Book Reviews

Book Reviews

An Introduction to Contact Resistance

As transistors become smaller and smaller, device performance is dominated by parasitics, especially contact resistance. In the last decade, FinFETs lead semiconductor technology. Its 3D structure brings unique opportunities for engineering the contact. This book introduces transistor electronics, contact physics, test structures, and measurements of contact resistance. In technology, process material and integration for resistance reduction are discussed. This book can serve as a reference for semiconductor professionals and students in electrical engineering and material science.

Differences in the City: Postmetropolitan Heterotopias as Liberal Utopian Dreams

An essential book in order to understand the return of a concept (“heterotopia”) that never left.”
Luis Arenas
Former President of the Academic Society of Philosophy (Sociedad Académica de Filosofía)

This indispensable book carefully assesses the emancipatory potential of the polysemic Foucaldian term of “heterotopia” when used to analyse and evaluate various geopolitical and ideological urban contexts, besides and beyond Western-centered “topoi”. Timely and deeply original, the book will prove fundamental both for architects and urban planners on one hand, and social scientists on the other hand – anyone interested in understanding metropolitan processes of social resistance and minority empowerment.”
Magali Bessone
Institute of Legal and Philosophical Sciences (Institut des Sciences Juridique et Philosophique)
University of Paris 1- Panthéon-Sorbonne

“Aggressive, militant, controversial, incorrect… An appealing book that does not walk around the beaten tracks. An excellent collective work that wakes you up from neoliberal urban dreams.”
Ignacio Borrego
Institute of Architecture (Institut für Architektur)
University of Technology
Berlin, Germany

Anger: From Primordial Rage to the Politics of Hatred and Resentment

This work explores and analyzes anger. We examine anger as a single emotion and as it occurs in combination with other emotions in complex social relationships that typically involve power dynamics. We utilize Robert Plutchik’s primary-emotions classification to hierarchically categorize anger and other basic and complex emotions, and we compare constructivist and basic-emotion theories of emotion. We conceptualize the primary emotions––including anger––as prototypical adaptive reactions to key existential problems: temporality, social identity, exchange, and hierarchy. Anger is uniquely reactive to positive and negative experiences of social power, elicited by a perceived threat to the self or to the self’s project to preserve or attain valued status, resources, or goals. Anger triggers activate a three-stage sociocognitive appraisal process in which the self: (i) perceives its social position or valued resource is at stake; (ii) endeavors to modify another actor’s social intentions concerning norms of social sharing and social cohesion; and (iii) develops an intentional act. We identify two complex emotions––hatred and resentment––-as essential political emotions. Both share anger as a key component, and also include contempt. Hatred can be harnessed for pernicious ends, becoming an expression or instrument of power; resentment is more typically an emotion of the powerless, arising as a reaction to unjustified suffering. We examine the place of anger, hatred, resentment, and other emotions of power and powerlessness in contemporary United States politics, particularly to competing political ideologies of globalism–neoliberalism, democratic socialism, and nationalism–populism.

Frontiers in Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing is an ever-increasing field of interest both from a conceptual and applied standpoint. In fact, apart from its importance in helping to understand the quantum mechanical behavior of several physical systems (including condensed matter, living systems, elementary particles, astrophysical structures and so on) as well as the physical foundation of information itself at the most elementary level, quantum computing is related to the possibility in designing and realizing an actual quantum computer that could be enormously faster than its classical counterpart. This book covers some of the most interesting, advanced and promising features of quantum computing related to different frontier fields, even unconventional, such as the possibility to realize a quantum superfast “hypercomputing” system using water molecules as physical substrate; the connection between quantum computers and quantum gravity; the development of an “instantaneous quantum computer algorithm”; the realization of a universal quantum computer, as well as of a brain-like quantum supercomputer and many others fascinating topics.

Emerging Human and Techno-Human Business Management Dynamics in a Globalized Environment

An exponential stride in globalization, impressively expedited by advanced technology, has brought about immense changes in the backdrop of world markets. Big data and digital technologies like Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality and Artificial Intelligence, assisted this progression by improving efficiency and effectiveness of the way ‘things are done’. All of these factors, in conjunction, have highly influenced the how, where and when of business management today. Leveraging on them has enabled advanced markets to establish themselves further, and new markets to start emerging spectacularly. In this novel, Environment of Emerging Human and Techno-Human Business Management Dynamics, virtual influencers and gamification started becoming the norm of the day. What’s more, businesses are in constant competition to achieve brand loyalty among their customers through bolstering up the branding of their products and services. Advancement in technology though comes at a price, as it leads to an increase in fraudulent activities. In this climate, ethical leadership is required to lead people. Management by mission and evidence-based management can be tools to steer towards better and more transparent decision making in organizations. Amidst this, the role of crisis management is vital to assist in crisis and disaster preparedness.

Chalcones and Their Synthetic Analogs

Chalcones is a collective name of natural and synthetic compounds with a 1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-one moiety. Natural chalcones are biogenetic precursors of the flavonoids in higher plants. They belong to one of the major classes of naturally occurring compounds with widespread distribution in different plant families. Natural and synthetic chalcones display a wide variety of pharmacological effects, including antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory activities, cytotoxicity towards cancer cell-lines, antitumor, and antitumor-promoting, activities. The chalcone scaffold is one of the natural privileged structures, which possess geometry suitable for decoration with side chains, such that the resulting products bind to different target proteins. The present contribution summarizes an up-to-date summary of their synthetic methods, UV, IR and MS characterization, covalent and noncovalent interactions under cellular conditions, as well as antimalarial and anti-inflammatory actions of natural and synthetic derivatives. Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of not only chalcones but their conformationally restricted analogs are also discussed. Furthermore, synthetic methods and biological activities of C5-curcuminoids, a class of compounds with the related 3-aryl-2-propen-1-one moiety, are summarized. The respective chapters discuss the known structure-to-spectroscopic characteristic and structure-to-biological activity relationships as well.

Children and Young Adult Headache Disorders: A Clinical Guide

FULL STORY OF HEADACHE: Drs. Qaiser and Lightner have written a thorough, but easily readable text that covers the full story of headaches. Starting from a historical perspective to the latest treatments that have been developed, the topics are sure to provide the answers needed to evaluate and manage children, adolescents and young adults with headaches. For the general clinician, this reference will provide you with the answers needed while your patient is there in the room, while also giving you the foundation for your decisions. This book will provide you and your patients with the answers to make sure that they are in control of their headaches and not the other way around.”
Andrew Hershey, MD
World Leading Pediatric Headache Expert

PHILOSOPHY OF THIS BOOK: This book’s philosophy is to inform with a narrative, our current understanding of headache disorders. The book equips the reader with the necessary knowledge to discuss headache disorders in children. This book is a pleasurable read for busy clinicians and parents who like to be well informed.”
Siddharth Kapoor, MD
The Headache Specialist

Desertification: Past, Current and Future Trends

Desertification, which is generally regarded as a special case of land degradation, has been an issue of global concern for decades…It is clearly a highly topical issue and this contribution, edited by Victor Squires and Ali Ariapour, is both timeous and relevant to the debate. The book is comprised of 10 chapters, six of which are either authored or co-authored by the editors. Because of their background and experience, case studies from Iran and China have a stronger emphasis in this volume than is usually the case. However, the first chapter by John Oswald and Sarah Harris provides a very useful and balanced global overview of the desertification debate, which I would recommend as necessary reading for anyone wishing to undertake research in this field…READ MORE
M Timm Hoffman
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Cape Town
Cape Town
South Africa

Leukemia. Radiation. Chornobyl (Oncohematological Consequences of the Chornobyl Catastrophe)

“This work carried out by Professor Daniil F. Gluzman and his colleagues from the R.E. Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology of Kyiy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on the consequences of the Chornobyl disaster in 1986 on the incidence of hematologic malignancies in the most affected regions in Ukraine should be praised. A difficult endeavor given the scarcity of local registries for different diseases. The authors for the first time report a trend towards an increase in some forms of leukemia, in particular acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and, possibly, also of myelodysplastic syndromes following the Chornobyl tragedy. While the data on AML were expected, the evidence of an increase in CLL cases is probably a surprise and the effect of long-lived radionuclide contamination on chronic B-cell malignancies deserves further investigation. The book contains also a detailed description on the available literature data. From the survivors of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, to nuclear weapon tests and radiation accidents, and their possible association with malignant diseases. Finally, a chapter is dedicated to biomarkers of radiation-associated leukemogenesis. In essence a comprehensive book on the potential consequences of nuclear leaks that ties together literature data, biomarkers and the first evidence of the consequences of the Chornobyl explosion on the occurrence of hematologic malignancies. A book that in my opinion should be made broadly available to the medical community, but also to the general public. Global awareness and information have become a crucial part of our existence and wellbeing today and more so tomorrow.”
Robin Foà
Professor of Hematology
Sapienza University
Rome, Italy

From Pap Smear to HPV Vaccine: The Cervical Cancer Prevention Industry

This book is for those who have eyes to see and the moral constitution to know.”
James Lyons-Weiler, PhD
The Institute for Pure and Applied Knowledge

This book summarizes different approaches to cervical cancer prevention currently used or proposed to be used in the United States. The author claims that the purpose of this book is to uncover the flaws of some of these approaches so that the readers as informed healthcare consumers can maintain the personal dignity, respect and autonomy they deserve in order to protect their own health and lives and those of their loved ones. After reading through the chapters of the book, this reviewer finds the author has accomplished his mission with ample factual and science-based evidence. Since these approaches to cervical cancer prevention are also widely used around the world, this book is also recommended for readers in other English-speaking countries.”
Professor Yehuda Shoenfeld, MD, FRCP, MaACR
Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases Sheba Medical Center (Affiliated to Tel-Aviv University), Israel
Past Incumbent of the Laura Schwarz-Kipp Chair for Research of Autoimmune Diseases, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
Editor-in-chief, Autoimmunity Reviews

“I recommend his book wholeheartedly. This book should be studied by all university medical professors and students across the world as a sort of the most authoritative “Bible” in the HPV vaccine-associated adverse reaction field because its author, backed by his deep knowledge of molecular biology and vital functions of codons and consequences of its translation and transcription, elucidates reasons and causes of ultra-wide-ranging types of adverse reactions that also show up at recipients of HPV vaccines. The adverse reactions of HPV vaccines sometimes manifest themselves as extremely serious and painful side-effects affecting recipient girls’ and young women’s central nerve system to the point of devastating and crippling such recipient girls. Some of such girls ended up committing suicide in my country and in other countries too amidst their intense sufferings resulting from HPV vaccine injections and their consequences at their brains and other key portions of the central nerve system.”
Professor Harumi Kuno-Sakai, MD
Former President of the Japanese Society of Clinical Virology
Former Executive Editor-in-Chief, The Clinical Virology
Former pediatrics and public health professor at Tokai University School of Medicine
Ex-immunology researcher at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

“This book should be required reading for every person on the planet. The eminent Dr. Sin Hang Lee takes his readers on a well-documented look inside the creation of a cervical cancer prevention industry. How did physicians mutate from providing patients with a proven safe and effective means of controlling cervical cancer to using methods based on promises from pharmaceutical manufacturers? Are these promises scientifically proven? How did the general public come to trust promises from the medical industrial complex as scientifically proven facts? Who are the real beneficiaries of these transitions? Learning the answers to these questions could save you or someone you love from becoming the next victim of prescriptions for profit.”
Norma Erickson
Founder and President of SaneVax, Inc.