Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Essureal Journey: Concepts, Concerns and Considerations for Hysteroscopic Sterilization

“When the Essure permanent birth control system hit the market in 2002, the medical community viewed it as an innovation in permanent female sterilization. Because of its first-in-class design, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration classified it as a high-risk device. This protects the manufacturer from liability. Now, more than a decade after its release, thousands of women who suffered adverse events after implantation demand a ban on the device and the ability to sue for damages.” READ MORE…Michelle Y. Llamas, senior content writer at Drugwatch

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Fundamentals of Fuel Injection and Emission in Two-Stroke Engines

“Fundamentals of Fuel Injection and Emission in Two-Stroke Engines is a very timely contribution to the world-wide research and development of new generation of two-stroke engines, particularly those for vehicle use. Progress in direct fuel injection technologies make it increasingly possible to offer the simplicity and high intensity power of two-stroke engine while avoiding the penalty of high emissions and fuel consumption. Advanced studies and simulations of charge and spray motion and of combustion are extremely useful for further developments, also in direct injection four-stroke engines. Author’s own expertise and experience in experimental studies and modelling of two-stroke processes give the book an additional level of usefulness to all levels of readers – from students to high-level designers.” – Miroslaw L Wyszynski, MEng, PhD, MIDGTE, MSAE, MSIMP, Professor of Thermodynamics, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK

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Creating Systemic Innovation: A Process-Oriented Systems Research

“The concept of system has effected a deep change in the way we deal with the problems due to our world’s complexity. We have to be alert, however. The concept has to be adapted to new circumstances: Jae Eon Yu presents a powerful new approach, i.e. process-oriented systems research. His focus on the process of civilization provides an intriguing and applicable combination of the best systematic insights from different cultures.” – Gerard de Zeeuw, Professor Emeritus, Founder of International Federation for Systems Research (IFSR), The University of Lincoln, UK

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Marketing Research: Fundamentals, Process, and Implications

“Understanding markets is fundamental for company growth. Professor Rajagopal’s book provides a rigorous, relevant and applied set of concepts and practices that pave the path for conducting methodological marketing research and consequently understanding the new and global dynamics of the marketplace. His Marketing Research book enables managers and business students and scholars to strategically design growth and differentiation company strategy.” – Jaime Alonso Gomez, PhD, Dean and Professor of Management, University of San Diego School of Business, San Diego, CA, USA

“The globalization has forced firms to compete globally or face the prospect of product failure if not researched theoretically, practically and precisely. While most books on marketing research focus on traditional method and methodologies, the book by Professor Rajagopal strikes a balance between contemporary methodical marketing research process and its theoretical and practical underpinnings, making the book a must read for students, academics and managers.” – Satyendra Singh, PhD, Professor, Marketing and International Business, Executive Director, Academy of Business and Emerging Markets, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada

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Brand Touchpoints

“Brand Touchpoints presents a timely and insightful look at the latest thinking on connecting with consumers. Branding is how businesses build long-term connections with the marketplace, and this book gives readers a cutting-edge advantage for branding success in this competitive world.” – Lynn. R. Kahle, PhD, Emeritus professor of Marketing, University of Oregon

“Navigating the market-space rather than the simple market-place requires practitioners and scholars to rethink how the consumer and business customer understands the organization and its brands in the decision-making process. Brand Touchpoints helps today’s executives and scholars build strategies and research programs in the modern marketplace by bringing together the latest thinking by some of the smartest people working in this area.” – Andrea Dixon, PhD, Baylor University professor and co-author, Strategic Sales Leadership

“Many businesses still treat brand as a bundle of distinctive attributes while consumers interact with brands in many ways that don’t involve its attributes. Whether a brand lives by its promise is determined by how it manages these interactions. Brand Touchpoints is a must-read for anyone interested in developing brand strategy and own a living, breathing brand that becomes an integral part of a consumer’s life.” – Hanumantha Rao Unnava, PhD, Professor and Dean at the Graduate School of Management University of California, Davis

“With the rise of Digitally Native Vertical Brands, many consumers are first interacting with a brand not on store shelves or television but through social media and mobile phones. Brand Touchpoints is a fascinating read on how companies big and small need to adapt to an evolved world of brand communication in this digital marketplace.” – Dave Knox, Author, Predicting The Turn: The High Stakes Game of Business Between Startups and Blue Chips

“I love this book! Aparna and an impressive mix of contributors, both academics and practitioners, have cast their insightful eyes towards understanding the brand touchpoints that so dramatically shape and are shaped by brands, and in turn exert an enormous influence on our culture. In our confusing, modern world of increasingly interactive brand relationships, touchpoints are the air that brands breathe, the water they swim in, yet we’ve never before had access to the kind of incisive, rigorous analysis and helpful guidance that Brand Touchpoints offers.” – Rebeca Arbona, President & Brand Weaver at Tapestry Strategy

“The effective management of customer touchpoints enables businesses to sense and address customer needs and satisfaction more quickly and often. Brand Touchpoints offers marketing practitioners and modern leaders insights and tools to build more adaptable business strategies that are well connected to their customers.” – Laurence Vigeant-Langlois, PhD, Head of Marketing, GE Additive (Laurence Vigeant-Langlois’ comments do not reflect the views of GE Additive)

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Phaseolus vulgaris: Cultivars, Uses and Production

“Phaseolus vulgaris: Cultivars, Uses and Production” provides comprehensive information on bean breeding, production, nutrition, health, processing and utilization all in one place. This book brings light to the universal appeal of beans by acknowledging their traditional roots, affordability and important role in staple diets globally. The versatility and cultural significance of beans have caught the attention of many product innovators as beans find their way into product formulations and culinary creations during a time of heightened interest for plant-based products, environmental concerns and rising healthcare needs. A great effort to bring topics on beans from along the entire value chain for convenient access.” – Pulse Canada, the National association representing pulse growers in Canada

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International Perspectives on Race (and Racism): Historical and Contemporary Considerations in Education and Society

“This is a very significant book on post-racist discourse, in the context of post-colonialism, globalization and localization. With contributions by authors from many diverse corners of the world, this book provides multiple perspectives on the issues of race and racism, and unveils the complexity of the issue. The various chapters show how the issues vary geographically and contextually, and how race issues can be conceived differently in relation to the unique histories of the various localities. Yet some universal values override the race issues, such as human rights and equality. Diane B Napier is the best possible editor of the book on this topic. She has profound knowledge of the field; with substantial experience of living in difference cultures. She is past-Secretary-General of the World Council of Comparative Education Societies. During her term of service, she visited many member societies to interact with peoples from different cultures. She facilitated the establishment of many new comparative education societies, particularly in Africa, and some of these eventually joined the World Council as member societies. She has genuine respect for different cultures and she possesses the depth of insight in analyzing cultural issues that will be useful for policymakers, academics and practitioners.” – Dr. Wing On Lee, Professor, Vice President, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Past-President, World Council of Comparative Education Societies (WCCES); Past Dean of Research, National Institute of Education (NIE), Singapore; Member, Expert Panel of UNESCO’s Global Citizenship Project

“International Perspectives on Race (and Racism): Historical and Contemporary Considerations in Education and Society provides a most welcome and impressive addition to the literature on addressing racism through education. The comprehensive collection edited by an international scholar in the field, Diane Brook Napier with her vast experience in researching post-colonial educational reform and democratic transformation in Africa, Latin American and other areas around the world, brings together the work of scholars from all parts of the globe: North, South and Latin America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia. This volume makes an important contribution to the field of comparative and international education, and will no doubt become a valued text for university classes on anti-racist education.” – Dr. Suzanne Majhanovich, Emerita/Adjunct Research Professor, Western University, Ontario, Canada

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Terrorism in a Global Village: How Terrorism Affects Our Daily Lives

“Terrorism in a Global Village is a timely and much needed book nowadays when the public along with academics and policymakers are in dire need to understand terrorism and its impact on day-to-day decisions. It is uniquely designed to appeal to a wide-range of readers who can benefit from its multidimensional approach of tackling significant topics about terrorism.” – Mahmoud Eid, University of Ottawa, Canada

“This is a nice contribution to an area of terrorism studies that has gotten too little scholarly attention – the issue of how countries respond to terrorist attacks.” – Max Abrahms – Assistant Professor of Political Science and Public Policy, Northeastern University, USA

“Serious students of terrorism and state sponsored violence will grapple with the insights by international scholars about how everyday life and social institutions are affected by terrorist acts themselves, as well as the controlling and surveillance practices enacted to combat terrorism. Terrorism in the Global Village is a gem in the expanding study of conflict and social change.” – David Altheide – Regents Professor Emeritus. Arizona State University, USA

“Terrorism has become the defining form of political, ideological and religious conflict of our time. Decades of asymmetric struggle have honed the ability of radicalized factions to attack and destabilize much larger and richer societies, using fear as their primary weapon, while the need to protect these societies has led to an unprecedented extension of the role and reach of the security forces, thereby removing much of the privacy that previous generations could take for granted. The boundaries between organized crime and terrorist networks have become increasingly blurred, as the new generation of terrorists has learned how to reach out through families, personal contacts and the internet to recruit violent and disaffected youth around the world. The threats that we face are now everywhere, and many of them are almost invisible. This has become a struggle of faith, values and belief, and it remains to be seen which will prevail.” – Professor Anthony Clayton, MA, PhD, FCAS, FTWAS, CD – University of West Indies, Jamaica

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New Approaches in Biological Research

“The volume “New Approaches in Biological Research” edited by Prof. R.P. Sinha and Dr. Richa is a state-of-the-art and timely book covering major aspects of biotechnology in agriculture, industry and medicine published by Nova Science Publishers, New York in 2017 (ISBN: 978-1-53612-139-1). Its 10 chapters focus on bacteria, cyanobacteria, higher plants as well as soil aggregates and biotechnological problems such as the production of biomolecules and molecular genetics.

Dr. Sinha is a professor of Molecular Biology at the Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, where he received his PhD in Biotechnology. In addition to over 23 years of experience in research and teaching, he has visited numerous countries in South America, Europe and Asia. His expertise includes UV radiation in aquatic ecosystems, DNA damage and repair, UV-screening pigments such as mycosporine-like amino acids and scytonemin in cyanobacteria. In addition to being a member of several national and international scientific societies and editorial boards he has published more than 200 papers including original research papers, reviews and book chapters which have generated many citations in excellent scientific journals including Nature and Science.
Dr. Richa received her PhD from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi at Applied Microbiology. She has obtained several fellowships and is a member of various national and international societies. She is the author of numerous peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. Her scientific work focuses on the synthesis and role of photoprotective compounds in cyanobacteria.

The volume discusses modern problems in the areas of molecular biology, stress biology, genomics, proteomics, ecology, plant pathology and focuses on biotechnological approaches used to study photosynthetic organisms from cyanobacteria to higher plants. It describes novel technological advances and instrumentation to solve some of the burning problems in biological sciences.

The first chapter discusses novel approaches in the production and biotechnological significance of phycobiliproteins found in cyanobacteria as well as cryptophytes and red macroalgae. These molecules are red- or blue-colored water soluble pigments consisting of an open chain tetrapyrrole attached to a protein and serve as antenna pigments for the photosynthetic apparatus. Furthermore, they have a growing biotechnological potential and commercial value as food colorants, in cosmetics and pharmaceutical applications. In addition to their fluorescent properties these molecules are used as anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anti-tumor and hepatoprotective agents. The chapter details advanced techniques for the production and extraction of the molecules as well as their potential use in diagnostics, biomedicals, nutrients, cosmetics and pharmaceutical applications.

The following chapter discusses efflux pumps and their inhibitors in gram-negative bacteria which are some of the major sources for hospital-acquired infections such as pneumonia and urinary tract infections. The acquisition of multiple resistances by Gram-negative bacteria towards antibiotica is a major problem in modern hospitals. Therefore research has now focused on the development of synergistic antibiotic combinations in order to reduce the necessary drug doses. Efflux pump inhibitors are promising agents as they have antimicrobial activity as well as the ability to augment the activity of less effective antibiotics.

The chapter on DNA methylation dynamics in plants covers an important epigenetic mechanism that controls many indispensible biochemical functions. It is involved in the repression of gene expression, plays essential roles in plant development and is involved in the defense against biotic and abiotic stresses. The mechanism is carried out by DNA methyl transferase enzymes by RNA-directed methylation. The techniques to determine the methylation status in the genome are explained.

The history, the current status and future developments of bionanotechnology are the topic of the subsequent chapter. After a short characterization of nanotechnology and the various types of nanoparticles, methods of synthesis and applications in medicine, electronics, agriculture, defense, food technology, energy and pollution control are described. Potential applications in the future are discussed such as nano-medicine, carbon nanotubes, nano foods, liposomes, nano pores, nanotube quantum dots, nanoshells, nanobubbles, food packaging and food additives. The chapter also discusses the risks of bionanotechnology.

Chapter 5 deals with the biotechnological insights into plant protease inhibitors with an emphasis on their role in plant defense. These molecules are natural proteins which are instrumental in plant defense against insects and other predators. Insects and microorganisms use proteolysis for digestion which is impaired by the inhibitors. In addition, these protease inhibitors play a key role in medicine for the treatment of immunity-related diseases. Other functions are storage proteins, signaling molecules and the regulation of endogenous proteins. The chapter describes the different families of these inhibitors on the basis of their chemical structure, function and sequence and discusses their mode of action, regulation and application in the development of transgenic plants protected against insect and pest attack.
Soil aggregates are important for soil quality and plant growth. Soil organic carbon together with clay defines the form of soil aggregates. They can be classified according to their size and size distribution which are determined by dry or wet sieving. The formation of soil aggregates is governed by management practices as well as biotic and abiotic factors which determine soil fertility and sustainability. The aggregates facilitate carbon sequestration as well as preventing decomposition of organic substances by microorganisms.

Parasitic weeds such as witchweeds (Sriga spp.) and broomrapes (Orobanche spp. Phelipanche ramose) are pest plants which cause high losses in agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, around the Mediterranean and increasingly in Europe. After infection the seeds of these plants can hardly be removed from the soil but can be controlled by allelopathy. This phenomenon characterizes the effect of one organism on another by releasing chemicals into the environment. Selecting species and strains helps control weeds, insects, nematodes and other pathogens. This can be supported by applying crop rotation, intercropping and push-pull technology. Plant residues and extracts as well as mulches of plants rich in allelochemicals can be applied for parasitic weed management in crops.

Agriculture is plagued by numerous diseases in many different countries. In addition to insects, fungi and bacteria these problems are often caused by various viruses. Papaya is an economically important fruit produced in many tropical and subtropical countries. The trees are seriously attacked by a variety of viruses such as Papaya Mosaic Virus, Begomoviruses, Papaya Leaf Curl Virus, Potyviruses, Papaya Ringspot Virus, Papaya Leaf Distortion Mosaic Virus, Papaya Lethal Yellowing Virus and Papaya Meleira Virus which can affect individual trees or even destroy whole orchards. The chapter lists comprehensively the various viral diseases according to the countries they are found. The symptoms of viral diseases, their transmission methods and possible control measures are also discussed.

Solar UV radiation is a mayor stress factor for microorganisms as well as lower and higher plants. Stratospheric ozone depletion worsened this problem for many photosynthetic organisms which are bound to be exposed to solar light. Cyanobacteria are major biomass producers in almost all terrestrial and aquatic habitats. UV impairs many physiological and biochemical processes, damages DNA and other important biomolecules which absorb in this wavelength band. However cyanobacteria have developed several defense mechanisms including avoidance, synthesis of antioxidants as well as UV-absorbing compounds including mycosporine-like amino acids and scytonemin. Other lines of defense include DNA repair, protein synthesis as well as apoptosis.

The final chapter in the book deals with a modification of the Allen Arnon medium by addition of Neem seed kernel water extract for biomass and biomolecules production and describes the effects on growth, biochemical composition and carbon fixation in several cyanobacteria at different concentrations. Application of the substance resulted in growth stimulation which is more pronounced in heterocystous, filamentous cyanobacteria than in unicellular organisms. E.g., a growth stimulation of more than 400 % could be achieved in Anabaena flos-aquae by an addition of 8 %. The results on carbon fixation, total protein, chlorophyll, carotenoids, phycocyanin, phycoerythrin and allophycocyanin in response to different concentrations of the additive are described.

In summary, the book contains a wide variety of topics in soil, microorganisms and plants. The chapters present state-of-the-art reviews and are written in an informative and educated style. Therefore the volume is highly recommended for students and scholars in the fields of botany, biotechnology, crop and soil sciences.” – Dr. Donat-P. Hӓder, Professor Emeritus, Friedrich-Alexander University, Department of Biology, Möhrendorf, Germany

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Terrorism and Violence in Islamic History and Theological Responses to the Arguments of Terrorists

“Having an excellent command of Arabic, Turkish and English, Islamic theologian Dr. Recep Dogan has used essential primary texts in these three languages and produced an excellently analytical but also encyclopedically detailed account of not only pre-modern and contemporary violent extremists who justify their inhumane ideologies by reference to Islamic sources but also Islamic scholars’ refutation of these radical ideologies. The book is a must-read for those who want to learn about how Islamist violent extremists abuse Islam and how they have been responded to by Islamic scholars.” – Professor Ihsan Yilmaz, Research Chair in Islamic Studies and Intercultural Dialogue, Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

“This book proves a comprehensive overview of the history of some of the main Muslim groups who have resorted to violence in the name of Islam. This book also makes a passionate plea and a thoughtful rebuttal of some of the most important theological arguments these groups have used to justify their actions in the religiously couched terms.” – Dr. Adis Duderija, Lecturer in the Study of Islam and Society, School of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia

For more information about this book, please click here.