Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Five Scarves: Doing the Impossible – If We Can Reverse Cell Fate, Why Can’t We Redefine Success?

“Despite the noteworthy accomplishments of feminist theory and practice, it’s easy to see how much still has to change. Reminders of structural sexism, implicit bias, and outright abuse abound, from the Everyday Sexism project to #MeToo. In her new book Five Scarves: Doing the Impossible, Rana Dajani interrogates how our conceptions of success and gender equality relate to each other.” READ MORE…Reviewed by Sedeer el-Showk, M.Sc., PhD., full-time freelance writer. Published on the website: Nature Middle East

“An absolutely wonderful read about the aspirations and achievements of a modern woman scientist in contemporary Islam. Dajani uses her own experience to try to forge a cosmopolitan and global approach to the problems of inequality that women everywhere continue to face.” – Evelyn Fox Keller, Professor Emeritus, MIT, Program in Science, Technology and Society, author of Reflections on Gender and Science

“This snapshot of the life, work and thoughts of a remarkable scientist and social advocate at once challenges the reader to rethink basic assumptions and accompanies him or her in revisiting familiar tropes in new settings. With simple prose and confident strides, Dajani introduces topics as different as the challenge of creating world class scientific discovery in the Middle East, the egalitarian organization of domestic responsibilities between parents and children in quotidian family life, the long history of female scientific brilliance in the Arab world, and the extraordinary creation of a global social movement to promote the love of reading among all children. For inspiring millennials to take the world in their hands and insist on realizing their dreams, this book is a must.” – Jacqueline Bhabha, Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Director of Research François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University; Jeremiah Smith Jr. Lecturer, Harvard Law School

“This is a wonderful book, the personal story of a warm and brilliant Jordanian cell biologist. She is passionate about her pioneering scientific work and her vision of how science should be taught to inspire young people and promote new ideas – innovation happens on the margins in all fields. She describes how she gets her students to bring art into thinking about and communicating science. She challenges many stereotypes that Westerners tend to have about Islam, the history of science, and the role of women in the Muslim professional world. She advocates for wide-ranging, worldwide policy and practice that will undermine sexism and enhance women’s opportunities – issues on which the USA is remarkably backward compared to many other countries. She is also founder of We Love Reading, an extremely successful program to involve children in community experiences of reading and listening, a culture-changing experience that is personally empowering. This vivid book is a beautifully written inspiration to women, to scientists, to educators and to social activists everywhere.” – Helen Haste, Emeritus professor of psychology at the University of Bath, England; Visiting professor at Harvard Graduate School of Education

“Rana Dajani rightly rejects the label of “Islamic feminist.” She is a global feminist with a tale to tell that will be surprising to many. Reading her story is like a warm embrace from a close friend.” – Anne-Marie Slaughter, President & CEO, New America

“Account of an incredible and inspiring life journey – how a Jordanian biologist navigated her many worlds deftly, a role model for women with big dreams that transcends geography.” – Priyamvada Natarajan, Professor, Departments of Astronomy & Physics, Yale, author of Mapping the Heavens: The Radical Scientific Ideas That Reveal the Cosmos

“This book provides a to-be-cherished insight into the complicated life of a wonderful person as a scientist and a woman, a life that is bursting with intellect, humanity and humility in equal measures. Indeed, Rana Dajani shows that doing the impossible is possible.” – Co-founder, 2011 Global Coordinator of Gender Summit.

“Can a breakthrough in stem-cell research revolutionize feminism? Can a scientist apply the scientific method to her own life to find solutions to social problems? In Five Scarves, Jordanian molecular biologist Rana Dajani reveals with passion and cogency how she has explored those possibilities.” READ MORE…Reviewed by Malak Abedalthagafi, physician-scientist, chair of genomics research at King Fahad Medical City and assistant research professor in molecular genetics and neuropathology King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. Published in the Nature International Journal of Science

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Modeling Social Behavior and Its Applications

“In this book the editors have compiled a wide variety of models in the social sciences and economics. The social sciences and economy cover a large number of study areas and topics that are very diverse. The topics covered in this book are, of course, not comprehensive and closely related to the research interests of the editors. The word model is also used in its most general sense which is a simplified vision of reality. The chapters in the book give a good introduction to the topics they covered and show to how use modeling techniques to further the understanding of the subject. In some cases, the models can be used to make predictions. I will only mention some of the subjects covered:
Study of the perceived factors affecting happiness, a population based model of bullying, how to rank universities, modeling social behavior in organizations, a constructive capitalization model, and an analysis of data of twitter use.

The models covered go from mathematical models with equations used to represent the simplified reality to statistical models with correlation and data analysis and fitting to others which reduce all the possible factors involved to a few considered the most relevant.

All the chapters used real data to validate the model, have a description of the methods used and have a good set of references. The book is a very useful introduction to a wide range of topics and the interested reader can then use the references provided to get a deeper insight into the topic and adapt the methods and ideas presented to other subjects.”
Benito Chen-Charpentier, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics, Department of Mathematics, University of Texas at Arlington, USA

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Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials

“Calcium fluoride, CaF2, occurs naturally as the mineral fluorite which lends its name to the deceptively simple cubic structure of four FCC Ca atoms and eight tetrahedrally coordinated F atoms. In simplicity often lies rich diversity, this is certainly the case with materials with the fluorite structure. The book “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” Edited by Peter Vajda and Jean-Marc Costantini demonstrates how such diversity in fluorite materials arrives from small changes in stoichiometry.” READ MORE…Dr. Clark S. Snow, Principal Member of the Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

“There are not many books dedicated to materials properties of a specific crystal structure type. “Properties of Fluorite Structure Materials” edited by Peter Vajda and Jean­‐Marc Costantini, is one of them.” READ MORE…Professor Klaus Yvon, Physics Department, University of Geneva, Switzerland

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Quark Matter: From Subquarks to the Universe

“Needless to say, the author is one of the founders and world leaders of the subquark model and the pregeometry. This book offers an excellent introduction to the theories with his comprehensive insights into the Universe, including ideas of strange stars and inconstancy of fundamental constants. The episodes on the famous Nobel Laureates, Abdus Salam and Andrei Sakharov with him are also interesting.” – Keiichi Akama, Co-recipient of the Gravity Research Foundation Award in 1982

“This is an interesting book written from a lofty view by Dr. Hidezumi Terazawa who makes his efforts to avoid complicated mathematics so much that other than specialists can follow whole things without any troubles. The author aims ambitiously to show the way of grasping our universe and peculiar phenomena in it from the standpoint of model of subquarks where every entity in the standard model of elementary particles as well as in the Einstein gravity should be composite state of subquarks, in contrast to the mainstream of the present way of thinking. Besides physics, the author includes valuable stories about Dr. Salam and Dr. Sakharov with him, for he was a rare and precious Japanese friend of them. Even only of these parts would be worth reading to those laypersons unfamiliar with physics.” – Yuichi Chikashige, Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan

“This book, Quark Matter: From Subquarks to the Universe, is written by Hidezumi Terazawa who is a theoretical physicist, one of the founders of composite models of quarks and leptons, where a hypothetical point-like particle, supposed to be a subcomponent of quarks and leptons, is called a subquark. The aim of this book is to offer a comprehensive summary of subquark physics to every physicist. I appreciate the author’s effort to avoid complicated mathematics so that this book also appeals to anyone who is not an expert in physics but interested in physics. Especially, two episodes, respectively, focusing on personal relationships with the greatest physicists, Abdus Salam and Andrei Sakharov, known as Nobelists are easy to read and readers can imagine vivid circumstances surrounding the author including private communications. Their brilliant physics perspectives have been succeeded by the author who has indeed provided a theoretically as well as mathematically firm foundation of their physics. Furthermore, specific physics terms are concisely explained to get their meanings listed in the Dictionary sections. For physicists, this book presents a simple paradigm change in physics, which answers its often-raised many questions such as “Why cannot the standard model predict a particle’s mass?” and “How does gravity interact with quarks and leptons?” under a single new hypothetical principle, compositeness of not only quarks and leptons but also gauge bosons and graviton. Various predictions cover those on the weak and Higgs boson masses in the elementary particle physics to a time-varying cosmological constant in the cosmology. Detailed derivation processes of these predictions are not shown but basic mathematical expressions are displayed so that active readers can derive these predictions by manipulating their mathematical skills with the help of useful related references listed in the end of chapters. This book consists of three chapters. The first chapter, Quark Matter and Strange Stars, offers a definition of quark matter, following the Bodmer-Terazawa-Witten hypothesis, which differs from already confirmed forms of matter such as nuclei, quarks and leptons. Illustrated in this chapter are three major forms: strange quark matter containing strange quarks, technibaryonic nuclei containing techniquarks and color-balled nuclei containing colored subquarks. The remaining two chapters contain various useful predictions derived from dynamics of subquarks. The second chapter, Composites of Subquarks as Quark Matter, offers how to calculate free parameters in the standard model. Some of results are beautiful mass-relations satisfied by quarks and leptons and the correctly predicted Higgs boson mass by the weak boson mass from a simple fact that both are composites of the same subquarks but of the different spin states. The last chapter, Dark Energy, Dark Matter, and Strange Stars, deals with the gravity, which is mediated by the graviton. The compositeness of the graviton predicts that the gravitational constant determines the fine structure constant. This gravity is induced by a pregeometry, which is extended into the notion of special inconstancy. The special inconstancy can manage time variations of the two correlated constants, the fine structure and gravitational constants. You will find a more ambitious proposal of general inconstancy, which predicts the cosmological constant inversely proportional to the gravitational constant and results in a time-varying cosmological constant. This time-varying cosmological constant may be a key ingredient to solve the puzzle in the dark energy. This book rich in personal anecdotes and self-contained dictionaries is recommended to any physicists and students who are interested in theoretical scenarios of subquarks and in interactions with great scientists. I enjoyed reading it as a comprehensive and unique introduction to subquark physics. Most interesting questions in the current particle physics and cosmology may not be scientifically answerable now but may need varieties of insights in physical phenomena to reach answers. Today’s main stream of such insights seems the way along superstrings for quarks and leptons, but epoch-making progress may not come by looking along a single line of sight. Subquark physics comes along another line of sight and you have seen the beautiful answers to some of the questions. You may develop scenarios equipped with more sophisticated and advanced mathematics to describe the compositeness of “elementary particles” even along superstrings of subquarks.” – Masaki Yasue, Tokai University

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Future Space Problems and Their Solutions

“Today it is customary to speak of the Universe as a product of the Big Bang, which gave rise to the mystery of dark matter, expanding Universe and other tempting but badly comprehend realities. Joseph J. Smulsky gives the chance to feel harmony of the world, to see it in the image of reasonable classical simplicity peculiar to Isaak Newton’s mechanics. The elegance of simplicity and the complexity of the system appear in their mathematically comprehended unity.” – Vladislav V. Cheshev, Professor of the National Research Tomsk State University, Russia

“The problems of gravitational interaction of bodies are extremely diverse. The author considers the situations most significant for the space exploration and to the preservation of life conditions on the Earth-planet. The developed program Galactica can be of interest for professionals and students of the relevant specialties, as for as it allows to apply the received data for the analysis of various problems of celestial mechanics.” – Boris F. Boyarshinov, Doctor of technical sciences, Insitute of Thermophsics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

“The book is very impressive. Joseph J. Smulsky considers grandiose projects: the optimal approach of the spacecraft to the Sun, the transformation of asteroids into satellites of the Earth, the creation of new planets like the Earth etc. Without doubt that the space agencies will use the solutions and soft, which are discussed and presented in the book. That will raise the computation culture in the area under consideration.” – Michael P. Anisimov, Dr.Sc. in Physics and Mathematics, Leading Research Scientist, Head of the Nanoaerosol Laboratory, Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia; Research Professor, Clarkson University, NY USA

“Environment and human well-being are due to many factors, including the influence of movements of cosmic bodies both in the Solar system and beyond. The proposed monograph provides an excellent opportunity to predict the motion and rotation of planets, to optimize the flights of spaceships by means of a sufficiently simple to assimilate the program Galactica. A lot of worries are caused by possible collisions of comets and asteroids with the Earth. The examples of the most dangerous two asteroids show the capabilities of the Galactica program to calculate their evolution. These opportunities are wider than they are presented in the book. But even what is given impresses with its multifaceted tasks and their scale.” – Nicolay E. Shishkin, Doctor of technical sciences, Insitute of Thermophsics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

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Methods and Instruments for Visual and Optical Diagnostics of Objects and Fast Processes

“The book presents the recent status of R&D in the field of laser projection microscopes and highpressure gas nanosecond high-voltage discharge, and their applications. Now-days R&D in that area is predominantly concentrated in Russia, especially, Siberia. There happened to form a consolidated and strong community of scientists working very persistently in projects on metal vapor lasers and high voltage nanosecond gas discharge for many decades. For sure, one of their achievements are the systems with laser brightness amplifier producing magnified images initially on big screens and lately, video recorders. The very principle of optical brightness amplifier based on single spectral line excludes strong background interference except of the operating line itself. Its advantage is lack of intermediate steps of transformation of signal from optical to electrical, and reversely to optical, again. Because of high pulse repetition frequencies of some metal vapor laser media, MHz frame rates are almost achievable and when equipped with modern fast cameras monitoring of very fast processes can be done frame by frame. In the First part of book the authors give R&D of high speed brightness CuBr amplifiers and the Second part (by different researchers) is devoted to plasma parameters of high-voltage nanosecond discharge initiated by a runaway electron beam. The latter deal with high-pressure gas nanosecond discharge accompanied by number of electrical, optical and gas-dynamic processes thereafter. Both parts of book have a lot of results (many are original) and they appear systematic and prolific contributions to different areas of science and applications. I conceive the book “Methods and Instruments for Visual and Optical Diagnostics of Objects and Fast Processes” by G.S. Evtushenko (Ed.), 2018, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. is a good R&D product that will be of interest of scientists, engineers and students.” – Dimo Astadjov, Assoc. Prof., Dr., Metal Vapor Lasers Dept., Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

“The book reveals the development of new technologies related to the object exposure to energy fluxes in active optical systems. This involves the surface modification for improving performance characteristics, producing new materials and nanostructures, welding and cutting processes, using high-temperature synthesis (SHS), etc. First of all, this happened because the impact of energy fluxes is always accompanied by the powerful background lighting which impedes the object visualization and control of technological processes.” READ MORE…Snezhana Gocheva-Ilieva, Professor, University of Plovdiv “Paisii Hilendarski”, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

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Biocomposites: Properties, Performance and Applications

“This book is a valuable up-to-date addition to the existing literature on the subject of biocomposites. Although many books have been recently published in this very active field of research, most of them focused mainly on just one aspect of the domain. We must keep in mind that biocomposites represent an interdisciplinary category of materials and a linear approach is rather theoretic. This book, on the other hand, focuses on various aspects like structure and properties, performance and applications of these materials, presenting these issues in a strong interdependency, as most of the factors affecting the level of performance of these materials are acting synergistically. Hence, this book addresses to the needs of scientists from universities, academia and industry R&D from multidisciplinary backgrounds.” – Dr. Carmen-Alice Teaca, “Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Romania

“Written by top experts in this field, this book is an excellent addition to the already expanding literature on biocomposites. This book offers up-to-date studies, as well as review articles, on biocomposites. This book is strongly recommended to students, academics and researchers working on biocomposites.” – Dr. Mohammad Jawaid, Department of Biocomposite Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

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Analytical Chemistry: Developments, Applications and Challenges in Food Analysis

Analytical Chemistry: Developments, Applications and Challenges in Food Analysis represents a collection of book chapters showing the fundament of validation and instrumental set up of analytical methods that are used to analyze foods and their ingredients. The different chapters include several topics discussing the validation of analytical methods, extraction procedures, and other multidisciplinary approaches for the analysis of foods, particularly supplements originated from raw plant materials.” READ MORE…Maria Carafa, Professor, Pharmacy and Medicine, “La Sapienza” University of Rome

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New Developments in Liquid Crystals Research

“Cholesteric liquid crystals are historically the first liquid crystalline materials discovered by Friedrich Reinitzer in 1888. Since then, cholesteric liquid crystals are in the focus of scientists and engineers attracting their attention with the peculiar optical and electro-optical properties. Three of the book’s chapters are devoted to different techniques of preparation of microencapsulated polymeric particles and flakes and their electro-optical properties.” READ MORE…Lachezar Komitov, Professor, PhD, CEO Innovidis AB, Sweden, and Liquid Crystal Physics, Department of Physics, Göteborg University

“Liquid crystalline materials are an impressive class of condensed mater combining mobility and order, which gives rise to their unique properties and enables outstanding applications usually associated with liquid crystal displays that can be found in TV screens, computer monitors, tablets, mobile phones, but also in more advanced applications in photonics, telecommunications, medicine and other fields.” READ MORE…Vukoman Jokanovic, PhD, Laboratory of Atomic Physic, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinca, Belgrade, Serbia

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Ultra Low Frequency Fields of Moving Bodies

“Dr. Semenov is among few scientists who have drawn attention of colleagues interested in moving body detection to its ultra-low frequency oscillations and provided theoretical background to prediction of corresponding additional hydrodynamic ultra-low frequency fields in atmosphere and ocean. The text is rich in physical details and experimental data explaining limits of known moving body detection methods and providing their comparison to detection method proposed as well as endorsing validity and reality of achieved results. The book is essential for scientists or naval engineers taking a serious interest in moving body detection progress.” – Professor Sergey N. Kulichkov, Deputy Director, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Laureate of Russian Government prize in the field of physical sciences

“This book provides substantial contribution to solution of basic problem of hydroacoustics related to detection of underwater objects, for instance submarines, in their self-noise reduction environment. Major part of the book is related to description of natural and man-made ultra-low frequency field’s behavior in ocean and atmosphere. It is important that scattering evaluation methods developed in the book allow evaluation of sound field scattered by slowly oscillating moving body capable of generating ambient flow field including gravity waves and ordinary wake predict their decisive contribution to forward scattered sound signals. These results provide grounds for alternative method of submerged moving objects detection in ocean. Examples of practical detection results achieved with aid of various underwater arrays either stationary or installed on ship board published by a number of authors in the web during last decades are also adduced. These results achieved at distance ranges from several to hundred miles support theoretical predictions and provide recommending the book for acoustician and naval engineers developing acoustic systems for outdoor observations as well as for naval specialists responsible for ocean shipping situation control.” – Professor Alexander V. Evtushenko, Full Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science Department in Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia

“This book is written by an experienced specialist in acoustics of moving media and underwater hydroacoustics Dr. Andrew (Andrey) Semenov from Acoustics Institute in Moscow, Russia. It shows insufficiency of current state-of-the art in naval hydroacoustics and moving media acoustics related to detected objects self noise noticeable reduction. Main chapters of the book are related to the detailed description of ultra low frequency field structure and its origins in ocean and to sound scattering by moving bodies taking into account specifics of slowly oscillating moving body ambient flow including gravity waves and wake arguing their decisive contribution to observed sound signals. This approach developed by the author since the very beginning of 1980s presented in ”Acoustical Physics” journal and in “Acoustics of Moving Inhomogeneities” book published recently by Nova Science was realized in pioneer methods of moving body detection in ocean inhomogeneous media. Another impressive and informative chapter of the book is related to body detection experimental results achieved on various underwater hydroacoustics arrays either stationary or installed on ships board. These results are demonstrated in various ocean regions for wide enough target distances ranges from several miles to hundred miles. In general, book will be useful for acousticians and naval engineers developing acoustic systems for underwater or atmosphere observations, and also for marine officers involved in application of underwater naval hydroacoustics arrays for targets control in ocean.” – Professor Igor B. Esipov, Full Professor of Physics Department in I.M. Gubkin’s Oil and Gas University, Moscow, Russia, Vice Editor-in-Chief of “Acoustical Physics” journal, Russian Acoustical Society Executive Board member, Acoustical Society of America member

“This book provides substantial contribution to solution of actual naval hydroacoustics problems related to submarines self-noise reduction. Few chapters of the book are related to description of natural and artificial ultra-low frequency field sources in ocean and atmosphere. Moving bodies sound scattering evaluation methods taking into account ambient flow fields related to oscillating moving body including gravity waves and wake arguing their decisive contribution to observed sound signals, mainly, for submarines in ocean are developed in the book as well. It allows providing alternative method of submarine detection. Important portion of the book is devoted to submarine detection experimental results achieved with aid of various underwater hydroacoustics arrays. These results demonstrated for wide enough submarine distances ranges from several miles to hundred miles support theoretical predictions and allow recommending the book for acousticians and naval engineers developing acoustic observation systems as well as for specialists applying underwater hydroacoustics arrays for shipping control in ocean to provide dichotomy classification of the targets detected.” – Professor Victor D. Svet, Leading Research Scientist, academician N.N. Andreev’s Acoustics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

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