of naturally occurring compounds with widespread distribution in different plant families. Natural and synthetic chalcones display a wide variety of pharmacological effects, including antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory activities, cytotoxicity towards cancer cell-lines, antitumor, and antitumor-promoting, activities. The chalcone scaffold is one of the natural privileged structures, which possess geometry suitable for decoration with side chains, such that the resulting products bind to different target proteins. The present contribution summarizes an up-to-date summary of their synthetic methods, UV, IR and MS characterization, covalent and noncovalent interactions under cellular conditions, as well as antimalarial and anti-inflammatory actions of natural and synthetic derivatives. Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of not only chalcones but their conformationally restricted analogs are also discussed. Furthermore, synthetic methods and biological activities of C5-curcuminoids, a class of compounds with the related 3-aryl-2-propen-1-one moiety, are summarized. The respective chapters discuss the known structure-to-spectroscopic characteristic and structure-to-biological activity relationships as well.