The 3C strategy for traditional and online active learning

Introduction Active learning involves multiple learner-centered activities, learner responsibly for learning, engagement with course elements, as well as interesting, meaningful, and thought-provoking activities (Shawer, 2022; Shawer, 2017). Active learning research shows improved critical thinking skills, learning retention and transfer, motivation, interpersonal skills, course completion rates, and learning outcomes (Prince, 2004). This makes the ability to […]

Real and virtual lineup activities for active learning classrooms

Introduction Active learning is an approach to instruction involving a broad range of learner-centered instructional strategies, which encourage learner responsibly for their learning and engagement with course elements, including what they should learn, why they should learn it, how to learn it, as well as how to achieve the course learning outcomes. Engaging students with […]

Active learning strategies: How to run online and traditional active learning classrooms?

Introduction Active learning is a quality indicator of course and program effectiveness. When instructors are able to engage students with the course elements, they are in a position to stimulate their motivation and provide them with meaningful learning experiences. They would be also able to materialize learning outcomes (LOs) of their courses and programs. Prior […]

Social and emotional learning (SEL) for inclusive education

Introduction Students not only develop academic skills during universal or general classroom instruction, but they also develop socially and emotionally. When schools intentionally infuse social and emotional skills into their academic programs, student academic performance improves, as well as their future career prospect. This is because social and emotional learning (SEL) provides students with those […]

Effective implementation of personalized learning

Introduction A general core curriculum and instruction program is unlikely to cater for the needs of all students, no matter the high-quality it has. Despite addressing the needs of the majority of students, many students remain disappointed with either being forced to move forward or left behind the average group (Raudys, 2021). Therefore, concerns have […]

Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)

Introduction While a high-quality universal education helps the majority of students to achieve the curriculum goals, it does not address the needs of other students who need different levels of supports to achieve target competencies and learning outcomes (LOs). To address the needs of struggling students, many schools used to move these students into interventions […]

Universal design for learning: How does it support competency-based education?

Introduction Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is an approach to curriculum and instruction where equal learning opportunities are provided to all students in an inclusive environment. Every student is valued, respected, and supported to succeed regardless of his or her background (CAST- Center for Applied Special Technology, 2018; Nisbet, 2020). UDL instruction customizes learning experiences […]

How to implement competency-based education

Introduction Competency-based education (CBE) is an impactful and relatively new approach to education. It forms a paradigm shift from a time-based to performance-based education. The shift to CBE is a big change that requires commitment, collaboration, coordination, and resources at different levels (Walton & Ryerse, 2021). In this article, I discuss the requirements for a […]

Competency-based education

Introduction As a traditional education (TE) teacher, you would have probably asked yourself similar questions when the bell rang to mark the end of each of your classes. Were there students left with struggles and confusion? Were there students bored as a result of going through what they already know or being lock stepped in […]

Common Visual Art in a Social Digital Age

In the past year and a half of the SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 pandemic, many people have had to go to ground in a time of lockdowns and stay-at-home orders.  This has meant that large swaths of the world’s population have had to distract themselves.  One pastime has been to create common art, using a variety […]

Ecological Reciprocity: A Treatise on Kindness

“Ecological Reciprocity is a profound reminder of the fragile life support systems we receive from every ecosystem in this anthropogenic epoch of the planet. In their lifetime epic journey of ecological protection of nature, the Authors wonderfully portray their unparalleled creative conscience and emotional intelligence.” – Ugyen Tshewang, PhD, Bhutan’s Ministry of Agriculture, former Governor […]

“AN INTRODUCTION TO MEDICINAL HERBS” (Book, Edited by M. Emerald, Ph.D., Dr. Sc.)

The book “An Introduction to Medicinal Plants” is an important contribution to a science and research, which helps better understanding of an importance of sustainable farming, and a potential of medicinal plants in medicine (drugs discovery and development), skincare and cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, creation of natural products, and biotechnology. It provides a valuable information for Academic, biotech, pharmaceutical and agriculture professionals, students, medical doctors, and natural products manufacturers.

Is there any equation to describe the accelerated expansion of the universe from the Big Bang to this day?

Yes. Wave equation (24) in following quantum gravity theory gives continuous accelerated expansion of the universe from Big Bang to present day. Data from the solution of this wave equation is at the back of the article: Periodic quantum gravity and cosmology, Ch. 1 in the book “The Wave Equation: An Overview”.