Book Reviews

Book Reviews

Glycome: The Hidden Code in Biology

“We now know that glycans embed specific information in their 3D structures recognised by other macromolecules. This book provides a wonderful and timely collection of diverse topics on the latest developments in the generation of tools to study glycans, the role of glyco codes in a range of physiological responses in mammals and plants and the impact of altered glycosylation in disease. This will be a highly valuable resource for both beginners and experts in the glycobiology field, a pivotal discipline for biology.”
Paul A. Gleeson, PhD, Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

“The diverse compositions and structures of glycans and polysaccharides that modify the majority of intracellular and extracellular proteins have critical functions in most cellular biology from birth to growth, to maintenance of adulthood, to pathologies. This book identifies the very large variety of normal and pathological cellular functions and processes that rely on the glyco structures involved. I highly recommend that researchers, especially young investigators, read the relevant chapters to learn how glycobiology can have a major impact on their ongoing and future research.”
Vincent Hascall, PhD, Biomedical Engineering, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA

Revision of Genus Alysicarpus Neck ex Desv. (Fabaceae) in India: A Monographic Approach

This book is the lifetime effort of Dr. Dileep Pokle. It covers 27 taxa occurring in India. He left no stone unturned in this book. Alysicarpus is a genus with numerous variations which poses problems for fixing the species delimitation. This book addresses many of the issues of identification and helps to come to a precise conclusion. The book has excellent photo plates of species and the good quality line drawings are very helpful from a visual point of view for researchers for correct identification. This book deserves appreciation for solving the species complexes of this genus that were enigmatic for a long time. There is no doubt that this book will trigger further research on this genus, bringing out many undescribed species from all over the world.”
Dr. D. Narasimhan
Professor of Botany (Retired)

“This book contains a lot of knowledge accumulated by the author who has been devoted to his research in Alysicarpus for a long time. Morphological characteristics of flowers, fruits and seeds is included, with detailed descriptions for each species with rich illustrations. A new classification system is proposed based on relationships among the species in India based on traditional methods. A further progress of taxonomy of Alysicarpus is expected based on this contribution.”
H. Ohashi
Professor, University of Tokyo (Retired)

Emerging Trends in Global Organizational Science Phenomena: Critical Roles of Politics, Leadership, Stress, and Context

“Early organizational research was rooted in studies in Great Britain and the U.S. In a short time, we found our knowledge base regarding organizations was rooted almost entirely in US culture and organizations. This led to a sense that our understanding of organizations was very much culture bound. While the world kept getting smaller, our foundations remained the same with little to inform us regarding the viability of our understanding outside U.S. borders. Indeed, there has been an increasing effort in recent times to rectify the issue, however global organizational research is extremely difficult. Language, cultural, economic, and legal differences can create substantial hurdles. This can easily produce contrasts of phenomena that may be labelled the same but are substantively different. Although a useful starting place, global research was often reduced to comparative studies across national boundaries. It is encouraging to witness scholars’ persistence in chipping away at the obstacles and boundaries, and now we find more editions such as this volume that are increasingly digging deeper into basic human, cultural, and organizational characteristics, and presenting them in a fashion that has potential to exert a lasting and indelible effect on global organizational theory, research, and practice. This volume (Emerging Trends in Global Organizational Science Phenomena: Critical Roles of Politics, Leadership, Stress, and Context, edited by Ferris, Perrewé, & Akande) includes 32 original chapters designed to expand our understanding of global organizational science research. Indeed, this volume identifies some critically important issues and results, and leads scholars in some useful and productive new directions for the future. I congratulate the host of global contributors on a notable effort.”
Dwight D. Frink
Professor of Management, University of Mississippi, USA

“General readers, managers, practitioners, students, and academics around the world need to see “Emerging Trends In Global Organizational Science Phenomena:  Critical Roles of Politics, Leadership, Stress, and Context”. With several dozen contributors from many nations, peoples and places, this book will become a classic that unites several emerging trends in global organizational sciences. Politics and leadership stand out as vital subjects that will be capturing more attention as the 21st century continues. Personal reflections are especially welcome because we all share these experiences.”
Dr. Bruce E. Johansen
Frederick W. Kayser University Research Professor, Emeritus
Communication and Native American Studies
University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA

Combating Elder Abuse in Australia and India

“This thought-provoking book brings together perspectives on elder abuse from two very different settings – India and Australia. This is a neglected, but critical issue for the wellbeing of older people and there are important lessons that can be learnt from both countries. And it is great to see the emphasis on concrete strategies to reduce the burden of this pervasive scourge.”
Professor John Beard, ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia;
Adjunct Professor, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

“As President of the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA), I strongly recommend Dr. Shankardass’ edited book on elder abuse to professionals, policymakers, academics and students alike. It provides a comprehensive and cutting edge overview of elder abuse prevention and intervention services as well as legal rights and policies from an international human rights perspective. Dr. Shankardass, a foremost expert in elder abuse, has brought together a world-class group of scholars who contribute their insights and expertise to further knowledge and understanding of this issue.”
Susan B. Somers, JD, President, International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse, New York, USA

“The response to elder abuse and neglect is unique to each jurisdiction (country, region). This book provides a nuanced understanding of the political, social, public health, community and legal responses to this problem in India and Australia. It presents an overview from different disciplines and raises important issues that need to be considered to develop adequate practices such as gender, capacity (or cognitive health), role of families, rights of older persons, … It deserves to be read widely.”
Professor Marie Beaulieu, Ph. D., MSRC/FRSC, Co-Director, WHO Collaborative Centre, Age Friendly Communities/Elder Abuse, Sherbrooke, Canada;
Chairholder, Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults

Craniospinal Vascular Diseases and Endovascular Neurosurgery

“Completing the book, Craniospinal Vascular Diseases and Endovascular Neurosurgery, was a major task and the editors did remarkably well. I am well aware of the difficulties involved in editing a multi-author book. The book is well organized and would be an important addition to literature and very useful for specialists in the field. In my personal capacity as well as in the capacity of 1st Vice President of WFNS, President of the World Federation of Skull Base Surgery Societies and Honorary President, AASNS, I recommend this book.”
Basant Misra, Professor of Neurosurgery Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & MRC, Mumbai, India

A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves

“In recent years, the studies on Lamb wave-based damage detection in thin-walled structures have increased by leaps and bounds. An appropriate compilation of these works is essential so that the new researchers in the field would have a consolidated formation to begin with. In other words, they would have a ‘guide’. The book, A Comprehensive Guide to Lamb Waves, is truly such a guide. The book not only focuses on fundamental aspects of Lamb waves but also addresses various issues related to the experiments, finite element simulations, and algorithms. The chapters are rich in content, well organized, and easy to understand. I congratulate the Editor and Authors for their sincere efforts and highly recommend this book to the readers.”
Dr. Javad Rostami, KTP Associate, Ultrasonic Engineer
School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering
University of Leeds, UK

The Knotted Cord: An Update on Transgenerational Alcohol

This book will be of great interest to a range of practitioners and students working with children, adolescents and their families. This includes those working in medical, psychology, social work and educational settings. It addresses a much under recognised condition: Neurodevelopmental Disorder Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (NDPAE), that is only now being given the attention it deserves. NDPAE may impact on the lives of so many young people who have learning difficulties, behaviour issues and problems in school and residential settings, yet it is often not thought about or considered. Dr. O’Malley has updated his earlier work to include the latest thinking and research on NDPAE. He has vast experience internationally in diagnosing and treating the condition. He is one of the foremost practitioners and thinkers in the field. He promotes a “systems of care” approach which involves parents and a multidisciplinary range of professionals which is very practical and helpful. As a forensic psychologist specialising in working with children and adolescents in the child care systems of Ireland and the UK I have found his work most illuminating and his advice invaluable. I warmly recommend this up-dated edition and believe it is a “must read” for anyone who wishes to learn about NDPAE.” – Dr. Bill Lockhart, PhD, OBE, Forensic Psychologist

“This impressive overview covers much that is presently understood about the deleterious impact a pregnant mother’s alcohol consumption has on her developing fetus. An updated and expanded survey, this is much broader in scope than the original text…O’Malley’s offering is a rich trove of information and insight about an urgent public health, economic and societal crisis… READ MORE>>– Joe Martin, co-founder of both the homeless rescue Downtown Emergency Service Center and the Pike Market Medical Clinic, Seattle, Washington, USA

Emergent Literacy Spectrum of Bilingual Children in India

“‘Quality of Education’ is the buzz word that one keeps hearing across the globe. One can never undermine the fact that the quality of education can be enhanced only when we gain knowledge of the underlying skills that help children to be literate. Even today, education of children has been viewed within the framework of the school curriculum which is neither true nor fair. Pratham, a non-governmental organization has proved beyond doubt that children begin to learn literacy skills much before formal schooling. Pratham’s preschool package for 3 to 5 year- old is based on themes from the child’s immediate environment. The program also has the end goal of preparing children with enough school readiness skills so that the transition to schools will be a smooth and easy experience. In my opinion, the Monograph on Emergent Literacy Spectrum of Bilingual Children in India is the right piece of work at the most appropriate time. The Monograph opens up a vista of thoughts, research questions, ideas, and activities for educational practice in both monolingual and bilingual contexts. Since bilingual children are facilitated in their cognitive development, the thrust given by the author to the spectrum of skills should be taken into cognizance by the educational authorities, teachers, professionals, and parents. I wish there would be more books in the future to gear up our focus on Quality of Education, RPwD Act, and NEP, 2020.”
Padmini, T. Ph.D., (Former) Emeritus Professor of Education, Department of Studies in Education, University of Mysore, Mysore, India

“Significant development across the globe is a matter of pride for all human beings. It is beyond doubt that for all these developments, the crucial factor is literacy. It is my conviction that literacy enhancement in children lays a strong foundation for a productive world. My service for nearly four decades as Itinerant Speech Therapist liaising between institutional-based professionals as well as community-level functionaries left me in a lurch for want of an introductory book on emergent literacy. I had shared my thoughts with Dr. Prema Rao, who judiciously considered writing a Monograph on emergent literacy. The Monograph, in addition to the description of different phases of emergent literacy, brings out the spectrum of skills that emerge in bilingual children drawing support from research. The reader-friendly writing style, sections focused on specific themes augmented with relevant diagrams hold the attention of readers. I sincerely hope and wish that the readers make the best use of information and resources available in the Monograph to facilitate literacy development in children.”
Ms. Indira Nair, Graduate in Speech and Hearing, (Former) Itinerant Speech Therapist, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Manasagangothri, Mysore, India

COVID-19 by Cases: A Pandemic Review

“When COVID-19 related hospital admissions rise in many states throughout the nation it presents an extraordinary ongoing challenge to the healthcare system. It is in this setting, as heroes at the frontlines of critical care, that Dr. Sujanthy Rajaram with her co-editors and authors created COVID by Cases: A Pandemic Review. Written over the last 6 months, this multidisciplinary and multi-institutional effort contains contemporary pragmatic advice derived from the firsthand experiences of its authors and the available literature. The book begins with a historical and pathophysiological review of COVID-19 infection followed by 26 more chapters covering the respiratory, cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, cytopathological, coagulopathic and thrombotic manifestations of COVID-19 infection. Included are chapters on the unique clinical aspects of COVID infection in airway management, oxygen therapy, ventilation, sedation and analgesia, pharmacotherapy, CPR, pregnancy, and ECMO. Additional chapters discuss personal protective equipment, vaccines, comorbidities, morbidity and mortality, and COVID in children. Nursing perspectives are given in the chapter “Reflections and Experiences” and international perspectives in “The Global Response to COVID-19”. Topics in rehabilitation and long-term care, and difficult issues in ethics and palliative care are discussed. Although the book is comprehensive in scope, the chapters use cases as platforms for discussion and are concise and easy to read. COVID by Cases is a worthwhile resource for practitioners and students caring for COVID patients in acute care settings including the emergency department and hospital wards, in addition to the ICU.”
John M. Oropello, MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCM, Professor of Surgery & Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Director, Transplant ICU, Program Director, Critical Care Medicine, Institute for Critical Care Medicine, New York City, NY USA

“The editors and co-authors have written a very relevant book at this time and place. Since they are themselves health care providers treating COVID-19 patients, they are in a unique position to provide us with this important information. The book is well written and an excellent case-based review of the pandemic with 27 chapters. Congratulations for writing such a book during the pandemic while at the same time caring for patients!”
Arthur S. Walters, M.D., Professor of Neurology, Division of Sleep Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA

“The authors in compiling, organizing, and dissecting the existing medical knowledge have provided a wonderful service to the medical community. Having up-to-date, state-of-the-art information that can be trusted about COVID-19 is critical to our patient care. The book traverses a broad array of topics from critical care management and palliation to vaccination and pharmacotherapy with a balanced and even-handed approach. It delves into issues that impact all clinicians and simultaneously appeals to the specialists. While universally appealing topics like treatment are well-presented, other important areas such as quality and safety are not given short shrift. There are even discussions of things I have never considered such as how to prone an intubated pregnant patient. Such practical, evidence-based guidance is exactly what clinicians need in this moment. In a structured, easily readable text that covers a wide range of COVID-related issues, the book serves as a comprehensive resource to review and digest the many faceted and ever evolving COVID story.”
Elizabeth Cerceo, MD, FACP, FHM, Associate Professor Medicine, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Associate Program Director and Hospitalist, Cooper University Hospital, Advocacy Chair, American College of Physicians, New Jersey, USA

Ambient Combustion Ultrafine Particles and Health

“Drs. Brugge and Fuller have produced a timely collection of the critical research on the health effects of exposure to ultrafine particles. The book captures the collective wisdom and knowledge of some of the major contributors to this area of research and makes a compelling case for the cause-effect relationship between exposure to ultrafine particles, resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, and various adverse health outcomes. They have weaved together an outstanding body of science to tell an exciting story of scientific discovery.”
Kenneth Olden, Ph.D.
Former Director, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

“Finally, we have an authoritative book that serves as a compendium on ultrafine particle pollution in our air. Unlike particles of dust we see floating in a shaft of light or cigarette smoke, ultrafine particles are present in copious numbers and yet, are unseen. Consider every quiet breath we take is 200-300 cubic centimeters, so over the course of day we can easily inhale billons of UFPs. Ambient Combustion Ultrafine Particles and Health is pertinent not just to air pollution epidemiologists, but other professionals needing to know sources of UFP to inform design of appliances, ventilation systems and product formulations. Read this book for a new perspective on what we are all breathing.”
John D. Spengler, PhD
Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation
Department of Environmental Health
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health