Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Creativity in Occupational Therapy: Person, Process, Product

“One of a kind, fresh perspective on creativity! Creativity in Occupational Therapy: Person, Process, Product provides a comprehensive, evidence-based exploration of creativity. As a multi-dimensional concept, creativity is examined as both a personal characteristic and one that is critical to the occupational therapy process. Dr. Oven states, “Creativity can be found in the way we approach the world, reason, occupy ourselves, develop abilities, and prepare for the future.” (p. 32). Numerous definitions and theories of creativity are extensively discussed based on current literature and Dr. Oven’s research. The most significant contribution is Dr. Oven’s broad consideration of the use of creativity in occupational therapy practice. She discusses the traditional use of creative occupations as a therapeutic modality which is supported in the World Health Organizations’ (WHO) recent report providing evidence that participation in creative arts promotes physical and mental health and prevents ill health (Fancourt & Finn, 2019). A significant contribution, however, is Dr. Oven’s expanded view of the importance of creativity in the therapeutic process for both the therapist and the client. For therapists, creativity promotes open-mindedness, original ideas, and the ability to solve problems. As a part of client-centered care, Dr. Oven acknowledges the importance of incorporating the client’s creativity in therapy to promote successful outcomes. She also explores how features of the work environment can foster or hinder creativity in practice. The monograph closes with a synthesis of her original mixed methods research on factors influencing creativity in occupational therapy. In sum, Creativity in Occupational Therapy: Person, Process, Product provides a unique and valuable contribution to occupational therapy and the general public’s understanding and use of creativity in daily life.” – Susan Bazyk, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, Professor Emerita, Occupational Therapy, Cleveland State University, USA

“The content of the present book is highly applicable to real life situations of occupational therapists and at the same time rather innovative, as it encroaches on one of the least researched fields in social and health sciences, on the occupational therapy process and the role of creativity in it. The key contribution of the book is the cutting-edge approach to the creativity of occupational therapists in the occupational therapy process from a theoretical and empirical perspective. The author discusses in depth the creative process of occupational therapist in occupational therapy treatment, and the factors that trigger creativity, influence its course, stimulate and / or hinder it. The book offers an overview of synthesized and pulled key concepts on creativity from a variety of sources to provide a comprehensive resource for scientists and practitioners in the field. To achieve that, the author draws on recent interdisciplinary theoretical backgrounds (philosophical, psychological, sociological, medical, occupational therapy), available in scientific and professional literature worldwide. Furthermore, the book presents research tools for a novel assessment of creativity in occupational therapy, which makes the book both, relevant and practical.” – Dr. Bojana Lobe, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana

“This manuscript is a timely, fresh and exciting read that addresses several critical questions in the field of occupational therapy that are connected with the human, its vulnerability, and the need for a purpose-filled existence as well as with our shared humanity that should mark the professional relationship between the therapist and the client. This humanistic approach can only be achieved by supporting the client’s abilities, initiating new possibilities and leaning on the creative potential of a therapist who is sensitive to the needs of others. READ MORE…Dr. Zalka Drglin, National Institute of Public Health, Ljubljana, Slovenia

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A University Assisted Community Schools Approach to Understanding Social Problems and Social Justice 

“This book is written for both experienced scholar-activists and those new to the field of scholar activism. With over 40 years of experience, the author shares his most notable successes and failures, some deeply personal, others representative of larger systemic issues. In all of his successes and failures, there were lessons to be learned. The author embeds his theoretical analysis within a rich, cultural context that is littered with personal anecdotes, Bob Dylan songs, and some of his favorite fiction and non-fiction authors. For example, he describes one notable failure in a section entitled “To get [sic] stuck inside a mobile with the Memphis blues again.” In this chapter the author describes his foray into an urban, politically contested school debate that seemed to play out along racial and class lines. His team – an undergraduate student from Memphis, a graduate student, and a state representative – were all deeply committed to the community school model but soon realized they had failed to adequately consider the legacy of segregation. The lesson: context matters. A number of successes provide readers with the foundational and conceptual frameworks that demonstrate the utility of community schools. Communities and campus partners give each school a unique character that affects programming, goals, and engagement with children and their families. Two university-assisted community schools in Knoxville, Tennessee illustrate this point. The lesson: context matters. The social, political, and economic climate in which schools exist punctuate the need for community schools that reflect the people of the communities in which they are embedded. Community schools will continue to fill the gaps left by compromised systems, which deny full educational opportunities to marginalized groups. This book provides a lens by which this model can be further understood and replicated.” – Sylvia D. Turner, Ph.D., Associate Director, Haslam Scholars Program, The University of Tennessee, USA

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Racecadotril: An Effective Anti-Diarrheal Drug

“Diarrhea, whose morbidity is still a non-solved problem, still creates a great deal of anxiety among parents who look for something to stop the disease as quickly as possible. Racecadotril fulfills all the characteristics that an ideal antidiarrheal drug should have, as described by Dr. Robert Edelman in 1985, when adequate antidiarrheal drugs were not yet available. Taken by mouth, racecadotril is rapidly absorbed in the intestine and found subsequently in large quantities in the submucosal structures of the intestinal wall. It inhibits the enkephalinase activity, protects enkephalins from inactivation, reduces cytosolic cyclic AMP level, and rapidly controls hypersecretion of water and electrolytes without affecting the intestinal motility. Furthermore, it does not cross the blood-brain barrier and thus has no sedative effects. This book, edited by Dr. Marco Manfredi, is a comprehensive review of racecadotril. A group of experts in the field reviews its history, pharmacologic properties, mode of action, and results of clinical trials conducted to prove its efficacy and safety. It is particularly remarkable to have among the authors, Dr. Schwartz and Dr. Lecomte, who were the developers of this drug. Time will prove that this book is an excellent addition to the bookshelf of those who have an interest in the field of diarrheal diseases and its treatment.” – Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

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Food as Medicine

“The authors have done substantial literature survey and included key references that can be useful for interested students and researchers. The book also contains basic chapters dealing with antioxidant chemistry, their mechanism of action in the body and modulation of intracellular signaling circuits by food constituents that can be very helpful in understanding the mechanism of action of foods on health and disease.” READ MORE…M.T. Ravi Subbiah, Professor Emeritus, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.

“Essa and Memon are well qualified editors and this text is an excellent, well-referenced collection of papers assembled to introduce and answer basic science and research questions on the topic.”READ MORE…Richard E. Palmquist, DVM, President, American Holistic Veterinary Medical Foundation

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Bubble Nucleation and Dynamics

“This monograph concerns small bubbles in nonequilibrium situations. Describing nucleation phenomena requires that the continuum assumption be supplemented with models of molecular activity and kinetic theory. Much of this book reviews the authors original research. It is an updated version of a work originally published in Korean. The first five chapters deal with the origin and early growth of bubbles; vapor bubble formation in liquids, superheat heat limit of liquids, gaseous bubble formation in solutions, formation of bubbles in cavities, and condensation and vaporization on flat surfaces. The following four chapters concern bubble dynamics. Events are described using a set of analytical solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations with spherical symmetry. Sonoluminescence phenomena is discussed from a hydrodynamics viewpoint. One chapter is devoted to shock wave propagation in bubbly mixtures. Another chapter deals with the gravitational collapse of Newtonian stars and the core collapse of supernovas. This analysis also is relevant to a fire-ball generated by TNT explosion underwater. An engineer or scientist working with bubbles phenomena needs to be acquainted with the results in this monograph.” – Ronald L. Panton, Emeritus J. H. Herring Centennial Professor, Walker Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Texas, Austin, Texas; Author of “Incompressible Flow,” a well-known graduate test in Fluid Mechanics

“This book is a remarkable culmination of the author’s lifelong love and study of the bubble. It offers the extensive account of relevant materials in a manner so thorough but still readable that it will undoubtedly mark the fundamental reference for everyone in its field to keep.” – Wonho Jhe, Professor at Seoul National University, Associate editor of Applied Nanoscience

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Biodiversity of the Bulgarian-Romanian Section of the Lower Danube

“The Danube River flows across much of the European continent from its central part to its southeastern border. In addition to its high transport, commercial and economic importance, the River is also a key factor in biodiversity, especially in its lower course. Therefore, it is a good idea to summarize in one book the available information together with original unpublished data on the species diversity, chorology and ecology of key groups of animals and overview of significant vegetation areas in the Bulgarian section of the Danube,” READ MORE… – Associate Professor Dr. Alexi Popov, Former Director (retired), National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgaria

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The Elusive Search for Job Security: A Historical Inquiry into Dismissals in the US Workplace

“In this elegantly argued book, Matthias Beck has produced a masterful account of how and why successive attempts at strengthening job security for American employees at their place of work have come virtually to nothing. Synthesising brilliantly a mass of historical detail, he shows how powerful institutional and organizational forces have been mobilised to prevent American employees enjoying a level of employment protection that is taken-for-granted in most parts of Europe. As a result, at-will-employment is the Sword of Damocles that continues to hang most American workplaces. Above all, what emerges from this fine book is the perverse irony of the world’s richest country affording its citizens the least job security of any economically advanced nation.” – Professor Paul Teague, Martin Naughton Chair of Management at Queen’s University, Belfast

“In this impressively researched and scholarly book Prof Beck investigates the origins and consequences of limited legal protection offered to American workers … and explores the particular historical reasons for this apparent American exceptionalism. Thoroughly footnoted throughout, the narrative concentrates on the legal aspects of dismissal and the role of the judiciary promoting ‘at will’ firing and plant level bargaining. A detailed array of evidence is fielded to show how attempts to restrict managerial rights were doomed to failure … The book will be of interest to business, legal and economic historians, and policy makers. Above all, it will appeal to those readers who are seeking new insights into the linkages between disorganised labour and the evident competitive advantage of American capitalism before the financial crisis of 2007.” – Professor Steven Toms, Chair in Accounting at Leeds University Business School, UK and Editor of Business History.

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A Review and Directions for Research

“The author successfully addresses the main bottleneck to protein production using Pseudomonas expression system. This book chapter then highlights several expression platforms that have been developed for recombinant protein production. Examples and references given might provide some insight and guideline to the scientific community to use Pseudomonas as an effective production system.” – Dr. Iffah Izzati Zakaria, Natural Product and Drug Discovery Centre, Malaysian Institute of Pharmaceuticals and Nutraceuticals, Ministry of Science,Technology and Innovation, Gelugor, Malaysia

“Overall this chapter provide an insight of the latest trend in Pseudomonas aeruginosa research study.” – Dr. Alene Tawang, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia

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Amylose: Properties, Structure and Functions

“Amylose makes up one quarter of starch molecule, but plays a very important role in starch functionality in food, feed and industrial applications. There are several aspects of amylose biosynthesis and structure that need to be comprehended to completely utilize the diverse functional attributes of amylose in food and industrial applications. The book presents an extensive review of important aspects of amylose, structure biosynthesis and utilization, which will serve as an excellent resource for students, academics, industry researchers and application specialists interested in starch.” – Ravindra N Chibbar, Ph.D., W.J. White Professor, Canada Research Chair (2003 – 2018), Crop Quality (Molecular Biology & Genetics), Department of Plant Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada

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Smallholder Farmers and Farming Practices: Challenges and Prospects

“Smallholder farmers are at the forefront of rural development, yet are poorly understood; too often seen as backward, in need of modernisation. Through detailed case studies, this book challenges these misunderstandings and presents a positive view of smallholder farmers as innovators, experimenters and entrepreneurs. Such farmers are not without challenges, however, and the book explores those of climate change, soil fertility decline, market access, land tenure security, among others through diverse case studies. For anyone interested in the future of smallholder agriculture, please read this book!” – Ian Scoones, Professor, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, author of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development (Practical Action, 2015)

“In response to the challenges of climate change and market uncertainties, Oluwatoyin Kolawole’s thought-provoking volume highlights multiple opportunities to support young farmers and revitalize rural economies. It is a welcome resource for academics, researchers, and policy makers alike to address the challenges of smallholder farming.” – Keith M. Moore, Center for International, Research, Education and Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States

“This book offers a deep and critical analysis of the uniquely diverse and daunting challenges faced by smallholder farmers under complexly dynamic environments and mostly resource-poor conditions while providing comprehensive insights into farmers’ coping mechanisms through well-thought and experience-based farming practices. Research outputs from diverse authors, who make use of multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary methodologies, help readers to gain full understanding of smallholder farmers’ practices and policy makers to make well-informed decisions in favor of sustainable smallholder agriculture development.” – E. Fallou Guèye, PhD (Agricultural Sciences), Intl. Project Coordinator, FAO Djibouti and IGAD

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